COLLATION OF THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARIES
List of Title Abbreviations (in alphabetical order)
SD INDEX Maoben. See Macben
SD INDEX Maoris, decimated, spared II 780
SD INDEX Mao-Tse. See Miaotse
SD INDEX Map(s) of America, Basle (1522) II 327
TG Maquom (Chald.). "A secret place" in the phraseology of the Zohar, a concealed spot, whether referring to a sacred shrine in a temple, to the "Womb of the World", or the human womb. A Kabalistic term.
SD INDEX Ma-Qom [Maqom] (Heb) shrine
human womb II 84, 457 &n
symbol for God, space II 612
SD INDEX Mar. See Mare
SD INDEX Mar (Skt), Mars fr, (Muller) II 392 &n
TG Mara (Sk.). The god of Temptation, the Seducer who tried to turn away Buddha from his PATH. He is called the "Destroyer" and "Death" (of the Soul). One of the names of Kama, God of love.
VS Great Ensnarer, (Mara) (I 22) [[p. 8]] Mara is in exoteric religions a demon, an Asura, but in esoteric philosophy it is personified temptation through men's vices, and translated literally means "that which kills" the Soul. It is represented as a King (of the Maras) with a crown in which shines a jewel of such lustre that it blinds those who look at it, this lustre referring of course to the fascination exercised by vice upon certain natures.
WG Mara, death; the world of death, i.e., this world; with Buddhists, the Destroyer, Evil One.
SKv Mara, Maha-mara Mara is 'the Destroyer,' 'the Evil One,' 'that which kills the Soul'; derived from the causative form of the verb-root mri -- to die; hence, 'that which causes to die,' or 'that which kills.' Mara is the personification of the temptations that come to a man as a result of his own weaknesses, and of his own past evil deeds and thoughts. It is the yielding to these lower temptations life after life which brings about the killing of the soul or Mara's triumph. The 'Hosts of Mara' that beset us on the path are our own creations returning to us in their cyclic rhythm. They are like the furies of ancient Greece, who could be changed into the Eumenides by the firm aspirations and conquests of the neophyte. Legend mystically relates that the Buddha as he sat under the Bodhi tree or Wisdom-tree was attacked by the hosts of Mira who endeavored to turn him from his great purpose; but by his soul-purity and compassion these evil ones were turned into five-colored Lotus flowers.
Mahamara is 'the Great Deluder.' The Voice of the Silence says:
It is represented as a King (of the Maras) with a crown in which shines a jewel of such luster that it blinds those who look at it, this luster referring of course to the fascination exercised by vice upon certain natures. -- Frag. I
SD INDEX Mara (Skt) Death
kumara, kama & II 579
quickener of spiritual birth II 579n
TG Marabut. A Mahometan pilgrim who has been to Mekka, a saint. After his death his body is placed in an open sepulchre built above ground, like other buildings, but in the middle of the streets and public places of populated cities. Placed inside the small and only room of the tomb (and several such public sarcophagi of brick and mortar may be seen to this day in the streets and squares of Cairo), the devotion of the wayfarers keeps a lamp ever burning at his head. The tombs of some of these marabuts are very famous for the miracles they are alleged to perform.
IU Marabut.-A Mahometan pilgrim who has been to Mekka; a saint, after whose death his body is placed in an open sepulchre built on the surface, like other buildings, but in the middle of the streets and public places of populated cities. Placed inside the small and only room of the tomb (and several such public sarcophagi of brick and mortar may be seen to this day in the streets and squares of Cairo), the devotion of the wayfarers keeps a lamp ever burning at his head. The tombs of some of these marabuts have a great fame for the miracles they are alleged to perform.
SD INDEX Marangoni, Giovanni, Grandezze dell' Arcangelo . . ., St Michael II 478-9 &n
VS Maras' King at Tsi, the portal of assembling (I 44) [[p. 21]] At the portal of the "assembling" the King of the Maras the Maha Mara stands trying to blind the candidate by the radiance of his "Jewel."
SD INDEX Marcelinus Vicinus. See Ficino, M.
SD INDEX Marcellinus. See Ammianus M.
SD INDEX Marcellus, on Atlantis II 408-9
TG Marcionites. An ancient Gnostic Sect founded by Marcion who was a devout Christian as long as no dogma of human creation came to mar the purely transcendental, and metaphysical concepts, and the original beliefs of the early Christians. Such primitive beliefs were those of Marcion. He denied the historical facts (as now found in the Gospels) of Christ's birth, incarnation and passion, and also the resurrection of the body of Jesus, maintaining that such statements were simply the carnalization of metaphysical allegories and symbolism, and a degradation of the true spiritual idea. Along with all the other Gnostics, Marcion accused the "Church Fathers", as Irenaeus himself complains, of "framing their (Christian) doctrine according to the capacity of their hearers, fabling blind things for the blind, according to their blindness; for the dull, according to their dulness: for those in error, according to their errors."
SD INDEX Marco Polo, travels of, called absurd II 441
SD INDEX Marcosians (followers of Marcus, Gnos), tetrad of I 448
SD INDEX Marcus
chief of second-century Marcosians I 350-1
more Pythagorean than Gnos I 449; II 563
deity is thirty in four syllables I 351-2
good & evil serpent, dual Logos of I 410
seven heavens of I 449; II 563
truth shown as a woman I 352
SD INDEX Marduk. See Merodach
SD INDEX Mare (Lat) sea
Jehovah-Binah-Venus or I 392
Maia, Maya, Mary & I xxxii
three "Maries" at crucifixion I 385
waters, the sea I 402
TG Marga (Sk.). The "Path", The Ashthanga marga, the "holy" or sacred path is the one that leads to Nirvana. The eight-fold path has grown out of the seven-fold path, by the addition of the (now) first of the eight Marga; i.e., "the possession of orthodox views"; with which a real Yogacharya would have nothing to do.
VS Marga [[p. 68]] Marga "Path."
SKv Marga In Buddhism Marga is 'the Path Upward,' the Path to Liberation, Wisdom, and Peace; derived from the verb-root marg -- to seek, to strive, to attain.
GH Margasirsha The name of the month in which the full moon enters Mrigasiras (generally applied to Capricornus in the signs of the Zodiac): the tenth or in later times the first month in the year. (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 76)
SD INDEX Maria, Mara, Maia, Maya or I 396
TG Marichi (Sk.). One of the "mind-born" sons of Brahma, in the Puranas. Brahmans make of him the personified light, the parent of Surya, the Sun and the direct ancestor of Mahakasyapa. The Northern Buddhists of the Yogacharya School, see in Marichi Deva, a Bodhisattva, while Chinese Buddhists (especially the Tauists), have made of this conception the Queen of Heaven, the goddess of light, ruler of the sun and moon. With the pious but illiterate Buddhists, her magic formula "Om Marichi svaha" is very powerful. Speaking of Marichi, Eitel mentions "Georgi, who explains the name as a 'Chinese transcription of the name of the holy Virgin Mary'" (!!). As Marichi is the chief of the Maruts and one of the seven primitive Rishis, the supposed derivation does seem a little far fetched.
GH Marichi One of the ten Prajapatis (progenitors) or mind-born sons of Brahma, from whom mankind is descended (according to The Laws of Manu (Manava-Dharma-Sastra). He is also regarded as one of the seven great Rishis (q.v.), in the Mahabharata. He is the father of the Rishi Kasyapa -- the Vedic sage, the most prolific of creators, who produced the Nagas (q.v.). Marichi is also represented as the chief of the Maruts (q.v.). In The Laws of Manu (Manava-Dharma-Sastra) the Pitris of the Gods are reborn as the sons of Marichi and his wife Sambhuti. These pitris are the Agnishvatta Pitris, while those called in The Laws of Manu (Manava-Dharma-Sastra) the 'Pitris of the Demons,' who are reborn as the sons of Atri are the Barhishad Pitris. (Secret Doctrine, II, p. 89) (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 73)
SD INDEX Marichi (Skt)
father of agnishvattas II 89
Kasyapa son of II 253, 382n
mind-born son II 78, 132
SD INDEX Mariette (Bey), A. F. F.
Maspero succeeded I 311
Osiris renews himself as Lunus I 228
Osiris whose name is unknown I 75 &n, 437
SD INDEX Marine Life, present fr beginning II 712
SD INDEX Mario. See Plutarch, Lives, Caius Marius
SD INDEX Mariolatry (worship of Virgin Mary), based on lunar goddesses I 388
TG Marisha (Sk.). The daughter of the Sage Kanda and Pramlocha, the Apsara-demon from Indra's heaven. She was the mother of Daksha. An allegory referring to the Mystery of the Second and Third human Races.
SD INDEX Marisha (Skt)
mother of Daksha II 177
offered to adepts as a bride II 495
sweat-born child, second race II 175-7
TG Martinists. A Society in France, founded by a great mystic called the Marquis de St. Martin, a disciple of Martinez Pasqualis. It was first established at Lyons as a kind of occult Masonic Society, its members believing in the possibility of communicating with Planetary Spirits and minor Gods and genii of the ultramundane Spheres. Louis Claude de St. Martin, born in 1743, had commenced life as a brilliant officer in the army, but left it to devote himself to study and the belles lettres, ending his career by becoming an ardent Theosophist and a disciple of Jacob Boehmen. He tried to bring back Masonry to its primeval character of Occultism and Theurgy, but failed. He first made his "Rectified Rite" to consist of ten degrees, but these were brought down owing to the study of the original Masonic orders -- to seven. Masons complain that he introduced certain ideas and adopted rites "at variance with the archaeological history of Masonry"; but so did Cagliostro and St Germain before him, as all those who knew well the origin of Freemasonry.
SEE ALSO; SAINT MARTIN, CLAUDE DE
SD INDEX Marius, slew Tautobochus II 277
SD INDEX Mark II 114, 231n
faith will move mountains II 59n
Kingdom of God, little children II 504
Lion, Fire & Saint (table) II 114
Mysteries for disciples only II 231n
"Render unto Caesar . . ." I 296
SD INDEX Markandeya Purana, Narayana on the waters I 457-8n
SD INDEX Marriage Ceremony I 614-15n; II 467n
TG Marttanda (Sk.). The Vedic name of the Sun.
WG Marttanda, our sun; the sun-god; an aditya.
SD INDEX Marrtanda. See Martanda
SD INDEX Mars (the god). See also Karttikeya
Artes, Aretia or II 143n
born fr Juno, w no father II 550
born fr no woman II 125n
Cain personifies II 390-2
Ertosi, Earth & II 143-4n
generative powers symbol II 43n, 390, 467
heptad sacred to II 602
is Karttikeya II 619
names, functions of II 382, 390-3, 392n
Pistis Sophia on II 462
Sabao (Gnostic) II 538n
SD INDEX Mars (the planet). See also Karttikeya
adept knowledge of II 699
conjunction of, w Saturn & Jupiter I 656, 662
day of, almost same as on Earth II 707
density of inhabitants (Kant) I 602-3
does not belong to our chain I 164
error concerning, & Mercury I 163-70
genius of I 577; II 538n
Hindu Mangala is II 124n
judicial astrology & I 575n
men of, ethereal I 602
Mercury, Venus &, lower triad II 462
in obscuration I 165
planetary chain I 164-5
red in color II 43n, 124-5n
satellites of I 165
secret relation of, to Earth I 163-4
Semele presides betw, & Venus I 400
six-faced planet II 382
Sun, ether, & I 102-3
superior globes of, invisible I 153
"tone" of II 601
Virtues rule I 435
water on, solid (Williams) II 136n
SD INDEX Marsh [Mudge], Professor II 218
SD INDEX Marsupial(s) II 166
astral progenitors of II 684
both living & fossilized II 196
Lemurian types of II 7
origin of, (Haeckel) II 165n, 667-8, 713n
reptile monsters contemporary w II 594n
Rutimeyer on II 789
sac of, (Darwin) II 118
SD INDEX Martanda (Skt). See also Sun, Surya
akasa as Aditi, mother of I 527n
allegory of, & seven Adityas I 100
eighth son of Aditi I 99, 448, 527n, 529, 625; II 210n
feeds on sweat of Mother I 100, 102
first-begotten ogdoad I 448
gives back "dead breath" I 102
placed in center by Aditi I 529
pursues seven brother planets I 100, 529
SD INDEX Martians, perceive our world I 166
SD INDEX Martin, Sir Theodore, ["Memoire sur la Cosmographie . . ."], interprets Atlas myth II 762-3
SD INDEX Martinists, astral light term of I 348; II 409, 511.See also Astral Light
WG Martya-loka, the world of mortals, this world. (martya, mortal; loka, world.)
SD INDEX Martyrs, of human thought (Buckle) I 298
SD INDEX Maru (Skt), restorer of Kshattriya race I 378 &n
TG Maruts (Sk.). With the Orientalists Storm-Gods, but in the Veda something very mystical. In the esoteric teachings as they incarnate in every round, they are simply identical with some of the Agnishwatta Pitris, the Human intelligent Egos. Hence the allegory of Siva transforming the lumps of flesh into boys, and calling them Maruts, to show senseless men transformed by becoming the Vehicles of the Pitris or Fire Maruts, and thus rational beings.
FY Maruts, the wind gods.
WG Maruts, the storm-gods; Indra's companions.
GH Maruts The storm gods, helpers of Indra: armed with lightning and thunderbolts, they ride on the whirlwind and direct storms. They are prominent in the Vedas, being called the sons of Rudra (the storm god), or again sons and brothers of Indra (god of the sky). In the Puranas it is related that the Maruts were born in the following manner: Did, the wife of Kasyapa, (one of the great Rishis) was about to give birth to a son, but the embryo was separated by Indra into seven portions, each portion when born being again separated into seven parts. Siva transformed these into boys, calling them Maruts. H. P. Blavatsky interprets this legend as follows: Diti "is the sixth principle of metaphysical nature, the Buddhi of Akasa. Diti the mother of the Maruts, is one of her terrestrial forms, made to represent, at one and the same time, the divine Soul in the ascetic, and the divine aspirations of mystic Humanity . . ." Indra represents the cosmic principle Mahat, in man "Manas in its dual aspect: as connected with Buddhi; and as allowing himself to be dragged down by his Kama-principle (the body of passions and desires)." The babe allegorizes "the divine and steady will of the Yogi -- determined to resist all such temptations, and thus destroy the passions within his earthly personality. Indra succeeds again, because flesh conquers spirit . . . He divides the 'Embryo' (of new divine adeptship, begotten once more by the Ascetics of the Aryan Fifth Race), into seven portions a reference not alone to the seven sub-races of the new Root-Race, in each of which there will be a 'Manu,' but also to the seven degrees of adeptship -- and then each portion into seven pieces -- alluding to the Manu-Rishis of each Root-Race, and even sub-race." (Secret Doctrine, II, pp. 614-5) "The Maruts represent (a) the passions that storm and rage within every candidate's breast, when preparing for an ascetic life -- this mystically; (b) the occult potencies concealed in the manifold aspects of Akasa's lower principles her body, or sthula sarira, representing the terrestrial, lower, atmosphere of every inhabited globe -- this mystically and sidereally; (c) actual conscious Existences, Beings of a cosmic and psychic nature. "At the same time, 'Maruts' is, in occult parlance, one of the names given to those EGOS of great Adepts who have passed away, and who are known also as Nirmanakayas;" (Secret Doctrine, II, p. 615). (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 73)
SD INDEX Maruts (Skt). See also Kumaras, Nirmanakayas, Rudras
beings of cosmic & psychic nature II 615
born in every manvantara II 613, 615
desert Rudra (Sankara) II 498
Diti mother of II 571
half of, gentle, half ferocious II 548
fr Mars, Ares (Muller) II 392n
sons of Rudra II 280n, 548, 613
SEE ALSO; RUDRAS
TG Marut Jivas (Sk.). The monads of Adepts who have attained the final liberation, but prefer to re-incarnate on earth for the sake of Humanity. Not to be confused, however, with the Nirmanakayas, who are far higher.
SD INDEX Maruts-Jivas (Skt), refuse liberation, serve mankind II 615
SD INDEX Marutvan (Skt) lord of the maruts II 615n
SD INDEX Mary. See also Virgin Mary
clothed w Sun & w Moon underfoot I 401
"conceived without sin" I 91
Eve, Sea, Virgin, nave II 463
mare or I 392, 458n
Maya, Maia, mare I xxxii, 384, 396; II 101n
Queen of Heaven, Moon I 403
seven children of II 527
SD INDEX Maryadah (Skt), lines, paths II 191n
TG Masben [[symbol of three dots forming a triangle -- two on the bottom and one on top]] (Chald.). A Masonic term meaning "the Sun in putrefaction". Has a direct reference -- perhaps forgotten by the Masons -- to their "Word at Low Breath".
SD INDEX Mascarene Continent, described II 324
TG Mash-Mak. By tradition an Atlantean word of the fourth Race, to denote a mysterious Cosmic fire, or rather Force, which was said to be able to pulverize in a second whole cities and disintegrate the world.
SD INDEX Mash-Mak, sidereal force of Atlanteans I 563
SD INDEX Mason(s). See also Architects, Builders
architect leaves building to I 279
decad & grip of Master- II 581
Hiram Abif, etc I 314-15
hosts of intelligent powers I 279
identify Enoch w Thoth & Hermes II 529
monad throne of deity w I 613
mystic numbers of I 113n
no chronology for creation II 696
Ragon founded society of II 575
SD INDEX Masonic Cyclopedia. See MacKenzie, K. R. H.
SD INDEX Masonic Review
"The Cabbalah" (Skinner) I 429; II 37 &n, 38-40, 41, 76-7
"Hebrew Metrology" (Skinner) I 90n
SD INDEX Masonry, Freemasonry
archives I xxxvi, xliv
degrees in II 575
foundation of true II 345n
Kabbalah, Bible &, ratios of II 39
mallet in II 100, 556n
persecuted by Roman Church I xliv
Ragon on true meaning of II 795-6
Russian, initiation & Tibet I xxxvi
serpent & Templar degree of I 472
speaks of Hermes, Enoch II 47
swastika, Jaina cross & II 98, 100
use emblems, symbols I 306
white stone of II 530
TG Masorah (Heb.). The name is especially applied to a collection of notes, explanatory, grammatical and critical, which are found on the margin of ancient Hebrew MSS., or scrolls of the Old Testament. The Masoretes were also called Melchites.
SD INDEX Masorah (Heb) I 463-4
TG Masoretic Points, or Vowels (Heb.). Or, as the system is now called, Masora from Massoreh, or Massoreth, "tradition", and Masar, to "hand down". The Rabbins who busied themselves with the Masorah, hence called Masorites, were also the inventors of the Masoretic points, which are supposed to give the vowelless words of the Scriptures their true pronunciation, by the addition of points representing vowels to the consonants. This was the invention of the learned and cunning Rabbins of the School of Tiberias (in the ninth century of our era), who, by doing so, have put an entirely new construction on the chief words and names in the Books of Moses, and made thereby confusion still more confounded. The truth is, that this scheme has only added additional blinds to those already existing in the Pentateuch and other works.
SD INDEX Masoretic Points II 388n, 464-5
SD INDEX Masoudi [al-Mas'udi] (Arab), [Les Prairies d'Or, q by de Mirville], Nabatheans II 453
SD INDEX Maspero, Gaston
on prehistoric Egyptian race II 432
successor to Mariette Bey I 311
----- Egyptian Legends [Popular Stories . . .]
Pandora story II 270n
----- Guide du visiteur . . . Boulaq
Egyptian documents incomplete I 436
Egyptian religion & Book of the Dead I 311-12
frog goddesses I 386n
Khonsu & Theban triad II 464
Mout mother, wife of Ammon I 91n
neter, nut I 675
Osiris King of Duration I 436-7
Ptah I 353
SD INDEX Massey, Charles Carleton, Preface to Der Spiritismus, quoting Kant I 133n
SD INDEX Massey, Gerald
----- A Book of the Beginnings II 631
----- "Luniolatry: Ancient & Modern"
cat symbol I 303-5, 387; II 552-3
man in Moon, Trinity I 393
Renouf q I 402 &n
true value of myths I 303-5
----- The Natural Genesis
Ankh, Ru, etc II 547
antiquity of Egypt I 435
Atlantis only an allegory II 353
cat as Egyptian symbol I 387
cross, various usages of II 588
crucifixion on cross came later II 586-7
Egyptian & other astronomical records I 650-1
iconography I 403
limited to psycho-theistic I 405
oath-taking, meaning of II 603
q Bohme re seven principles II 634
q Raoul Rochette on Venus II 546
de Rossi on swastika II 586
serpent worship I 404-5
seven Fountain Spirits of Bohme II 630-1
seven stars, cardinal points I 407-8, 408-9
swastika, cross II 546-7
tau cross I 405
----- "The Seven Souls of Man . . ."
critique of seven races II 634
heaven seven-fold II 631
Sebekh I 219, 220
seven forces of nature II 631-2
seven principles (Hindu, Egyptian) I 227n; II 632
seven stars of Great Bear I 227n; II 631
various seven-rayed Moon-gods I 227n
SD INDEX Massireddin [Nasir al-Din al-Tusi] (Arab), astronomical tables of, (1269 AD) I 658
SD INDEX Massorah. See Masorah
TG Mastaba (Eg.). The upper portion of an Egyptian tomb, which, say the Egyptologists, consisted always of three parts: namely (1) the Mastaba or memorial chapel above ground, (2) a Pit from twenty to ninety feet in depth, which led by a passage, to (3) the Burial Chamber, where stood the Sarcophagus, containing the mummy sleeping its sleep of long ages. Once the latter interred, the pit was filled up and the entrance to it concealed. Thus say the Orientalists, who divide the last resting place of the mummy on almost the same principles as theologians do man -- into body, soul, and spirit or mind. The fact is, that these tombs of the ancients were symbolical like the rest of their sacred edifices, and that this symbology points directly to the septenary division of man. But in death the order is reversed; and while the Mastaba with its scenes of daily life painted on the walls, its table of offerings, to the Larva, the ghost, or "Linga Sarira", was a memorial raised to the two Principles and Life which had quitted that which was a lower trio on earth; the Pit, the Passage, the Burial Chambers and the mummy in the Sarcophagus, were the objective symbols raised to the two perishable "principles" the personal mind and Kama, and the three imperishable, the higher Triad, now merged into one. This "One" was the Spirit of the Blessed now resting in the Happy Circle of Aanroo.
KT Master. A translation from the Sanskrit Guru, "Spiritual teacher," and adopted by the Theosophists to designate the Adepts, from whom they hold their teachings.
VS Master (I 4) [[p. 3]] The "great Master" is the term used by lanoos or chelas to indicate one's "Higher Self." It is the equivalent of Avalokiteswara, and the same as Adi-Budha with the Buddhist Occultists, ATMAN the "Self" (the Higher Self) with the Brahmins, and CHRISTOS with the ancient Gnostics.
OG Master(s) -- A master is one who has his higher principles awakened and lives in them; and ordinary men do not. From the scientific standpoint, that is all there is to it; from the philosophic standpoint, we may say that a master has become, as far as he can be, more at one with the universal life; and from the religious standpoint or the spiritual standpoint, we may say that a master has developed an individual consciousness or recognition of his oneness with the Boundless. (See also Mahatmas)
SD INDEX Master(s) II 445. See also Adepts, Brotherhood, Initiates, Mahatma Letters, Serpents
HPB had copies, letters to Sinnett I 163n
disciple coming in twentieth century I xxxviii
examines initiation symbols I 307
Rider Haggard & letters of II 317n
teach lesson to Western minds I 161
twelve hierophants & II 502
unable to give whole truth I 168
quoted: I 163-70, 187-90
Australian aborigines II 328
on confusion of teachings I 190
elevation of Alps II 751n
on fifth & sixth rounders I 161-2
fourth race civilizations II 429-30
on globes, etc I 159-60, 166
[K.H.] on future procreation II 415
land bridge across Pacific II 327
light, heat, sound, vibrations I 514 &n
man present w antediluvians II 773n
names for I 271n
nebular theory of I 593-4, 597
on past, present, & future I 44
path to wisdom I 167
possess history of man II 437-8
present mankind & fourth race II 178
on Senzar, Stanzas, Sanskrit, Tibetan I 23
sinking of Atlantis II 433n
sinking, rising of continents II 332
SD INDEX Master Builder, Paul an initiate II 704
SD INDEX Master Mason
builders, designers work under II 732
ONE LIFE & LAW II 732
third side of triangle, (Ragon) II 575
SD INDEX Mastodon II 219, 258, 352
TG Matari Svan (Sk.). An aerial being shown in Rig-Veda bringing down agni or fire to the Bhrigus; who are called "The Consumers", and are described by the Orientalists as "a class of mythical beings who belonged to the middle or aerial class of gods". In Occultism the Bhrigus are simply the "Salamanders" of the Rosicrucians and Kabalists.
SD INDEX Matarisvan (Skt) [Vedic fire god,] Agni &, in Vedas II 413-14n
SD INDEX Mater (Lat) mother
"M" of, water glyph II 6
Pro-, divine fire II 114
Sal, Sanguis & II 113
Terra or eighth planet II 393
SD INDEX Materialism
agnosticism veiled I 327
anthropomorphism produces I 382
ape-ancestor myth causes II 680
atomic theory kills I 518
bigotry & I xli
created by religion I 183
Davy on I 480
a disease II 719
disfigures ancient wisdom II 451
Gladstone, Ingersoll & II 767
killing, of present age II 520
man's gross body & I 480
modern, & of Middle Ages II 708n
more frank than agnosticism I 528n
natural sciences & I 518
negative psychology, monism & I 124-5
nothing exists outside matter I 587
occult sciences & I 298
often miscalled science I 279
priesthood causes I 323
theology or I 323
vicious circle I 519
KT Materialist. Not necessarily only one who believes in neither God nor soul, nor the survival of the latter, but also any person who materializes the purely spiritual; such as believe in an anthropomorphic deity, in a soul capable of burning in hell fire, and a hell and paradise as localities instead of states of consciousness. American "Substantialists," a Christian sect, are materialists, as also the so-called Spiritualists.
SD INDEX Materialist(s,ic)
believers in karma cannot be II 305
branchiostoma & II 370n
deny all but matter I 676
German, the worst II 101
metaphysicians & II 665
monists worse than I 528n
real science not I 518
rebel against ether I 587 &n
space a boundless void to I 587, 615
symbologists misjudge Aryans II 526
SD INDEX Materiality
acme of I 610
of early & present rounds II 68n
of Earth changes w races II 68n
TG Materializations. In Spiritualism the word signifies the objective appearance of the so-called "Spirits" of the dead, who reclothe themselves occasionally in matter; i.e., they form for themselves out of the materials at hand, which are found in the atmosphere and the emanations of those present, a temporary body bearing the human likeness of the defunct as he appeared, when alive. Theosophists accept the phenomenon of "materialization"; but they reject the theory that it is produced by "Spirits", i.e., the immortal principles of the disembodied persons. Theosophists hold that when the phenomenon is genuine -- and it is a fact of rarer occurrence than is generally believed -- it is produced by the larvae, the eidola or Kamalokic "ghosts" of the dead personalities. (See "Kamadhatu", "Kamaloka" and "Kamarupa".) As Kamaloka is on the earth plane and differs from its degree of materiality only in the degree of its plane of consciousness, for which reason it is concealed from our normal sight, the occasional apparition of such shells is as natural as that of electric balls and other atmospheric phenomena. Electricity as a fluid, or atomic matter (for Theosophists hold with Maxwell that it is atomic), though invisible, is ever present in the air, and manifests under various shapes, but only when certain conditions are there to "materialize" the fluid, when it passes from its own on to our plane and makes itself objective. Similarly with the eidola of the dead. They are present, around us, but being on another plane do not see us any more than we see them. But whenever the strong desires of living men and the conditions furnished by the abnormal constitutions of mediums are combined together, these eidola are drawn -- nay, pulled down from their plane on to ours and made objective. This is Necromancy; it does no good to the dead, and great harm to the living, in addition to the fact that it interferes with a law of nature. The occasional materialization of the "astral bodies" or doubles of living persons is quite another matter. These "astrals" are often mistaken for the apparitions of the dead, since, chameleon-like, our own "Elementaries", along with those of the disembodied and cosmic Elementals, will often assume the appearance of those images which are strongest in our thoughts. In short, at the so-called "materialization" seances it is those present and the medium, who create the peculiar likeness of the apparitions. Independent "apparitions" belong to another kind of psychic phenomena. Materializations are also called "form-manifestations" and "portrait statues". To call them materialized spirits is inadmissible, for they are not spirits but animated portrait-statues, indeed.
IU Materialization. -- A word employed by spiritualists to indicate the phenomenon of "a spirit clothing himself with a material form." The far less objectionable term, "form-manifestation," has been recently suggested by Mr. Stainton-Moses, of London. When the real nature of these apparitions is better comprehended, a still more appropriate name will doubtless be adopted. To call them materialized spirits is inadmissible, for they are not spirits but animated portrait-statues.
KT Materialisations. In Spiritualism the word signifies the objective appearance of the so-called "spirits of the dead," who re-clothe themselves occasionally in matter; i. e., they form for themselves out of the materials at hand found in the atmosphere and the emanations of those present, a temporary body bearing the human likeness of the defunct, as he appeared when alive. Theosophists accept the phenomenon of "materialisation," but they reject the theory that it is produced by "Spirits," i. e., the immortal principles of disembodied persons. Theosophists hold that when the phenomena are genuine -- which is a fact of rarer occurrence than is generally believed -- they are produced by the larvae, the eidolons, or Kamalokic "ghosts" of the dead personalities. (See "Kamaloka" and "Kamarupa.") As Kamaloka is on the earth-plane and differs from its degree of materiality only in the degree of its plane of consciousness, for which reason it is concealed from our normal sight, the occasional apparition of such shells is as natural as that of electric balls and other atmospheric phenomena. Electricity as a fluid, or atomic matter (for Occultists hold with Maxwell that it is atomic), is ever, though invisibly, present in the air and manifests under various shapes, but only when certain conditions are present to "materialise" the fluid, when it passes from its own on to our plane and makes itself objective. Similarly with the eidolons of the dead. They are present around us, but being on another plane do not see us any more than we see them. But whenever the strong desires of living men and the conditions furnished by the abnormal constitutions of mediums are combined together, these eidolons are drawn -- nay pulled down from their plane on to ours and made objective. This is necromancy; it does no good to the dead, and great harm to the living, in addition to the fact that it interferes with a law of nature. The occasional materialisation of the "astral bodies" or doubles of living persons is quite another matter. These "astrals" are often mistaken for the apparitions of the dead, since, chameleon-like, our own "elementaries" along with those of the disembodied and cosmic Elementals, will often assume the appearance of those images which are strongest in our thoughts. In short, at the so-called "materialisation seances," it is those present and the medium who create the peculiar apparition. Independent "apparitions" belong to another kind of psychic phenomena.
WGa Materialization, a term used among spiritualists to designate the supposed appearance objectively and tangibly at a seance, of a spirit. Materializations, however, are not such as spiritualists claim. They are brought about -- according to the "spirits" themselves in agreement with occult philosophy -- by a combination of magnetic and electric forces and material with pictures from the astral light wherein all pictures forever are. A framework, skeleton form, or flat surface of magnetic and electric matter is first constructed which is perfectly transparent like glass but also tangible, and upon it is reflected the image desired to be seen, whereupon the onlookers think they see a once incarnated spirit. It is the greatest of illusions, and, on the astral plane, is, in the opinion of occultism, nothing more than a "pepper's ghost". That these images speak does not add to proofs of identification, because all such things may be psychologically imitated, and an impression of speech may be produced upon every one who views the phenomenon. But it does happen, sometimes, that one among the onlookers may not hear the speech the others think they hear. A medium is absolutely necessary for a materialization to occur, unless it is brought about by an Adept.
SD INDEX Materialization
began in fourth round II 68n
parallels physicalization II 737
spiritualistic, & early races II 86, 737
SD INDEX Materializing
Kabbala on II 41
left-path adepts, religion II 503
SD INDEX Materiaux pour l'histoire. See Mortillet, G. de
TG Mathadhipatis (Sk.). Heads of various religious Brotherhoods in India, High Priests in Monasteries.
FY Mathadhipatis, heads of different religious institutions in India.
SD INDEX Mathams, Maths [Mathas] (Skt) monasteries
bhashyas hidden in I 271
Sringa-giri a, in Mysore I 272
SD INDEX Mathematics (cal)
atoms, points (Leibniz) I 628-9
divine rulers cultivated II 317
four Pythagorean divisions of I 433
law of probabilities I xlvi-vii
Parker on I 313, 315-16
point or monad, Pluche on I 613
fr point to solid figures I 616
present, line betw past & future I 37
racial, astronomical cycles & II 330-1
SD INDEX Mathers, S. Liddell McGregor
----- The Kabbalah Unveiled II 543n
Ain or non-being II 626 &n
Be-resheeth, Be-raishath I 352
Bird's Nest II 292-3
diagram of seven-fold man in I 241-2
fires, sparks, flames II 83 &n
Jehovistic deity I 619n
phallicism in Zohar II 625n
----- Unpublished MS
kabbalistic personal pronouns I 78
SD INDEX Mathra Spenta (Zor), Holy Word II 480
SD INDEX Mathura (India)
Gauramukha priest to king of II 323
pagoda of II 588
WG Mati, understanding; devotion.
SD INDEX Mati (Skt), understanding II 413-14n
TG Matra (Sk.). The shortest period of time as applied to the duration of sounds, equal to the twinkling of the eye.
TG Matra (Sk.). The quantity of a Sanskrit Syllable.
FY Matras, the quantity of a Sanskrit syllable.
SD INDEX Matra-Chit [Atma-matrabhih] (Skt), by elements of Self I 334
TG Matripadma (Sk.). The mother-lotus; the womb of Nature.
IN Matripadma (Skt) Mother lotus.
SD INDEX Matripadma (Skt) Mother Lotus I 57-8
SEE ALSO; PADMA
TG Matris (Sk.). "Mothers," the divine mothers. Their number is seven. They are the female aspects and powers of the gods.
SD INDEX Matrix. See also Womb
Aditi the, of sura gods II 527
akasa, of the universe II 511
Earth re-emerges fr, of space II 46
the Eternal I 40-1
heavenly II 84
human body as a I 226n
of nature & resurrection II 460, 470
second round Earth a foetus in I 260
sun's seven self-born fr I 290
universal I 62, 80, 283; II 511
Virgin, of kosmos I 91, 99
SD INDEX Matronah (Heb), name for Malkuth [Malkhuth] Earth I 240
TG Matronethah (Heb. Kab.). Identical with Malcuth, the tenth Sephira. Lit., Matrona is the "inferior mother".
SD INDEX Matronethah [Matronitha'] (Heb), way to Tree of Life II 216
TG Matsya (Sk.). "A fish." Matsya avatar was one of the earliest incarnations of Vishnu.
WG Matsya, a species of fish; the twelfth sign of the zodiac, Pisces; name of one of the eighteen Puranas, so called because said to have been communicated by Vishnu in the form of a fish to Vaivasvata Manu.
SD INDEX Matsya (or Fish) Avatara (Skt)
avatara of Vishnu I 263-4, 369, 385; II 139, 307
Triton connected w II 578
Vaivasvata Manu & I 369; II 69n, 139, 307
TG Matsya Purana (Sk.). The Scripture or Purana which treats of that incarnation.
FY Matsya Puranas, one of the Puranas.
SD INDEX Matsya Purana
gives Katapa for Kalapa I 378 &n
Jyotis one of seven prajapatis II 766 &n
Krittikas II 550
Narada, son of Brahma- II 47
on the pitris II 89n
rishis appear seven by seven II 611
Rudra is first rebel II 613n
Seven Rishis conjunction II 550
sons of Marichi II 89
ten Maurya kings I 378n
Vishnu speaks of seven kalpas II 611
OG Matter -- What men call matter or substance is the existent but illusory aggregate of veils surrounding the fundamental essence of the universe which is consciousness-life-substance. From another point of view, matter or substance is in one sense the most evolved form of expression of manifested spirit in any particular hierarchy. This is but another way of saying that matter is but inherent energies or powers or faculties of kosmical beings, unfolded, rolled out, and self-expressed. It is the nether and lowest pole of what the original and originating spirit is; for spirit is the primal or original pole of the evolutionary activity which brought forth through its own inherent energies the appearance or manifestation in the kosmic spaces of the vast aggregate of hierarchies. Between the originant or spirit and the resultant or matter, there is all the vast range of hierarchical stages or steps, thus forming the ladder of life or the ladder of being of any one such hierarchy. When theosophists speak of spirit and substance, of which latter, matter and energy or force are the physicalized expressions, we must remember that all these terms are abstractions -- generalized expressions for hosts of entities manifesting aggregatively. The whole process of evolution is the raising of units of essential matter, life-atoms, into becoming at one with their spiritual and inmost essence. As the kosmic aeons slowly drop one after the other into the ocean of the past, matter pari passu is resolved back into the brilliant realms of spirit from which it originally came forth. All the sheaths of consciousness, all the blinding veils around it, arise from the matter side or dark side or night side of nature, which is matter -- the nether pole of spirit.
WW Matter Now matter and maya. Here again we come to tremendous subjects. Matter is from a root common to many so-called Aryan tongues, of which the origin seems to have been production or bringing forth, generation, that which is disclosed. We have it in mother, mater, [[greek char]], in different languages, the generatrix. We have it in materia and materies, words used in the philosophy of the Latins to signify that out of which anything is made. This root is the source of mother and matter: I do not say that the root of matter is mother; I say that mother and matter with the idea of production, of bringing forth, are closely connected and have arisen from some at present unknown root (possibly ma) common to many Aryan tongues. Matter is the great womb, the great matrix, (again we have the root) from which all springs. It is used ordinarily today by philosophers and by scientists to mean the physical things and bodies which we use around us; but originally, and often in our Theosophical usage, it means very much what modern philosophers call substance, to stand under, from sub, under, and stare, to stand; to stand under, to support a thing. For instance, the original meaning would be something like this: this (pointing to the easel) would be the substance of that (pointing to the blackboard). Again, the blackboard is composed of sensible substance, and so on; therefore the support (i.e. essence) of matter would be the substance, something that substands. I trust you will follow me. Matter according to modern usage, is like the truth, flowers and the leaves, or the phenomena of the plant; the chemical atoms of it are that which substands it; it springs from the elements which build it up, the carbon, the oxygen, the minerals, etc. Matter is the phenomenal part; substance is the noumenon, matter the phenomenon. As we have seen, that seems to be the ordinarily accepted definition today, but it is not so in our Theosophical usage, and was not so among the ancients, where matter seems to have meant very largely what we should now call substance also. Enough for that. Now maya -- and here we are in deep waters again.
SD INDEX Matter. See also Earth, Elements, Maya, Mulaprakriti, Pradhana, Prakritis
abstract I 328
active & passive states of I 281n
Atlanteans sacrificed to god of II 273
basis for agents on this plane I 493
becomes atomic periodically I 552
beings of invisible I 607-8
blending of spirit & I 118
body of, & linga-sarira II 593
called mother by Plato I 348
centers of force I 519
child of fire & water I 341
co-eternal w reality I 340
cometary I 101 &n
corresponds w carbon II 593
cosmic heat actuates I 82
cosmic, scatters & forms elements I 97
creation out of pre-existent II 239n
Crookes discoveries I 581-6; II 211
dead, does not exist I 274, 280-1, 507, 626n; II 672
densest, permeable in next round I 258
descent into & ascent out of II 732
descent of spirit into I 176-7
differentiated or abnormal I 567
diffused cosmic, stages of I 22
dissociates at high temperatures I 543n
divine thought impregnates I 340
dregs of light I 481
dual in metaphysics I 10n
duration, motion, space & I 55
electricity is, & atomic I 111n
electricity is no known I 517
essence of, eternal I 147, 281n
eternal I 280-1 &n, 340, 545, 552; II 239n
evil or, evolution of I 73
evolution of, into spirit I 550-1
expanse of cosmic, or veil I 428
fire, pure akasa or 1st I 253
first differentiation of spirit I 258
Fohat, mind & I 16
force & I 111n, 491
-force-chance trinity I 505
force not property of matter I 491
fourth dimension & I 251-2
grossest, acme of illusion I 63, 628
has everything in it (Littre) I 502n
homogeneous, beyond perception I 601
homogeneous in pralaya I 624, 290n
impure demon of II 274
inseparability of spirit & I 614, 640
intelligent powers behind I 520
life immanent in I 139
light, electricity, heat & I 493, 579
lipika separate, & spirit I 130
lowest point of activity I 633
manas link betw spirit & II 98
man product of, (Thomson) II 719
meaning of, (Faraday) I 510 &n
mid-fourth race lowest point of II 308n
mind ordered primordial I 595
mode of motion (science) I 147
"Mother" or prima materia I 291
motion &, (Spencer) I 12n
motion not property of passive I 502
mukta not subject to quality of I 132
mulaprakriti abstract, ideal I 75, 136
nebular hypothesis & I 599-600
nervous ether refined form of I 532
no objective reality to I 519
nothing directly known of I 669
not outside our perceptions I 603n
noumenon of, fr svabhavat I 84
nous & psyche, spirit & II 134n
now beginning to spiritualize I 185-6
obtuseness of II 285
occultism based on illusion of I 520
occultists study septenary II 592
occult science knows true nature of I 516
particles of, a register I 104, 124
permeability of I 251, 258
ponderable & imponderable I 524-7 &n
potency of, (Paracelsus) I 283
pradhana primordial I 176
prakriti or I 62
primal impress of, (Temple) II 645
primordial I 55, 67, 82, 589; II 256
science on mind & I 124 &n
science studies only fourfold II 592
in second round I 251
self-luminous, of Halley I 590
septenary I 10n, 139, 289; II 592
seven states of I 289, 291, 560, 564; II 29n, 597n
six consolidation stages of I 116
sixth characteristic of I 251
slaves of, those who fell II 272
soul of, first principle in I 481
source of laws of II 24
space, force &, (Pratt) I 15
spectrum analysis of I 595
spirit &, aspects of Parabrahman I 15
spirit &, maya I 633
spirit &, reconciled I 623
spirit &, struggle II 64, 134 &n
spirit &, two poles same substance I 247, 542-3
spirit, force & I 341
spirit is, & vice versa I 179, 416
spirit latent in II 42
substance & I 329
substance not, in metaphysics I 508
substance-, same each cycle I 145
supersensuous & earthly I 200-1 &n, 515
swastika, spirit & II 99
terrestrial & subjective I 514
three noumenoi of, unknown II 592
totality of cosmic existences I 514
ultimate structure I 670-1
undifferentiated I 35, 567; II 505
universal, reduces to four elements II 592
vahan of spirit II 58n
of various worlds differs I 143 &n, 589
vehicle of the soul I 49
world soul born of purusha & I 365
world stuff, chaos or I 579
SEE ALSO; SPIRIT, SOUL, MAYA
SD INDEX Matter, Jacques, [Histoire critique . . .], Horus carved on Gnostic gem II 474
SD INDEX Matthew
angel-man, water (table) II 114
baptism w water & fire II 566
"Be ye wise as serpents . . ." I 74
calling brother "fool" (raca) I 578
Christos as lightning II 485 &n
eagle as carrion-eater I 442n
Earth as footstool of God (Watts) I 154
faith can move mountains II 59n
"Father who is in heaven . . ." I 574n
Gentiles & Samaritans II 231n
John the Baptist axed trees II 496
Jonas was the sign to heaven I 653
"Lead us not . . ." I 414
"narrow, strait gate" I 317-18n
praying in secret I 280n
"Render unto Caesar . . ." I 296
seven children of Mary II 527
take kingdom by violence II 244
tree known by its fruit I 421, 467
SD INDEX Mau (Egy), term for cat & seer I 305
WG Mauna, the state of a sage or muni who abandons all doubts as to the relations of Brahma and Jagat.
SD INDEX Maurice, Thomas, Indian Antiquities, affinity betw Druids, Brahmans II 756
SD INDEX Maurigosima [Maligasima], sunken Chinese island (Faber) II 365
SD INDEX Maury, Louis Ferdinand A.
----- [La Magie et l'Astrologie . . .]
kabeiron fr Greek "to burn" II 363
pagan virgins transferred to Mary I 400-1
----- ["Des Divinites et des Genies . . ."]
strife betw good & evil II 497
SD INDEX Maurya, Morya (Dynasty), will restore kshatriya caste I 378n
SD INDEX Mauvaises Terres (Colorado), fossils II 218
SD INDEX Maximus, Emperor, 7-1/2 feet tall II 277
SD INDEX Maximus of Tyre, [The Dissertations], on Persians & fire II 114
SD INDEX Maxwell, A., Plurality of Worlds, calumniated Newton I 607
SD INDEX Maxwell, J. Clerk
Crookes on objections of I 552
pressure of sunlight I 514
----- ["On the Motions . . ."]
gas atoms elastic spheres I 513
----- Treatise on Electricity & Magnetism
electricity is matter I 111n
elements not homogeneous I 143n
ether as a gas I 486
TG Maya (Sk.). Illusion; the cosmic power which renders phenomenal existence and the perceptions thereof possible. In Hindu philosophy that alone which is changeless and eternal is called reality; all that which is subject to change through decay and differentiation and which has therefore a beginning and an end is regarded as maya -- illusion.
KT Maya (Sans.) Illusion; the cosmic power which renders phenomenal existence and the perceptions thereof possible. In Hindu philosophy that alone which is changeless and eternal is called reality: all that which is subject to change through decay and differentiation, and which has, therefore, a beginning and an end, is regarded as MAYA -- illusion.
FY Maya, illusion, is the cosmic power which renders phenomenal existence possible.
WG Maya, illusion, which produces the diverse manifestations of the one reality, entering into all finite things; in the Sankhya system, prakriti.
OG Maya -- (Sanskrit) The word comes from the root ma, meaning "to measure," and by a figure of speech it also comes to mean "to effect," "to form," and hence "to limit." There is an English word mete, meaning "to measure out," from the same Indo-European root. It is found in the Anglo-Saxon as the root met, in the Greek as med, and it is found in the Latin also in the same form. Ages ago in the wonderful Brahmanical philosophy maya was understood very differently from what it is now usually understood to be. As a technical term, maya has come to mean the fabrication by man's mind of ideas derived from interior and exterior impressions, hence the illusory aspect of man's thoughts as he considers and tries to interpret and understand life and his surroundings; and thence was derived the sense which it technically bears, "illusion." It does not mean that the exterior world is nonexistent; if it were, it obviously could not be illusory. It exists, but is not. It is "measured out" or is "limited," or it stands out to the human spirit as a mirage. In other words, we do not see clearly and plainly and in their reality the vision and the visions which our mind and senses present to the inner life and eye. The familiar illustrations of maya in the Vedanta, which is the highest form that the Brahmanical teachings have taken and which is so near to our own teaching in many respects, were such as follows: A man at eventide sees a coiled rope on the ground, and springs aside, thinking it a serpent. The rope is there, but no serpent. The second illustration is what is called the "horns of the hare." The animal called the hare has no horns, but when it also is seen at eventide, its long ears seem to project from its head in such fashion that it appears even to the seeing eye as being a creature with horns. The hare has no horns, but there is then in the mind an illusory belief that an animal with horns exists there. That is what maya means: not that a thing seen does not exist, but that we are blinded and our mind perverted by our own thoughts and our own imperfections, and do not as yet arrive at the real interpretation and meaning of the world or of the universe around us. By ascending inwardly, by rising up, by inner aspiration, by an elevation of soul, we can reach upwards or rather inwards towards that plane where truth abides in fullness. H. P. Blavatsky says on page 631 of the first volume of The Secret Doctrine:
Esoteric philosophy, teaching an objective Idealism -- though it regards the objective Universe and all in it as Maya, temporary illusion -- draws a practical distinction between collective illusion, Mahamaya, from the purely metaphysical standpoint, and the objective relations in it between various conscious Egos so long as this illusion lasts.
The teaching is that maya is thus called from the action of mulaprakriti or root-nature, the coordinate principle of that other line of coactive consciousness which we call parabrahman. From the moment when manifestation begins, it acts dualistically, that is to say that everything in nature from that point onwards is crossed by pairs of opposites, such as long and short, high and low, night and day, good and evil, consciousness and nonconsciousness, etc., and that all these things are essentially mayic or illusory -- real while they last, but the lasting is not eternal. It is through and by these pairs of opposites that the self-conscious soul learns truth. It might be said, in conclusion, that another and very convenient way of considering maya is to understand it to mean "limitation," "restriction," and therefore imperfect cognition and recognition of reality. The imperfect mind does not see perfect truth. It labors under an illusion corresponding with its own imperfections, under a maya, a limitation. Magical practices are frequently called maya in the ancient Hindu books.
WW Maya Maya, Mayaka: Maya is from a root ma, and ya is a termination. Ma, like the verbs signifying to make in so many languages, has a thousand and one meanings: to measure, to make, to form, to fashion, to create, to share, etc. It means action exercised upon material. Now this word maya is used in Hindu philosophy (by a development of meaning, a progression of thought from measure, to make) to signify that which is illusory. For instance, a house is a development of an idea inherent in the architect's mind. It is a maya of the idea; it is an illusory aspect of the spiritual conception. Maya is used signifying magic, deceit, impersonation, and many other words giving the equivalent idea of a cloud covering the truth. Maya is often spoken of as if its meaning were nothingness. This will not be found in Hindu philosophy except in a purely philosophical sense; but it does mean illusion, deceit, deception, that which appears but is not. Let me try to give an example of that; it is very important that we get this perfectly clear. We see the universe around us, the stars running their courses, the sun rising and setting regularly. This is an example of maya. The sun does not rise and set; it appears to do so. The earth turns on its axis and produces the phantasmal illusion of the sun rising and setting. The stars do not rise and set; the earth turns on its axis, producing the illusion of the rising and setting of the spheres. Now that too is an example of maya, of magic, of deception, of illusion. Illusion is the meaning usually given to maya, and it is correct, but it does not mean that which is not, nothingness. You will sometimes hear the phrase "All is maya." True, all is maya, things are not what they seem. I think it is Longfellow in his Psalm of Life, who says:
Tell me not in mournful numbers
Life is but an empty dream;
For the soul is dead that slumbers
And things are not what they seem.
But our souls are slumbering most of the time and we do not see things as they are, yet we regulate our lives by them. We seek for facts in the illusory appearances of things, but the facts are behind the phenomena. The sun does not rise and set, the spheres do not rise and set, 'heat' and 'cold' are sensory illusions and in themselves there is no such absolute thing as 'heat' and 'cold,' these being impressions on the senses of forces of nature. In this way we understand what maya is: the magic of nature -- the goddess of Mahamaya, the great mystery. It is said in the Vedanta, and H. P. Blavatsky frequently speaks of it, that the veil of the Deity is maya, Maha-maya, Great Maya, and we saw when we quoted the inscription on the statue of the goddess Neith that she declared that no mortal had revealed her, had ever lifted or discovered her veil, her garment. The usual translation of that seems to be "no mortal has ever uncovered my form", but I think a better rendering is "no mortal has ever revealed (or disclosed) my garment" -- this garment being Maya, the great magic, the mystery and illusion which covers nature, the dress of nature.
Now soul is that ray from the star, which is clothed in maya, shrouded in illusion. That is why our brains are not stronger than they are; that is why the brains of some of us are stronger than the brains of others of us, because they see more clearly into maya, they see more clearly through the veil which enshrouds us all. The spirit understands maya, because the spirit, paradoxically enough, and maya, are the same. Spirit and matter are two poles of one thing. Matter and maya also are one, from one aspect, because we can conceive of maya as being illusion itself, or as being the force in nature which produces illusion, this being perhaps the nearest definition to the original sense of the root from which maya springs -- ma: to make, to create; hence to make illusion, to create illusion, to deceive.
GH Maya As a philosophical term the word has come to be associated with the illusory aspect of man's thoughts and views as he considers life and his surroundings, endeavoring to interpret and understand things: therefore is Maya rendered 'illusion.' One of the traditional explanations of this term given in the Vedanta is: a man sees a coil of rope and believing it to be a serpent instinctively jumps away from it. On looking a second time he realizes that it is but a piece of rope: yet he thought he saw a serpent; therefore he decides that he was fooled by the illusory nature of things -- maya. "Maya or illusion is an element which enters into all finite things, for everything that exists has only a relative, not an absolute, reality, since the appearance which the hidden noumenon assumes for any observer depends upon his power of cognition." (Secret Doctrine, I, p. 39) Maya is often used as an equivalent for Avidya (ignorance), although properly it should be applied solely to Prakriti (q.v.). (The following word is derived from the verbal root:) ma, to measure, with an acquired meaning of to form, to limit. Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 31)
SKo Maya Illusion, temporary limitation, therefore an imperfect understanding of Reality. The word is derived from the verb-root ma -- to measure; hence Maya is that which limits or circumscribes, and prevents us from cognizing perfect Truth or Reality, which is beyond limits, boundless. Maya is the inevitable result of manifestation because matter of any kind is a veil which hides Reality. The thicker the veil, the greater the Maya. Anything that is impermanent and subject to change through decay is a Maya. The closer we unite ourselves with our Inner Essence or Real Self the less Mayavi or less imperfect will be our vision of Truth.
IN Maya, Mahamaya (Skt) "Illusion," the noneternal, that causes us not to perceive reality as it is.
SP Maya -- illusion.
SD INDEX Maya (Skt). See also Illusion, Mahamaya
Adi-sakti & I 10
all things relatively real I 39
bhrantidarsanatah, false perception or II 108
cycles of II 146n
desire to exist & I 44-5
Durga I 396
every finite thing is I 11n, 39
Ginnungagap & I 367
good, evil under sway of II 96
grossest matter acme of I 63
illusion or, discussed I 39-40
includes Adi-budha & gods I 54n
initiate can penetrate I 45
Isvara plus, & avidya I 7
light is matter or I 70
lower astral light becomes I 74n
Mare, Mary, water, etc I xxxii, 384-5, 396
moonbeams dancing on water or I 237
mother of Tvashtri (Jolly) II 101n
nirvana freedom fr I xix
objective universe as I 631, 638
Parabrahman alone above I 54n
personality on waves of I 237
phenomenal universe a I 18, 145-6, 274, 367; II 108
plane of, & dreams I 566
reality removed fr world of I 145-6
samvritti illusion creating I 48n
sensation is I 2n
seven worlds of I 238
spirit & matter both I 633
spiritual lives also I 635
was not I 38
we are victims of I 525n
SEE ALSO; SPIRIT, SOUL, MATTER
SD INDEX Maya (Skt). See also Maia
mother of Buddha I xxxii, 379n, 384
WG Maya-krita, made by illusion, illusionary.
TG Maya Moha (Sk.). An illusive form assumed by Vishnu in order to deceive ascetic Daityas who were becoming too holy through austerities and hence too dangerous in power, as says the Vishnu Purana.
SD INDEX Mayamoha (Skt) illusory form
ruse of, won war for gods I 419-23
Wilson felt, implied Buddhism I 419n
SD INDEX Mayas (Mayans), of Central America
antiquity of, zodiac II 50n
belong to fifth continent II 34-5n
coeval w Plato's Atlantis II 34-5n
Egyptians & I 267n, 390
SD INDEX Mayasabha & Sabha (Skt). See also Aryans
Aryans given, by Atlanteans II 426
SD INDEX Mayasura (Skt), gift of, to Pandavas II 426
SD INDEX Mayavi (Skt), or astral body II 241
TG Mayavic Upadhi (Sk.). The covering of illusion, phenomenal appearance.
FY Mayavic Upadhi, the covering of illusion, phenomenal appearance.
TG Mayavi Rupa (Sk.). "Illusive form"; the "double" in esoteric philosophy; doppelganger or perisprit, in German and French.
FY Mayavirupa, the "double;" "doppelganger;" "perisprit."
WG Mayavi-rupa, illusionary body, the form used by an Adept when appearing at a distance from his physical body. (mayavi, illusionary; rupa, form.)
OG Mayavi-Rupa -- (Sanskrit) This is a compound of two words: mayavi, the adjectival form of the word maya, hence "illusory"; rupa, "form"; the mayavi-rupa or thought-body, or illusory-body, a higher astral-mental form. The mayavi can assume all forms or any form, at the will of an Adept. A synonymous philosophical term is protean soul. In Germany medieval mystics called it the doppelganger. There is a very mystical fact connected with the mayavi-rupa: the Adept is enabled to project his consciousness in the mayavi-rupa to what would seem to the uninitiated incredible distances, while the physical body is left, as it were, intranced. In Tibet this power of projecting the mayavi-rupa is called hpho-wa.
SKs Mayavi-rupa, Mayavi, Hpho-wa The Mayavi-rupa is the 'illusory body' or 'thought-body' of an Initiate; the 'higher astral mental form'; not the lower astral form known as the Linga-sarira or astral mental-body. This word is a compound of mayavi -- illusory, the adjectival form of maya; and rupa -- form. This form is created by the power of will and thought of an adept, and may be made an exact double of the man or any other shape desired. It is called an illusory body because it is only a temporary creation of the adept. When it has accomplished the intended purpose of the adept it is withdrawn and dissolved. In the Occult Glossary, G. de Purucker writes:
There is a very mystical fact connected with the mayavi-rupa, i.e., the Adept is enabled to project his consciousness in the mayavi-rupa to what would seem to the uninitiated incredible distances, while the physical body is left, as it were, intranced. In Tibet this power of projecting the mayavi-rupa is called Hpho-wa.
In those mystical initiations which take a man into the starry spaces the mayavi-rupa is the vehicle used.
SP Mayavi-rupa -- illusory form.
SEE ALSO; ASTRAL BODY, DOPPLEGANGER
SD INDEX Mayer, Johann T., lunar tables of I 660, 661, 666, 667
SD INDEX Mazarine Library, Manuscripts of Book of Enoch II 531
SD INDEX Mazda (Zor) II 92, 517, law of, or divine wisdom II 292
TG Mazdeans. From (Ahura) Mazda. (See Spiegel's Yasna, xl.) They were the ancient Persian nobles who worshipped Ormazd, and, rejecting images, inspired the Jews with the same horror for every concrete representation of the Deity. They seem in Herodotus' time to have been superseded by the Magian religionists. The Parsis and Gebers, (geberim, mighty men, of Genesis vi. and x. 8) appear to be Magian religionists.
IU Mazdeans, from (Ahura) Mazda. (See Spiegel's Yasna, xl.) They were the ancient Persian nobles who worshipped Ormazd, and, rejecting images, inspired the Jews with the same horror for every concrete representation of the Deity. "They seem in Herodotus's time to have been superseded by the Magian religionists. The Parsis and Ghebers, mighty men, of Genesis vi. and x. 8) appear to be Magian religionists. . . . By a curious muddling of ideas, Zoro-Aster (Zero, a circle, a son or priest, Aster, Ishtar, or Astarte -- in Aryan dialect, a star), the title of the head of the Magians and fire-worshippers, or Surya-ishtara, the sun-worshipper, is often confounded in modern times with Zara-tustra, the reputed Mazdean apostle" (Zoroaster).
SD INDEX Mazdean(s, ism). See also Ahura Mazda, Magi, Zoroastrians
compared w other religions II 60-1, 270, 290-2, 358, 409-10
dualism of II 517
flood & cataclysm II 610
religion among oldest I 10
religion re asuras (ahuras) II 92-3
Roman Catholics & II 476, 480
scriptures, universal myths in II 97
septenates in, religion II 617-18
on seven spheres of Earth II 607 &n
seven worlds, continents II 608, 758-9
six aspects of Logos in II 358
succession of worlds II 756
Unknowable in, religion I 113
TG Mazdiasnian. Zoroastrian; lit., "worshipping god".
FY Mazdiasnian, Zoroastrian priests.
SD INDEX Mazzaroth (Heb) [twelve zodiacal signs] mentioned inJob I 648
SD INDEX M'bo Sha-arim. See Sepher M'bo Sha-arim
TG M'bul (Heb.). The "waters of the flood". Esoterically, the periodical outpourings of astral impurities on to the earth; periods of psychic crimes and iniquities, or of regular moral cataclysms.
SD INDEX M'bul [Mabbul] (Heb), flood waters I 385
SD INDEX Mc. See Mac for names beginning w Mc [[These appear below in CTG -- Ed.]]
SD INDEX McClatchey, Rev, China Revealed, phallicism of Kwan or Yin I 471
SD INDEX [McFarland, R. W.], American Journal of Science, glacial periods, floods II 141 &n
SD INDEX McGaldus, Albus (King of Scotland), alleged skeleton of II 749