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List of Title Abbreviations (in alphabetical order)

TG Gna (Scand.). One of the three handmaidens of the goddess Freya. She is a female Mercury who bears her mistress messages into all parts of the world.

TG Gnana (Sk.). Knowledge as applied to the esoteric sciences.

WG Gnana. (See Jnana.)

SD INDEX Gnana. See Jnana

TG Gnan Devas (Sk.). Lit., "the gods of knowledge". The higher classes of gods or devas; the "mind-born" sons of Brahma, and others including the Manasa-putras (the Sons of Intellect). Esoterically, our reincarnating Egos.

SD INDEX Gnana-Devas. See Jnanadevas

TG Gnanasakti (Sk.). The power of true knowledge, one of the seven great forces in nature (six, exoterically).

FY Gnansakti, the power of true knowledge, one of the six forces.

WG Gnani. (See Jnanin.)

TG Gnatha (Sk.). The Kosmic Ego; the conscious, intelligent Soul of Kosmos.

SD INDEX Gnatha. See Jnata

TG Gnomes (Alch.). The Rosicrucian name for the mineral and earth elementals.


earthly, money, wealth I 294n
fire elementals & II 427
influence on some people I 294n
sylphs, etc derided today I 606

TG Gnosis (Gr.). Lit., "knowledge". The technical term used by the schools of religious philosophy, both before and during the first centuries of so-called Christianity, to denote the object of their enquiry. This Spiritual and Sacred Knowledge, the Gupta Vidya of the Hindus, could only be obtained by Initiation into Spiritual Mysteries of which the ceremonial "Mysteries" were a type.

KT Gnosis (Gr.) Lit. "knowledge." The technical term used by the schools of religious philosophy, both before and during the first centuries of so-called Christianity, to denote the object of their enquiry. This spiritual and sacred knowledge, the Gupta Vidya of the Hindus, could only be obtained by Initiation into Spiritual Mysteries of which the ceremonial "Mysteries" were a type.

WGa Gnosis, "knowledge". The term used in the earlier Western mystical systems to denote the final wisdom to be achieved. The same as the Gupta Vidya of the Hindus.

SD INDEX Gnosis (Gk) knowledge, wisdom I 72n

echo of archaic doctrine I 449
Gnostic, rested on square II 573
of John & Jesus II 566
Mahat first-born of jnana or I 62
serpent mystery the highest I 405
seventh principle of, hidden I 278

TG Gnostics (Gr.). The philosophers who formulated and taught the Gnosis or Knowledge (q.v.). They flourished in the first three centuries of the Christian era: the following were eminent, Valentinus, Basilides, Marcion, Simon Magus, etc. [W.W.W.]

KT Gnostics (Gr.) The philosophers who formulated and taught the "Gnosis" or knowledge. They flourished in the first three centuries of the Christian Era. The following were eminent: Valentinus, Basilides, Marcion, Simon Magus, etc.

WGa Gnostics, philosophers of the first, second, and third century who followed the Gnosis (knowledge) and taught a doctrine almost identical with present-day Theosophy.

SD INDEX Gnostic(s). See also Aeons, Gnostic Gems, Marcus, Pistis Sophia, Valentinus

Abraxas of II 474, 565
Aeons of, & Anugita II 569n
aim of, schools & Buddhism I 668
Alexandrian, & initiation I 416
Catholic &, astrolatry I 402
Chnouphis is Christos of II 210n
Christian, edited Zohar I 214
Christos of I 132n; II 540
Church mutilated, systems I 350
creators were lower gods II 61, 96
dragon was Son w II 355
five sacred words of II 580
genii of seven planets II 538 &n
gnosis of, rested on square II 573
Horus the, Christ II 587
iconography of, fr India II 565
identified Jehovah w evil I 197
knew mystery language II 574
light-shadow, good-evil II 214
mystery gods of II 539-42
Nazarenes were II 96n
numerical value of Christ I 322
Ophios-Christos as Logos of I 364
Ophites were Egyptian II 386
opinion of Jewish God II 95n, 96, 235
Peratae- II 356, 577-8
philosophy of I 197
phoenix, man-lion of II 564 &n
planetary origin of monad I 577
rounds, races, figures II 618
Satan angel of matter II 235
savior, Agathodaemon II 458
sects founded by initiates II 389
serpent I 73, 404, 410, 472; II 208, 210, 280n, 386-7
seven angels of II 611
seven arts of enchantment II 641
seven heavens II 563
seven vowels of I 73, 410-11; II 280n, 458, 563, 565
Sophia of, Holy Ghost I 72n
tau or procrustean bed of II 573
teachings faithful to Secret Doctrine II 96n
tetrad, etc I 351, 448
various Adams of II 458
Verbum or Son dual II 515
view of God, archangels I 198
wisdom of Hindu origin II 570


SD INDEX Gnostic Gems II 604

allegorical monsters on II 565
Horus depicted on II 474
pre-Christian II 564n
serpent symbol I 472-3; II 210
seven-rayed Iao I 227n; II 541
symbols fr India II 565, 570
symbols of five races II 458

SD INDEX Gnosticism, Sects, Schools

based on correct symbolism II 389
Christian, & Neo-Platonism I xliv
influence of Buddhistic theosophy I 668
Jehovah personated Christ in II 508

SD INDEX Gnostics and Their Remains. See King, C. W.

VS Gnyana [[p. 47]] Knowledge, Wisdom.

WG Gnyana. (See Jnyana.)

SD INDEX Gnyana. See Jnana

TG Gnypa (Scand.). The cavern watched by the dog Garm (q.v.).

SD INDEX Goat(s)

androgyne, of Mendes I 253
in army of crusaders I 357
Azazel or I 441-2n; II 389n
Capricornus & II 578-9
-men II 54, 63
of Mendes or astral light I 253
sacrificed to Durga Kali II 579
scape-, of Israel II 389n, 510
symbol of, among Gnostics II 386
witches' sabbath, Pan & II 510

SD INDEX Gobelin, De. See Court de Gebelin

SD INDEX Gobi Desert II 324. See also Shamo

deluge changed, into a sea II 5
extension of ancient continent II 327
formed in last glacial period II 502-3
future continents & II 404n
immortal man found refuge in II 372
island in, now an oasis II 220, 503
Kalki avatara & region of II 416n
Sahara & II 405
Sambhala island in II 319
"Sea of Knowledge" once in II 502-3
statues discovered in II 331

VS thy inner GOD [[p. 9]] The Higher SELF.

OG God -- The core of the core of a human being or of any other organic entity whatsoever is a kosmic spirit, a spark so to say of the kosmic flame of life. (See also Inner God)

OG Gods -- The old pantheons were builded upon an ancient and esoteric wisdom which taught, under the guise of a public mythology, profound secrets of the structure and operations of the universe which surrounds us. The entire human race has believed in gods, has believed in beings superior to men; the ancients all said that men are the "children" of these gods, and that from these superior beings, existent in the azure spaces, men draw all that in them is; and, furthermore, that men themselves, as children of the gods, are in their inmost essence divine beings linked forever with the boundless universe of which each human being, just as is the case with every other entity everywhere, is an inseparable part. This is a truly sublime conception.

One should not think of human forms when the theosophist speaks of the gods; we mean the arupa -- the "formless" -- entities, beings of pure intelligence and understanding, relatively pure essences, relatively pure spirits, formless as we physical humans conceive form. The gods are the higher inhabitants of nature. They are intrinsic portions of nature itself, for they are its informing principles. They are as much subject to the wills and energies of still higher beings -- call these wills and energies the "laws" of higher beings, if you will -- as we are, and as are the kingdoms of nature below us.

The ancients put realities, living beings, in the place of laws which, as Occidentals use the term, are only abstractions -- an expression for the action of entities in nature; the ancients did not cheat themselves so easily with words. They called them gods, spiritual entities. Not one single great thinker of the ancients, until the Christian era, ever talked about laws of nature, as if these laws were living entities, as if these abstractions were actual entities which did things. Did the laws of navigation ever navigate a ship? Does the law of gravity pull the planets together? Does it unite or pull the atoms together? This word laws is simply a mental abstraction signifying unerring action of conscious and semi-conscious energies in nature.

SD INDEX God. See also Anthropomorphic, Deity, Personal Gods, Unknowable

Advaitis view of I 636; II 598
altar to the Unknown I 327
anthropomorphic, denied I 499n
anthropomorphic, w four-letter names II 601-2
author of nature I 412
Buddhists have no personal I 635
Buddhist, Vedantin on I 636
came to West fr phallic source I 346-7
cause of mind, spirit, light (Pymander) I 285
Christian & Hindu II 472
Christian, & Sun, Jupiter II 540
Christian, not the Unknowable I 391
collective being II 239
commands another god (Genesis) I 336-7
consuming fire I 121-2; II 114
covenant w Abraham II 508
"created in man's image" rejected I xx
creative, of Jews II 543-4
Devil & I 235-6, 412-18, 421
"dwelleth not in temples" I 327
elohim or I 139; II 488
evolution of the, -idea I 326
extracosmic, & intelligent forces I 529
extracosmic, fatal I 529, 569; II 41
Father in Pymander I 74n
finite, imperfect, rejected I 533
form of, shall not be limited II 279n
geometrizes (Plato) II 39, 41
Gnostic view of, & archangels I 198
God of Jews is not, (Basilides) I 350
good & evil fr I 412
gravity is, matter its prophet I 492
heavenly bodies temples of I 578
fr Hebrew yodh, yod I 347
of human dogma rejected I 9
a hypothesis (Laplace) I 498, 576n
inner II 272
is a circle (Pascal, Cusa) II 545
is light, Satan shadow of II 510
is man in Heaven (Levi) II 584
is number w motion (Balzac) I 67
Israelite's, a tribal god II 507-8
Jesus rebelled against commandments of I 576-7
Jewish-Christian, lunar symbol I 391
Jewish, genius of Moon & Saturn II 540
Jupiter &, hurled thunderbolts I 467
"Lead us not . . ." addressed to I 414
life & motion of universe I 3n
Logos is the, of Genesis II 1-2n
Lord, agent provocateur II 387
Lord, of Genesis 2 is elohim II 1-2n
manifested, in nature I 292
man is, on Earth (Levi) II 584
Maqom rabbinical symbol of II 612
of Moses a temporary substitute I 374
-names key to Bible II 536-45
names of, & Michael II 480
names of, in India II 114
in nature acceptable I xx
never used for first Principle II 555
Newton's I 492, 498
no being, no thing I 352
not fr word good I 347
one w nature I 412
orthodox, shaped by man I 9
passive, becomes active I 281n
predestination of, (Calvinism) II 304n
St Michael & II 478-9
Satan &, anthropomorphized I 412; II 507
Satan, Devil, son of, [Job] I 412, 414; II 376, 378, 477, 489
Satan, in manifested world II 235, 515
Satan scapegoat for Christian I 412
Semite, tempts, curses man I 383
seven-lettered, & Jehovah I 410
shadow of man's imagination I 635
should not be given form (Levi) II 536
in space, Christ, Logos II 483
spirit of, aspired II 576
"such is the will of" II 304
Sun the highest II 361
two hypotheses re, of Bible II 472-3
of the Unknown Darkness I 425
weaving garment of, (Goethe) I 83
who curses not infinite II 384n
Zeus a jealous II 419-20

SD INDEX God and His Book. See Ross, W. S.

SD INDEX Goddess(es). See also Mother, Virgins

connected w "M" & water II 65
demiurgical I 399
Diana-Luna I 395
lunar gods & I 387-8, 396, 399-400, 403; II 23, 31-2
Moon & I 228-9 &nn, 264; II 76
nemesis made into a II 305n
of the seven stars II 547

SD INDEX Godefroy, N. P.

----- La Cosmogonie de la revelation
prefers Kabbala over science I 506
rotation & centrifugal force I 499

SD INDEX Godh (Sax), Gott, & God I 347

SD INDEX Godhead

Central Sun & the II 240n
union of three persons in I 381, 668-9


cannot be divorced fr evil I 413
evolution of I 326-7

SD INDEX God in History. See Bunsen, C. C. J.

SD INDEX God of Wine II 363

SD INDEX Gods. See also Angels, Chohans, Deities, Devas, Dhyani-Chohans, Divine Kings, Fall, Kumaras, Pantheism, Polytheism, Rectors, Suras, War in Heaven

addressed in own language I 464
agents of universal harmony II 99
ancient, fr Lemuria II 769
ancients called planets I 2n
Aristotle rejected I 493
arupa II 318n
asuras opposing II 78
autogeneration of I 398
avataras are fallen II 483-4
become no-gods or asuras II 237, 248
believers & non-believers in I 611
beneficent, maleficent II 477
bodies of I 489
bore, nursed, instructed man II 358
Brahma radiates I 447
bright shadow of, (third race) II 268
circle of necessity of II 303
confusion in genealogies of II 42
conscious spiritual egos I 632
cosmic, cannot reach Alaya I 48
cosmic, fr four higher principles I 292
"created the Heavens & the Earth" I 374
created, would be unjust I 221-2
creative, often degraded II 471-2
creators were the lowest II 96
defeat daityas by ruse I 422-3
defeated by daityas I 419
demigods, mortals & II 368
departed (became invisible) II 273
descend, ascend (zodiac) II 357
die -- hence mayavic I 54n
disappear in maha-pralaya I 373n
dragons or II 355
dynasties of, recorded II 367-72
on Earth I 369
elements, elementals, & I 461; II 273
enlighten third race adepts II 211
evolved protoplasmic human forms I 282
fall into generation II 231n, 232
fire II 34, 381, 578
first, androgynous II 130
Fohat objectivized thought of I 111
forsake Earth II 358, 785-6
four-armed Hindu II 294-5
four classes of II 240-1
"fr, to men, fr worlds to atoms" I 604
genii &, within the Plenum I 569
genii fulfill will of I 294-5
God vs, discussed I 492-3n
Hebrew tribal, worship of II 274
Hermetic, genii, daimones, theoi I 288n
heroes &, of antiquity II 172
human once I 106; II 322
husbands of their mothers I 91 &n
incarnated in early men II 373n, 483
incarnate in new manvantara II 232
incarnation of solar I 656
inmetalization & I 188
intelligent architects I 632
interference of I 498
jealousy of II 283
Lords (pl) in Genesis II 81
lotus symbol & Egyptian solar I 385
male, became Sun-gods II 43
"man has become as one of us" I 493n
manifested theogony starts w I 434
man-like, of Hindus II 377
man will be freed fr false II 420
many, (St Chrysostom) I 465n
many, (St Paul) I 465
men &, fr one source II 24
minor, & God-principle I 465n
minor, carry symbols of higher II 545-6
minor, regents of zodiacal signs II 358
-monads-atoms discussed I 610-34
names of, change each age II 90
national, tribal I 421-2
no speculation beyond manifested II 42
noumena of phenomena II 517-18
numbers & II 575 &n
orders of I 438-9, 672
of our fathers, our devils II 32n
patriarchs & I 349
perish not, but are reabsorbed I 36n
planetary, source & head of II 608
plurality of worlds & many II 538
prayer to, re elements I 465-6
primitive names connected w fire- II 114
principles of, are monads & atoms I 633
proceed fr First Cause II 108
produced in Primary Creation I 446-7
reborn in various kalpas II 248
refused to create I 192; II 92-3
regents of worlds, rishis or I 99
river-, sons of the ocean I 345n
sacrificing to, (Exodus) I 402n
Satan eldest of II 234
secondary, are nature forces II 78-9n
septiform pantheon of II 765
seven Babylonian II 5
seven, descend each new cycle I 434-5
seven great, of Egypt I 127
seven great, or Dioscuri II 361
seven, of Chaldean Genesis II 2, 35, 61-2
seven primeval II 514
sidereal, & initiates I 653
solar & lunar II 427
strife betw, & the Raumas II 182
Sun-, discussed II 379, 381-3
Syrian, fourteen classes of I 435-6
temples of God I 578
theogony of creative I 363, 424-45
theos, theoi or, (Plato) I 2n; II 545
"Thou shalt not revile the" I 492-3n; II 477
330 million, in India I 71n; II 90
three classes of, & fourth II 241
Titans &, rebelled against Zeus II 776
twelve great, Apostles, zodiac I 400
walked the Earth II 273
war betw asuras & II 63, 384n
were once men II 255 &n
"ye shall be as" II 279

SD INDEX Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

archetype of, discussed II 737
believed many worlds inhabited II 706
----- Faust
weaving the garment of God I 83

TG Gogard (Zend.). The Tree of Life in the Avesta.

SD INDEX Gogard (Avestan Tree of Life) II 97

SD INDEX Goladhyaya of the Siddhanta-siromani, dvipas, lokas, etc II 321

SD INDEX Golcar, rocking stones of II 344

SD INDEX Gold I 364, 409; II 271, 520

TG Golden Age. The ancients divided the life cycle into the Golden, Silver, Bronze and Iron Ages. The Golden was an age of primeval purity, simplicity and general happiness.

KT Golden Age. The ancients divided the life cycle into the Golden, Silver, Bronze and Iron Ages. The Golden was an age of primeval purity, simplicity and general happiness.

SD INDEX Golden Age. See also Satya-Yuga

Astraea descends to renew II 785
dawn of new root-race II 785
early man started in a II 722
every race, sub-race has II 198
first root-race & II 121, 270, 271
Plato's II 264, 372-3
of Saturn (Kronos) II 372-3, 421, 777
of sixth sub-race II 147n
of third race II 520n
when gods walked the Earth II 273
Yggdrasil lasts till end of II 520

SD INDEX Golden Apples, Apollodorus on legend of II 770n

SD INDEX Golden Calf

higher classes worship I 578
of our age I 675



SD INDEX Golden Cow (India). See Cow

SD INDEX Golden Egg(s). See also Brahma, Eggs, Hiranyagarbha, Mundane Egg

Absolute All could not evolve I 8
Aryan birds that lay II 122
Kalahansa or Brahm lays I 359
seed becomes I 333, 350
surrounded by elements I 65-6
symbol of manifest kosmos I 556


Excerpt from James A. Long's Expanding Horizons:

American Indian
Great Spirit, grant that I may not criticize my neighbor until I have walked a mile in his moccasins.

In five ways should a clansman minister to his friends and familiars - by generosity, courtesy, benevolence, by treating them as he treats himself, and by being as good as his word.

All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

"Is there any one word," asked Tzu Kung, "which could be adopted as a lifelong rule of conduct?" The Master replied: "Is not Sympathy the word? Do not do to others what you would not like yourself."

Greek Philosophy
Do not do to others what you would not wish to suffer yourself. -- Isocrates
Treat your friends as you would want them to treat you. -- Aristotle

One should not behave towards others in a way which is disagreeable to oneself. This is the essence of duty (dharma). All else results from selfish desire.

No one of you is a believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.

Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart:...but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

That nature only is good when it shall not do unto another whatever is not good for its own self.

SD INDEX Golden-Winged Cup (the Sun), Phoibos-Apollo arises out of II 383

SD INDEX Goldstucker, Theodor, Sanskrit Dictionary, on arani II 524 &n

SD INDEX Golgotha, of life I 268

SD INDEX Goliath [I Samuel 17:4] II 336

TG Gonpa (Tib.). A temple or monastery; a Lamasery.

SD INDEX Gonpa (Tib) [lamasery], cave libraries in I xxiv

SD INDEX Good, J. M., on monad I 570

SD INDEX Good, the Supreme, (Plato) II 554. See also Agathon

SD INDEX Good & Evil I 343; II 25-6, 60, 303. See also Evil

Adam, Eve ignorant of II 95n
in all manifested worlds II 214
aspects of the same Unity I 235-6
cannot exist alone I 73, 413-14; II 96, 162, 214, 477
Christ & Satan as forces of II 497
Church's extreme views of I 235-6
discussed I 413-14; II 162, 303-5, 488
Divine contains both I 411-12
karma & II 477, 510n
knowledge of II 81, 124, 210, 214-15, 279, 292-3
light & darkness as I 412
man is both II 515
mankind determines, (karma) II 512
no such thing as, per se II 162
one completes the other II 214
origins of concept of II 412
Ramayana struggle betw II 495
seven gradations of II 212
Tree of Knowledge of I 247; II 4, 124, 214-15, 293, 626n
twin brothers I 412; II 96

SD INDEX Goose. See also Duck, Kalahansa, Swan

Egyptian sacred bird I 353
lays golden eggs II 122
symbol of I 79-81, 355, 357-8

TG Gopis (Sk.). Shepherdesses -- the playmates and companions of Krishna, among whom was his wife Raddha.

SD INDEX Gordon-Cumming, accused of lying II 440

SD INDEX [Gore, Nilakantha], Rational Refutation . . ., on akasa I 296n

SD INDEX Gorgon, sparks on head of I 338n

SD INDEX Gorilla. See also Anthropoid, Ape

brain capacity of II 682n
Dryopithecus compared w II 733
every bone of, varies fr human II 315n, 681, 687
evolved fr lower anthropoids II 193
fr fourth round man & extinct mammal II 683
man's likeness to II 287, 677-8
not missing link II 676
will become extinct II 263

SD INDEX Gorresio, Abbe G., Pulastya & Cain I 415

SD INDEX Gospels I 570n

borrow fr Book of Enoch II 531
four angels, elements & I 127n; II 114 &n
four, only (Irenaeus) I 42
little ones (initiates) in II 504
meanings perverted in I 226
production of Church II 230


TG Gossain (Sk.). The name of a certain class of ascetics in India.

SD INDEX Gosse, P. H., The Romance of Natural History, charges against Madame Merian II 440 &n

SD INDEX Gothic Deities (seven) II 603

SKv Gotrabhujnana, Jnaanadarsanasuddhi Gotra-bhu-jnana means 'knowledge concerning the races of the earth' or 'knowledge of humankind'; a compound of gotra -- race, bhu -earth, and jnana -- knowledge. Jnana-darsana-suddhi means 'perfection in visioning Wisdom or Truth'; a compound of jnana -- wisdom, darsana, a participial form of verb-root dris -- to perceive, and suddhi -- purity or perfection. All the ancient Gurus, Acharyas, and Naljor, were versed in Secret Wisdom of this kind.

SD INDEX Gotras, caste-races of Brahmans II 502

SD INDEX Gott (Ger) God

four-letter German God II 602
fr Hebrew yodh I 347

SD INDEX Gougenot des Mousseaux, H. R.

makes Epaphos into Christ II 414-15
----- Dieu et les Dieux
prophetic or mad stones II 345-6
----- Les Hauts Phenomenes . . .
on Eastern phallicism (IU q) II 85
q Father Felix I 670

SD INDEX Gould, Charles

----- Mythical Monsters
antiquity of civilization II 311-12
Chinese dragon explained II 280n
Croll on geologic eras II 9, 695, 715n
Darwin on Cambrian period II 688n
Darwin on Earth's crust II 10n
dragon & unicorn factual II 217-19
man on submerged Atlantis II 219, 429
men w two faces II 302
monsters & men II 55, 218, 293n
more geologic time needed II 688n
new discoveries suspect II 440-1
period betw Paleo- & Neolithic man II 715n
on Shan-Hai-King II 54n
tropical vegetation in Greenland II 11
Wallace on Lemuria II 7-8

SD INDEX Governors, seven, of Hermetics I 440, 480, 601; II 2n, 97, 103, 236n, 267

WG Govinda, the finder of cows, the searcher for cows, an epithet of Krishna or manifested Vishnu.

GH Govinda A name applied to Krishna. It refers to the time of his youth, for he was reared amongst the cowherds. (Meaning of the word itself: chief of cowherds: go, a cow. Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 11)

SD INDEX Grace, materialization of Divine II 498

SD INDEX Grain(s), brought fr other spheres II 373-4

SD INDEX Gramanis, yakshas or minor gods II 211

SD INDEX Grandezze del Archangelo . . . See Marangoni

SD INDEX Grandidier, Ludwig II 668

SD INDEX Grass, & animals interdependent II 290n, 373

SD INDEX Grasshoppers

Greeks called, winged serpents II 205
Jews were as, to giants II 336, 340
Moses permitted eating of I 80n

SD INDEX Gratiolet, Pierre

on brain of apes, men II 682
fallacies of, re man & ape II 681

SD INDEX Gravity, Gravitation. See also Attraction

attraction & repulsion I 513, 604
bodies not under, (Airy) I 584n
cause of rotation, revolutions I 501
causes of I 513, 529-30
dual force, cosmic magnetism I 497
as force in open space I 511
hydrodynamical theories of I 486
is God, matter its prophet I 492 Kepler on I 497-9
merely a word (de Maistre) I 604
Newton on I 478-9, 490-1
rotary motion &, theories I 504-6
secondary effect of other causes I 484, 490
tails of comets & I 504

SD INDEX Gray, Dr Asa, on Asian land bridge II 783

TG Great Age. There were several "great ages" mentioned by the ancients. In India it embraced the whole Maha-manvantara, the "age of Brahma", each "Day" of which represents the life cycle of a chain -- i.e. it embraces a period of seven Rounds. (See Esoteric Buddhism, by A. P. Sinnett.) Thus while a "Day" and a "Night" represent, as Manvantara and Pralaya, 8,640,000,000 years, an "age" lasts through a period of 311,040,000,000,000 years; after which the Pralaya, or dissolution of the universe, becomes universal. With the Egyptians and Greeks the "great age" referred only to the tropical or sidereal year, the duration of which is 25,668 solar years. Of the complete age -- that of the gods -- they say nothing, as it was a matter to be discussed and divulged only in the Mysteries, during the initiating ceremonies. The "great age" of the Chaldees was the same in figures as that of the Hindus.

KT Great Age. There were several "Great Ages" mentioned by the ancients. In India it embraced the whole Maha-Manvantara, the "Age of Brahma," each "Day" of which represents the Life Cycle of a chain, i. e., it embraces a period of Seven Rounds (vide "Esoteric Buddhism," by A. P. Sinnett). Thus while a "Day" and a "Night" represent, as Manvantara and Pralaya, 8,640,000,000 years, an "age" lasts through a period of 311,040,000,000,000; after which the Pralaya or dissolution of the universe becomes universal. With the Egyptian and Greeks the "Great Age" referred only to the Tropical, or Sidereal year, the duration of which is 25,868 solar years. Of the complete age -- that of the Gods -- they said nothing, as it was a matter to be discussed and divulged only at the Mysteries, and during the Initiation Ceremonies. The "Great Age" of the Chaldees was the same in figures as that of the Hindus.

SD INDEX Great Age I 36, 63, 372; II 308n. See also Maha-yuga

SD INDEX Great Bear (constellation). See also Ursa Major

called Riksha, Chitra-Sikhandinas I 227n, 453; II 631
circle of, & ankh-cross II 547
Mother of Time (Egyptian) I 227n
seven builders, rishis of I 213 &n, 357n
seven stars of, (Massey) I 227n, 407; II 631
seven stars (rishis) of I 198, 227n, 453; II 89n, 318n, 488-9, 549, 550, 768

SD INDEX Great Beast, & number 666 I 655n

SD INDEX Great Book of the Mysteries, seven lords create seven men II 212

SD INDEX Great Breath I 2, 11, 12n, 147, 496. See also Breath, Divine Breath, Manvantara

aspect of the One Reality I 14
becomes Divine Breath I 43
Christos anointed by II 23
Day of Brahma II 6 &n
differentiates in 1st atom I 455
digs seven holes in laya I 147
eternal ceaseless motion I 2, 43, 282, 455
Father, Mother, Son & I 41
is, yet is not I 43
as the One Life I 226n
outbreathing, inbreathing I 4, 43
precosmic ideation I 15
reentering, is paranirvana I 266
root of individual consciousness I 15
smaller breaths & I 496

SD INDEX Great Britain, will sink II 266

SD INDEX Great Day, end of seventh round II 491

SD INDEX Great Deep. See also Abyss, Chaos, Mother, Waters

Aditi, Chaos, Shekhinah or I 460; II 527
chaos or female power in nature I 431
water is I 460; II 65

SD INDEX Great Dragon or Deluge

respects serpents of wisdom II 351, 355
waters of the flood or I 460

SD INDEX "Greater Gods of Olympos." See Gladstone

SD INDEX Great Extreme (of Confucius)

Boundless Age or I 356
Parabrahman or II 553
short & suggestive cosmogony I 440
symbol used by Taoists, others II 554

SD INDEX Great Four (karmic gods), Four Maharajas or II 427 &n

SD INDEX Great Mother I 43, 81, 291, 434; II 83, 384n, 416, 462, 503

SD INDEX Great Pyramid (Cheops, Gizeh). See also Pyramids

built at beginning of sidereal year I 435
built by Atlanteans II 429
built on decimal system I 362
"coincidences" in I 314-15
date of I 435; II 429, 431-2, 435-6, 750
Holy of Holies & I 264; II 462
initiation & I 314, 317-18n; II 462, 558
measurements of I 115n, 313-15; II 465-6
sarcophagus called corn bin I 317n
sound could raise the I 555

SD INDEX Great Pyramid. See Wake, C. S.

SD INDEX Great Range II 34. See also Himalaya

SD INDEX "Great Sacrifice" I 207-12

Wondrous Being or I 207-8

SD INDEX Great Serpent Mound (Ohio)

not a tomb II 752-3 &n
symbol of eternal time II 756

SD INDEX Great War [Mahabharata]

date of I 369n
historical I 397

SD INDEX Great Year. See Sidereal Year


devas class symb as Prometheus in II95
giants of II 336, 344n
Hyperborean & S Apollo of II 769
Peruvians & Pelasgians of II 745
poetry of, & India II 450
Python, falling demon in II 486

SD INDEX Greek(s)

Achaean, & tetrad II 601
adepts preserved Dendera zodiac II 432
Adonis of the II 44, 769n
ancient, fr Atlanto-Aryans II 436, 743
anthropomorphism of I 326
architecture & Vitruvius I 209n
ash tree of II 519-20
Atala, Atlantis & II 408
Atlantean civlization greater than II 429-30
atomic concepts fr Egypt I 117
before becoming Hellenes II 367
butterfly symbol of mind-soul w II 292
canons of proportion I 208n
Christian &, religions (Muller) II 764n
chronology of, fr India II 620
claimed descent fr Saturn II 768
confused Thessaly w Atlantis II 776
could not have devised zodiac I 648
cross described II 547
daimons II 508
divine dynasties of II 316
Eden (hedone) in, is voluptuousness II 203
egg symbol among I 359-60
Egyptian sages gave Solon history of II 743 &n
Enoch called Enoichion by II 529
forefathers of, destroyed II 749
in fourth century BC were moderns II286
gibborim became Titans w II 273-4
greeted morning star II 759
Helios Sun-god of II 540
Hermes of, Egypt & II 137, 367
Hindu zodiac fr, (Weber) I 647-8; II 225, 332
Indian arts & sciences not fr II 225
initiated, view of moon I 396
knew mystery language II 574
knew of polar day & night II 773
knew of second continent II 7, 11-12
Michael same as Mercury of II 481
millennium, length of II 395
myths based on truth II 236, 271, 410, 769
naturalized their gods II 770n
no, ideas came fr Egyptian (Renouf) I 402
northern origin of, gods II 769
number seven of, fr Hindus II 408, 612
"Old Time" of, w scythe I 459
origins in Miocene (Donnelly) II 746n
Poseidon-Neptune of, & dolphin II 577
rites became phallic II 362
sacrifice to the winds I 466
Sanskrit once called, dialect I xxxviii
seven vowels of, & seven races II 458
spirituality & intuition of II 158
system of sacred measures & Jewish I312-13
taught succession of worlds II 756
taught three aspects of universe I 278
tragedy, Aeschylus father of II 419
world destruction & renewal II 784
worshiped stones (Pausanias) II 341
zodiac, age of, (Volney) II 436 &n
zodiac fr India via Chaldea I 658

SD INDEX Greek Church

filioque dogma & II 635
inner meaning of cross in II 562
Latin Church &, idolatrous II 279
powers of darkness & angels in I 295
symbol of marriage ceremony I 614-15
wind translated spirit in John of I 226

SD INDEX "Greek Kabbala," of Valentinus I 310

SD INDEX Greek Lexicon. See Parkhurst, J.

SD INDEX Greek Poet (untraced), seven letters of deity II 603

SD INDEX Greeley, Horace, amiable infidels of society I xxii

SD INDEX Greenland

coast sinking II 787n
part of horseshoe continent II 326, 402
part of northern continent II 423-4, 775
part of Sveta-dvipa II 327
remnant of second cont II 11-12, 138, 402
subtropical in Miocene II 11-12, 677, 726

SD INDEX Gregor, Dr H., denies giants II 277

SD INDEX Gregorie [John Gregory], Notes and Observations, Adam's body kept above ground II 467

SD INDEX Gregory, Pope II 587

SD INDEX Gregory Nazianzen, Saint, "visible things are but the shadow" II 268

SD INDEX Griechische Gotterlehr. See Welcker, F. G.

SD INDEX Griffin(s) (Persian), same as cherubim I 364n

SD INDEX Grihastha (Skt) householder

laws of, & married life I 210
priest of exoteric ritual II 499
those failing to attend home fires II 77-8
until begetting a son II 411n

SD INDEX Grimm, Jacob, Deutsche Mythologie, Flood, reanimation of race II 270

SD INDEX Grimm's Law, Odin & Buddha I xxix

SD INDEX Grip, Master Mason's, & decad II 581

TG Grihastha (Sk.) Lit., "a householder", "one who lives in a house with his family". A Brahman "family priest" in popular rendering, and the sacerdotal hierarchy of the Hindus.

WG Grihastha, a priest of the exoteric ritual only; a house holder. (grihia, house sthia, standing, abiding.)

MO Grimner [[Norse]] [disguised] Odin as teacher of the younger Agnar

MO Groa [[Norse]] (groo-a) [growth] A sibyl: the evolutionary past leading up to the present

SD INDEX Gross, J. B., Heathen Religion, preformation of lotus I 57 &n

SD INDEX Grote, George

----- A History of Greece
Atlantis a myth, mirage II 760
Hesiod & Homer illiterate II 440

MO Grotte [[Norse]] (grott-eh) [growth] Magic mill of change, creation, destruction: evolution

SD INDEX Grotto of Zarathustra I 464

SD INDEX Grove, Sir William

ideas of, now accepted I 499
put to death the imponderables I 486
truth should be aim of science I 509
----- Address to British Association
solar system gradually changing I 102
----- On the Correlation . . .
ancients saw spirit in phenomena I 465
defines light I 483-4
ether as a fluid criticized by I 491
physical phenomena & motion I 496-7 &n
speaks of nature's forces I 492
storing up light I 508-9
Sun's gaseous matter & heat I 102
ultimate generating power I 469
we are ignorant of causes I 465

SD INDEX Grypes, & Arimaspi fr Aeschylus II 417

PV Guacamayo Spanish, "macaw." Six macaws, with the game ball, compose the symbol of the god-Seven (Cabahuil), the disguise or nahual of the Solar deity.

SD INDEX Guanches (Canary Islanders)

American tribes & II 740, 792
Atlantean descent of II 791
Cro-Magnon & II 678 &n, 740, 790n, 791

PV Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe. "Falcon Puma." An Andean Indian nobleman of the Inca caste, the author of the Nueva Coronica y Buen Gobierno, an illustrated codex or manuscript describing the origins of the Incas, the four ages of mankind, and related matters from indigenous Andean pre-Conquest belief. The manuscript severely indicts Spanish treatment of the native Andean peoples. Prepared sometime between 1567 and 1615, it was directed to King Philip III of Spain, but somehow found its way to the Royal Library in Copenhagen, where it lay untouched for 300 years, until 1908, when European scholars interested in the early New World brought it to light.

SD INDEX Guardian(s), & spirit(s), angel(s) I 104, 128n, 220, 222n, 288n, 575-6, 644, 663; II 31, 477, 478

TG Guardian Wall. A suggestive name given to the host of translated adepts (Narjols) or the Saints collectively, who are supposed to watch over, help and protect Humanity. This is the so-called "Nirmanakaya" doctrine in Northern mystic Buddhism. (See Voice of the Silence, Part III.)

VS Guardian Wall (III 28) [[p. 68]] The "Guardian Wall" or the "Wall of Protection." It is taught that the accumulated efforts of long generations of Yogis, Saints and Adepts, especially of the Nirmanakayas have created, so to say, a wall of protection around mankind, which wall shields mankind invisibly from still worse evils.

WGa Guardian Wall, the metaphorical wall of protection created around mankind by the accumulated efforts of all the hosts of Saints, Adepts, Narjols, and Nirmanakayas, to save it from falling lower in the scale than it already is, and to shield it from yet more terrible evils than are at present its lot.

SD INDEX Gubernatis, A. de I 304

PV Gucumatz [[Quiche]] "Serpent-bird" or "Feathered Serpent." One of six hypostases of Cabahuil, it is especially associated with Cabahuil itself and another hypostasis, Tepeu, as the three suns of the line of parallel (rising, at zenith, setting). Corresponds to the sun at setting. Identical with the Quetzalcoatl of Toltec tradition. Stands also for the class of creative gods as a whole.

MO Gudasaga [[Norse]] (goo-dah-sah-ga) [gud god + saga spell] A divine tale given orally, a god-spell or gospel

GH Gudakesa One of the names given to Arjuna. (Meaning of the word itself: thick-haired. Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 79)

SD INDEX Guebra, Kabiri, fire worshipers II 363n

TG Guff (Heb.). Body; physical form; also written Gof.

SD INDEX Guf [Guph] (Heb), physical body II 633

united w lower nephesh II 457

WG Guha, a cave or subterranean resort of a yogi.

SD INDEX Guha (Skt) the mysterious one

Karttikeya is the II 549
Kumara, or Karttikeya II 382

TG Guhya (Sk.). Concealed, secret.

SD INDEX Guhya (Skt), parama, sarvatman or I 90

TG Guhya Vidya (Sk.). The secret knowledge of mystic Mantras.

KT Guhya Vidya (Sans.) The secret knowledge of mystic-mantras.

SKs Guhya-Vidya The knowledge of Mantras or mystical incantation, the science of the mystical potency of the sounds or letters of a chant. Guhya-Vidya is a compound of vidya -- wisdom, and guhya -- hidden, derived from the verb-root guh -- to hide, to protect.

SD INDEX Guhya-Vidya (Skt) [secret knowledge], knowledge of mantras, etc I 169

SD INDEX Guide . . . Musee de Boulaq. See Maspero

SD INDEX Guide for the Perplexed. See Maimonides

SD INDEX Guigniaut, J. D. (transl Creuzer's Symbolik)

----- Religions de l'antiquite . . .
Dionysus Chthonios & oracles I 463
doctrine of the spirits II 369-70
psychic paganism I 461
Rig-Veda the most sublime II 484
theogonies, zodiac I 652
wisdom descends II 367

SD INDEX Guinness, H. Grattan

----- The Approaching End of the Age . . .
q Laycock on periodicity II 622-3n
on sevens & forms, colors, sound II 623-4

FY Gujarathi, the vernacular dialect of Gujrat, a province of Western India.

SD INDEX Gujerat, flight of Parsis to II 323

SD INDEX Gulf of Mexico, once linked to Sahara II 424

SD INDEX Gulf of Tartary II 327

SD INDEX Gull, Dr, attacks vitality theory I 540

TG Gullweig (Scand.). The personification of the "golden" ore. It is said in the Edda that during the Golden Age, when lust for gold and wealth was yet unknown to man, "when the gods played with golden disks, and no passion disturbed the rapture of mere existence", the whole earth was happy. But, no sooner does "Gullweig (Gold ore) the bewitching enchantress come, who, thrice cast into the fire, arises each time more beautiful than before, and fills the souls of gods and men with unappeasable longing", than all became changed. It is then that the Norns, the Past, Present and Future, entered into being, the blessed peace of childhood's dreams passed away and Sin came into existence with all its evil consequences. (Asgard and the Gods.)

MO Gullveig [[Norse]] (gull-vayg) [guld gold + veig drink or thirst] The soul's yearning for wisdom

SD INDEX Gultweig [Gullveig] (Norse), thrice purified gold or manas II 520

TG Gunas (Sk.). Qualities, attributes (See "Triguna"); a thread, also a cord.

FY Gunas, qualities, properties.

WG Guna, a quality, attribute; as a term in philosophy, one o the three pervading qualities of prakriti, matter, which specifically are: sattva, truth, purity; rajas, passional activity; tamas, darkness. (guna, a single thread of a cord.)

OG Gunas or Trigunas -- (Sanskrit) Differentiated matter is considered to possess or to have in occult philosophy three essential qualities or characteristics inherent in it, and their Sanskrit names are satva, rajas, and tamas. These three are the gunas or trigunas.

SKo Guna, Triguna, Sattva, Rajas, Tamas, Sattvika, Rajasa, Tamasa Guna is a word meaning 'a quality,' or 'a characteristic.' All Prakriti or all Nature possesses three basic qualities or Trigunas, those of Sattva, the quality of purity, truth, goodness, or substantial reality; Rajas, the quality of activity, passion, or desire; and Tamas, the quality of quiescence, darkness, ignorance, inertia, or immobility. Each one of these Trigunas has its good and its evil side; and each itself is threefold; hence there is a Sattva-sattva, a Rajas-sattva, and a Tamas-sattva; a Sattva-rajas, etc. These three qualities and their subdivisions may be traced in all visible and invisible things, and also in the actions of all living beings. When a man dies his Ego is in a Tamasa, a quiescent, state; when alive it is in a Rajasa state; while the divine-spiritual part of man, either during life or death, is in the Sattvika state. A wise man endeavors to express and live the highest aspects of all these three qualities.

Sattvika, Rajasa, and Tamasa are the Sanskrit adjectival forms of Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas.

SP Guna -- quality, one of three qualities of prakrti:

sattva [sattwa] -- clarity or purity
rajas -- passion or activity
tamas -- darkness or inertia.

SD INDEX Guna(m,s) (Skt)

agents of action & I 535
seven, composed of trigunas I 348
three, aspects of prakriti II 635
triple aspect of ahamkara I 335n


WGa Gunasamya, the state in which the qualities -- gunas -- are in equilibrium.

TG Gunavat (Sk.). That which is endowed with qualities.

FY Gunavat, endowed with qualities.

WG Gunavisesha, modifications or affections of the qualities.

MO Gunnlod [[Norse]] (gun-leud) Giantess who served mead to Odin in the mountain

SD INDEX Gupta Cave, storehouse of Brahmanical works I xxx

TG Gupta Vidya (Sk.). The same as Guhya Vidya; Esoteric or Secret Science; knowledge.

KT Gupta Vidya (Sans.) The same as Guhya Vidya. Esoteric or secret science, knowledge.

WG Gupta-vidya, guarded or secret knowledge. (gupta, hidden; vidya, knowledge.)

SKf Gupta-Vidya The Secret and Esoteric Wisdom of the ages, the fountain source of all Truth known to mankind. Gupta-Vidya is a compound of gupta -- hidden, derived from the verb-root gup -- to hide, to protect; and vidya -- wisdom, derived from the verb-root vid -- to know, to be wise.

SD INDEX Gupta-Vidya (Skt). See also Secret Doctrine

diagram of planes & worlds of I 200
Tara & initiate's powers of II 498
twentieth-century disciple will prove I xxxviii

SD INDEX Gupta-Vidya Sutra, fructifying of Universal Mother I 356


For a fuller description of this topic by articles, excerpts, and possibly further links; hyperlink to the Teachers, Disciples, and the Hierarchy of Compassion section of another site.

TG Guru (Sk.). "Spiritual Teacher; a master in metaphysical and ethical doctrines; used also for a teacher of any science.

VS Seek not for him [[guru]] who is to give thee birth (I 20) [[p. 7]] The Initiate who leads the disciple through the Knowledge given to him to his spiritual, or second, birth is called the Father guru or Master.

FY Guru, spiritual preceptor.

WG Guru, a spiritual parent or preceptor. (guru, weighty, important, worthy of honor.)

OG Guru -- (Sanskrit) Sometimes gurudeva, "master divine." The word used in the old Sanskrit scriptures for teacher, preceptor. According to the beautiful teachings of the ancient wisdom, the guru acts as the midwife bringing to birth, helping to bring into the active life of the chela, the spiritual and intellectual parts of the disciple -- the soul of the man. Thus the relationship between teacher and disciple is an extremely sacred one, because it is a tie which binds closely heart to heart, mind to mind. The idea is, again, that the latent spiritual potencies in the mind and heart of the learner shall receive such assistance in their development as the teacher can karmically give; but it does not mean that the teacher shall do the work that the disciple himself or herself must do. The learner or disciple must tread his own path, and the teacher cannot tread it for him. The teacher points the way, guides and aids, and the disciple follows the path.

GH Guru A Teacher, a Preceptor, especially one who imparts spiritual teachings to a disciple. (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 86)

SKv Guru, Gurudeva, Upadhyaya A Guru is a spiritual parent or spiritual preceptor. The word is derived from the verbal root guy -- to raise, to lift up. Guru may also be used for the Higher Self within, whose influence is ever inspiring and uplifting the learning human being. In order to express the sacredness and reverence felt by the pupil towards his spiritual guide, inner or outer, a Guru is often called Gurudeva, 'divine Teacher' or the guide and awakener of the divine life within. Another word used in ancient Hindu literature for a spiritual guide is Upadhyaya, a compound of upa -- according to, and the preposition adhi plus the verb-root i -- meaning in combination 'one who causes one to learn according to the Vedic scriptures or the wisdom-teachings.'

SP Guru -- teacher.

SD INDEX Guru(s) (Skt) II 32n, 45n, 109, 626n

above sex II 458
atma-buddhi is man's II 113
Brihaspati, of gods II 498-9
of the daityas II 31
Narada surpasses Garga's II 49
teach under banyan tree II 215


TG Guru Deva (Sk.). Lit., "divine Master".

SD INDEX Gurudeva(s) (Skt)

Catechism & I 120
dhyanis, angirasas or II 605n


OG Guru-parampara -- (Sanskrit) This is a compound formed of guru, meaning "teacher," and a subordinate compound param-para, the latter compound meaning "a row or uninterrupted series or succession." Hence guru-parampara signifies an uninterrupted series or succession of teachers. Every Mystery school or esoteric college of ancient times had its regular and uninterrupted series or succession of teacher succeeding teacher, each one passing on to his successor the mystical authority and headship he himself had received from his predecessor.

Like everything else of an esoteric character in the ancient world, the guru-parampara or succession of teachers faithfully copied what actually exists or takes place in nature herself, where a hierarchy with its summit or head is immediately linked on to a superior hierarchy as well as to an inferior one; and it is in this manner that the mystical circulations of the kosmos, and the transmission of life or vital currents throughout the fabric or web of being is assured.

From this ancient fact and teaching of the Mystery schools came the greatly distorted Apostolic Succession of the Christian Church, a pale and feeble reflection in merely ecclesiastical government of a fundamental spiritual and mystical reality. The great Brotherhood of the sages and seers of the world, which in fact is the association of the Masters of Wisdom and Compassion headed by the Maha-chohan, is the purest and most absolute form or example of the guru-parampara existing on our earth today. (See also Hermetic Chain)

SKf Guruparampara 'The Golden Chain of Hermes'; an uninterrupted succession of spiritual teachers one following another; a compound of guru -- teacher, and parampara -- one following the other. In the ancient Mystery-Schools, as in our own Theosophical Mystery-School, the Hierophant or Spiritual Guardian of the sacred teachings passed on his holy trust to another worthy one just as he had received it from the one before him. Another use of the word Guruparampara is the graded series of Divine Rulers ranging from the Hierophants of a Spiritual Center of Truth among men to the highest Divine Guardians of our Universe, and verily, even farther, beyond our ken.

SP Guru-parampara -- a succession or lineage of teachers.

SD INDEX Gyalugpas. See Gelukpas

TG Gyan-Ben-Gian (Pers.). The King of the Peris, the Sylphs, in the old mythology of Iran.

SD INDEX Gyan, Gnan [Jnana] (Skt), King of the Peris II 394

TG Gyges (Gr.). "The ring of Ages" has become a familiar metaphor in European literature. Gyges was a Lydian who, after murdering the King Candaules, married his widow. Plato tells us that Gyges descended once into a chasm of the earth and discovered a brazen horse, within whose open side was the skeleton of a man who had a brazen ring on his finger. This ring when placed on his own finger made him invisible.

KT Gyges. "The ring of Gyges" has become a familiar metaphor in European literature. Gyges was a Lydian, who, after murdering the King Candaules, married his widow. Plato tells us that Gyges descending once into a chasm of the earth, discovered a brazen horse, within whose opened side was the skeleton of a man of gigantic stature, who had a brazen ring on his finger. This ring when placed on his own finger made him invisible.


giant described by Hesiod II 775-6 &n
stands for polar continent II 776

SD INDEX Gyi (knowledge) I 279

MO Gylfe [[Norse]] (yil-veh) A legendary king and seeker of wisdom

MO Gymer [[Norse]] (yi-mayr) A giant: father of Gerd

TG Gymnosophists (Gr.). The name given by Hellenic writers to a class of naked or "air-clad" mendicants; ascetics in India: extremely learned and endowed with great mystic powers. It is easy to recognise in these gymnosophists the Hindu Arayaka of old, the learned yogis and ascetic philosophers who retired to the jungle and forest, there to reach, through great austerities, superhuman knowledge and experience.

TG Gyn (Tib.). Knowledge acquired under the tuition of an adept teacher or guru.

SD INDEX Gyu(t) (Tib), division of the Kanjur I 52n