COLLATION OF THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARIES

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List of Title Abbreviations (in alphabetical order)


TG T. -- The twentieth letter of the alphabet. In the Latin Alphabet its value was 160, and, with a dash over it signified 160,000. It is the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, the Tau whose equivalents are T, TH, and numerical value 400. Its symbols are as a tau, a cross +, the foundation framework of construction; and as a teth (T), the ninth letter, a snake and the basket of the Eleusinian mysteries.


TG Taaroa (Tah.). The creative power and chief god of the Tahitians.

SD INDEX Taaroa (Tahitian Creator) II 194


SD INDEX Tabernacle

curtain hiding, explained I 125
of man designed for a god II 302, 420
of Moses identical w Egyptian I 125, 347n, 391
priests of, & revelation II 455
Solomon's Temple based on I 314-15
square form & Cardinal points I 125, 347n
symbol based on Great Pyramid I 314-15


SD INDEX Tables. See Diagrams


SD INDEX Tables of Stone of Moses II 530


SD INDEX Tablets. See Babylonian, Chaldean


TG Tab-nooth (Heb.). Form; a Kabbalistic term.


SD INDEX Tabor. See Faber, G. S.


SD INDEX Tabula Smaragdina II 109. SeeDivine Pymander, Smaragdine Tablet


SD INDEX Tad (Skt) That. See Tat


TG Tad-aikya (Sk.). "Oneness"; identification or unity with the Absolute. The universal, unknowable Essence (Parabrahm) has no name in the Vedas but is referred to generally as Tad, "That".


SD INDEX Tadpole, foetus assumes shape of II 188


TG Tafne (Eg.). A goddess; daughter of the sun, represented with the head of a lioness.


SD INDEX T'Agathon. See Agathon


SD INDEX Tahiti(an)

creation of man fr dust II 193-4 &n
legends of Pacific continent II 223-4, 788
taller than average II 332


TG Tahmurath (Pers.). The Iranian Adam, whose steed was Simorgh Anke, the griffin-phoenix or infinite cycle. A repetition or reminiscence of Vishnu and Garuda.

SD INDEX Tahmurath [Teimuraz] (Pers) legend of II 397-9


TG Tahor (Heb.). Lit., Mundus, the world; a name given to the Deity, which identification indicates a belief in Pantheism.


TG Taht Esmun (Eg.). The Egyptian Adam; the first human ancestor.

SD INDEX Taht [Taat]-Esmun (Egy) Moon-god

eighth sphere or I 227n
seven souls of I 227n; II 633


SD INDEX al-Taifashi, Ahmad ibn Yusuf, Book of the Various Names of the Nile . . ., on the nature of Seth II 366

SEE ALSO; AL-etcetera


TG Taijasi (Sk.). The radiant, flaming -- from Tejas "fire"; used sometimes to designate the Manasa-rupa, the "thought-body", and also the stars.

KT Taijas (Sans.) From tejas "fire"; meaning the "radiant," the "luminous," and referring to the manasa rupa, "the body of Manas," also to the stars, and the star-like shining envelopes. A term in Vedanta philosophy, having other meanings besides the Occult signification just given.

WG Taijasi, bright, luminous, brilliant; in Vedanta philosophy, the "radiant one," i.e., manas illuminated by atma-buddhi.

WGa Taijasi, illuminated, radiant. From Tejas -- Fire. See Manasa- Taijasi.


SD INDEX Tail(s)

in caduceus I 549
of comet I 203, 504, 606
dragon's, or moon's nodes I 403
Great Dragon's II 351, 484-5
in human foetus II 685
peacock's, or sidereal heavens II 619
rudimentary, of man II 681
serpent swallowing I 65, 74, 253n, 291, 642; II 504-5


SD INDEX Taimuraz. See Tahmurath


SD INDEX Taine, H. A., History of English Literature, antiquity of civilization II 334


TG Tairyagyonya (Sk.). The fifth creation, or rather the fifth stage of creation, that of the lower animals, reptiles, etc. (See "Tiryaksrotas".)

SD INDEX Tairyagyonya or Tiryaksrotas (Skt) Animal Creation

archebiosis begins in I 455
both primary & secondary I 455n
creation of animals & monsters II 162
fifth or sacred animal creation I 446, 455-6


SD INDEX Tait, P. G. See Stewart &; also Thomson &


TG Taittriya (Sk.). A Brahmana of the Yajur Veda.

SD INDEX Taittiriya Brahmana. See alsoAitareya Brahmana

asuras fr Brahma-Prajapati (Aitareya in tx) II 500
Kama son of dharma II 176


SD INDEX Taittiriya Upanishad, intelligence, ether, air, elements I 330


SD INDEX Taka-mi-musubi-no-kami (Jap) offspring of Heaven & Earth I 214


OG Tala -- (Sanskrit) A word which is largely used in the metaphysical systems of India, both in contrast and at the same time in conjunction with loka. As the general meaning of loka is "place" or rather "world," so the general meaning of tala is "inferior world." Every loka has as its twin or counterpart a corresponding tala. Wherever there is a loka there is an exactly correspondential tala, and in fact the tala is the nether pole of its corresponding loka. Lokas and talas, therefore, in a way of speaking, may be considered to be the spiritual and the material aspects or substance-principles of the different worlds which compose and in fact are the kosmic universe. It is impossible to separate a tala from its corresponding loka -- quite as impossible as it would be to separate the two poles of electricity. The number of talas as generally outlined in the exoteric philosophies of Hindustan is usually given as seven, there being thus seven lokas and seven talas; but, as a matter of fact, this number varies. If we may speak of a loka as the spiritual pole, we may likewise call it the principle of any world; and correspondentially when we speak of the tala as being the negative or inferior pole, it is quite proper also to refer to it as the element of its corresponding loka or principle. Hence, the lokas of a hierarchy may be called the principles of a hierarchy, and the talas, in exactly the same way, may be called the elements or substantial or material aspects of the hierarchy.

It should likewise be remembered that all the seven lokas and all the seven talas are continuously and inextricably interblended and interworking; and that the lokas and the talas working together form the universe and its various subordinate hierarchies that encompass us around. The higher lokas with the higher talas are the forces or energies and substantial parts of the spiritual and ethereal worlds; the lowest lokas and their corresponding talas form the forces or energies and substantial parts of the physical world surrounding us; and the intermediate lokas with their corresponding talas form the respective energies and substantial parts of the intermediate or ethereal realms. Briefly, therefore, we may speak of a tala as the material aspect of the world where it predominates, just as when speaking of a loka we may consider it to be the spiritual aspect of the world where it predominates. Every loka, it should be always remembered, is coexistent with and cannot be separated from its corresponding tala on the same plane. As an important deduction from the preceding observations, be it carefully noted that man's own constitution as an individual from the highest to the lowest is a hierarchy of its own kind, and therefore man himself as such a subordinate hierarchy is a composite entity formed of lokas and talas inextricably interworking and intermingled. In this subordinate hierarchy called man live and evolve vast armies, hosts, multitudes, of living entities, monads in this inferior stage of their long evolutionary peregrination, and which for convenience and brevity of expression we may class under the general term of life-atoms.

SEE ALSO; LOKA


TG Talapoin (Siam.). A Buddhist monk and ascetic in Siam; some of these ascetics are credited with great magic powers.


SD INDEX Talbot, M. G., Bamian statues pre-Buddhist II 339


SD INDEX Tales of Derbent, Simorgh & the good Khalif II 397


SD INDEX Taley [Dalai] (Tib) II 502n. See Dalai Lama


SD INDEX Taliesin (Cymric Bard), serpent, Druid II 380


TG Talisman. From the Arabic tilism or tilsam, a "magic image". An object, whether in stone, metal, or sacred wood; often a piece of parchment filled with characters and images traced under certain planetary influences in magical formulae, given by one versed in occult sciences to one unversed, either with the object of preserving him from evil, or for the accomplishment of certain desires. The greatest virtue and efficacy of the talisman, however, resides in the faith of its possessor: not because of the credulity of the latter, or that it possesses no virtue, but because faith is a quality endowed with a most potent creative power; and therefore -- unconsciously to the believer -- intensifies a hundredfold the power originally imparted to the talisman by its maker.

SD INDEX Talisman(s)

porcelain, (Mackey) II 436
preparation of, (Nabatheans) II 455n
primitive cross II 557, 588
serpent I 410


SD INDEX Tallies (Nallies in tx) show writing among early men II 729


TG Talmidai Hakhameem (Heb.). A class of mystics and Kabbalists whom the Zohar calls "Disciples of the Wise", and who were Sarisim or voluntary eunuchs, becoming such for spiritual motives. (See Matthew xix., 11-12, a passage implying the laudation of such an act.)


TG Talmud (Heb.). Rabbinic Commentaries on the Jewish faith. It is composed of two parts, the older Mishnah, and the more modern Gemara. Hebrews, who call the Pentateuch the written law, call the Talmud the unwritten or oral law. [W.W.W.] The Talmud contains the civil and canonical laws of the Jews, who claim a great sanctity for it. For, save the above-stated difference between the Pentateuch and the Talmud, the former, they say, can claim no priority over the latter, as both were received simultaneously by Moses on Mount Sinai from Jehovah, who wrote the one and delivered the other orally.

SD INDEX Talmud

age of II 454
Angel of Death is Satan II 385
axiom fr II 118
degraded Jewish symbols II 459n, 618
describes Lilith as charming II 262
dragon Prince of Waters in II 505
forbids cursing Adversary II 477-8
highest deity not a creator I 439 &n
Lord rebuking Satan II 478 &n
Macro-, Microprosopus I 350
Mikael, Prince of Water I 459; II 505
Paul (Saul) "little one" II 504
St Michael called God II 478
Samael, serpent, demon I 417
Satan, Samael, evil spirit II 388
spurned by Sadducees I 320-1n
thaumaturgists mentioned I xliiin


SD INDEX Talmudic Jews, Talmudists

altered Jewish faith I 320
lost rounds, races teaching II 618
Midrashim &, differ re Enoch II 532
non-initiated II 618
profaned nature's symbols II 471


SD INDEX Tam (Tamil), same as Thomas, Athamas II 135


FY Tama, indifference, dulness.


TG Tamala Pattra (Sk.). Stainless, pure, sage-like. Also the name of a leaf of the Laurus Cassia, a tree regarded as having various very occult and magical properties.


TG Tamarisk, or Erica. A sacred tree in Egypt of great occult virtues. Many of the temples were surrounded with such trees, pre-eminently one at Philae, sacred among the sacred, as the body of Osiris was supposed to lie buried under it.


TG Tamas (Sk.). The quality of darkness, "foulness" and inertia; also of ignorance, as matter is blind. A term used in metaphysical philosophy. It is the lowest of the three gunas or fundamental qualities.

FY Tamas, ignorance or darkness.

WG Tamas, darkness; the gloom of hell; a division of hell; mental darkness, constituting one of the five forms of avidya -- ignorance -- in the Sankhya philosophy; the lowest of the three qualities of matter. (See Guna, also Tamoguna.)

OG Tamas -- (Sanskrit) One of the three gunas or qualities or essential attributes of manifested beings and things. Tamas is the quality of darkness, illusion, ignorance; it also means, in a quite different sense, quiescence, passivity, repose, rest, inertia. It becomes immediately obvious from the distinctions that these two series of words show, that there is both a good and an evil side to tamas, just as indeed there is a good and evil side to rajas, and even to sattva. The condition of manifested existence in the state of cosmic pralaya is in one sense of the word the tamasic condition, signifying quiescence or rest. When the universe is in the stage of active manvantaric manifestation, we may in a generalizing sense say that the universe is in the rajasic state or condition; and that aspect of the universe which we may call the divine-spiritual, whether in the universe itself or in the manvantara or in the pralaya of a globe, can be spoken of as the sattvic state or condition. From these observations it should be evident that the three gunas -- sattva, rajas, tamas -- not only can exist contemporaneously and coincidently, but actually do so exist, and that in fact the three are inextricably interblended. They are really three phases or conditions of imbodied consciousnesses, and each has its noble and each its "evil" side.

GH Tamas One of the three gunas -- essential attributes or characteristics of manifested beings and things: the quality of darkness, illusion, ignorance. In a different sense Tamas also means passivity, repose, inertia. (See Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. chapters xiv and xviii.) (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 41)

SD INDEX Tamas, Tamasa (Skt) darkness, inertia

dullness, insensibility I 330
Hindus called elements I 332
one of the trigunas I 348
sattva, rajas & I 535
spiritual darkness I 373
stagnant I 335n

SEE ALSO; GUNA, TAMOGUNA


SD INDEX Tamasa (Skt, Thamasa in tx), a Manu II 309


WG Tamasha, show, display; trick, jugglery, performance of phenomena.


SD INDEX Tamaz [or Athamaz] same as Adam Kadmon II 44


SD INDEX Tamial [Tamiel] taught astronomy (Enoch) II 376


SD INDEX Tamil

edition of Bagavadam [Bhagavata Purana] II 620
works on Atlantis, Lemuria II 326


SD INDEX Tamil Calendar, Tirukkanda Panchanga II 51n, 67-70


WG Tamisra, gloom; darkness of mind, illusion.


TG Tammuz (Syr.). A Syrian deity worshipped by idolatrous Hebrews as well as by Syrians. The women of Israel held annual lamentations over Adonis (that beautiful youth being identical with Tammuz). The feast held in his honour was solstitial, and began with the new moon, in the month of Tammuz (July), taking place chiefly at Byblos in Phoenicia; but it was also celebrated as late as the fourth century of our era at Bethlehem, as we find St. Jerome writing (Epistles p. 49) his lamentations in these words: "Over Bethlehem, the grove of Tammuz, that is of Adonis, was casting its shadow! And in the grotto where formerly the infant Jesus cried, the lover of Venus was being mourned." Indeed, in the Mysteries of Tammuz or Adonis a whole week was spent in lamentations and mourning. The funereal processions were succeeded by a fast, and later by rejoicings; for after the fast Adonis-Tammuz was regarded as raised from the dead, and wild orgies of joy, of eating and drinking, as now in Easter week, went on uninterruptedly for several days.


PV Tamoanchan "Place of the Hawk and the Serpent." The ancestral homeland of the Mayas, which was the Pacific coast of Guatemala. The mythological place of origin of the Mayas, where the hawk brought the blood of the serpent from the sea, to knead with the maize which entered into the formation of man of the Fourth Age.


WG Tamoguna, the lowest of the three qualities of nature, predominating in earth and water, and in human beings productive of sloth, indifference and inaction. (tamas, darkness; guna, quality.)


SD INDEX Tamra (Skt), wife of Kasyapa II 181


TG Tamra-Parna (Sk.). Ceylon, the ancient Taprobana.


TG Tamti (Chald.). A goddess, the same as Belita. Tamti-Belita is the personified Sea, the mother of the City of Erech, the Chaldean Necropolis. Astronomically, Tamti is Astoreth or Istar, Venus.


SD INDEX Tamtu (Assyr, Damti in tx) the sea Belita, Eve or II 463


TG Tanaim (Heb.). Jewish Initiates, very learned Kabbalists in ancient times. The Talmud contains sundry legends about them and gives the chief names among them.


SD INDEX Tanais River [now the Don] II 773


TG Tanga-Tango (Peruv.). An idol much reverenced by the Peruvians. It is the symbol of the Triune or the Trinity, "One in three, and three in One", and existed before our era.


TG Tanha (Pali). The thirst for life. Desire to live and clinging to life on this earth. This clinging is that which causes rebirth or reincarnation.

VS Kill love of life, but if thou slayest tanha (I 34) [[p. 13]] Tanha "the will to live," the fear of death and love for life, that force or energy which causes the rebirths.

VS Tanha's (III 30) [[p. 69]] Tanha, the will to live, that which causes rebirth.

FY Tanha, thirst; desire for life; that which produces re-birth.

WG Tanha, desire; the will to live; thirst for life.

OG Tanha -- (Pali) A word familiar in Buddhism and signifying the "thirst" for material life. It is this thirst or yearning to return to familiar scenes that brings the reincarnating ego back to earth-life -- and this yearning is more effectual as an individual cause for reincarnation, perhaps, than all else. (See also Trishna)

SKo Tanha (Pali) Literally 'thirst.' Philosophically Tanha is that thirst for physical life, for sensation, which is one of the causes of reincarnation. The Buddhists believe Tanha to be the source of sorrow in the world, and they consider one who has freed himself of Tanha to be an Arhat, a spiritual Initiate.

SD INDEX Tanha (Pali) thirst for life of lower, personal selves II 109-10


TG Tanjur (Tib.). A collection of Buddhist works translated from the Sanskrit into Tibetan and Mongolian. It is the more voluminous canon, comprising 225 large volumes on miscellaneous subjects. The Kanjur, which contains the commandments or the "Word of the Buddha", has only 108 volumes.

SD INDEX Tanjur (Tib Buddhist canon) 225 volumes of I xxvii


TG Tanmatras (Sk.). The types or rudiments of the five Elements; the subtile essence of these, devoid of all qualities and identical with the properties of the five basic Elements -- earth, water, fire, air and ether; i.e., the tanmatras are, in one of their aspects, smell, taste, touch, sight, and hearing.

FY Tanmatras, the subtile elements, the abstract counterpart of the five elements, earth, water, fire, air and ether, consisting of smell, taste, feeling, sight and sound.

WG Tan-matra, a subtle element, or rudiment of elementary matter, of which five are popularly enumerated, viz: sabda, sparsa, rupa, rasa and gandha, from which are produced the five gross elements. (tat, that; matra, element.)

SKs Tanmatra, Sabda, Sparsa, Rupa, Rasa, Gandha Tanmatra literally means 'merely that,' 'only a trifle'; a compound of tat -- that, and matra -- trifle, or a unit of measure. The five Tanmatras are the 'rudimentary elements' from which the 'gross elements' or Mahabhutas of earth, water, air, fire, and aether arise. These five Tanmatras are Sabda -- sound, Sparsa -- touch, Rupa -- form or sight, Rasa -- taste, and Gandha -- smell. Sabda gives birth to Aether, Sparsa to Fire, Rupa to air, Rasa to taste, and Gandha to earth.

SD INDEX Tanmatras (Skt) rudimentary elements

five, Mahat & ahankara I 256n, 335; II 639
noumenoi of elements I 536n, 572n
rays of the Logos I 572n
rejected by Hopkins I 334
release from, leads to highest goal I 572
in Sankhya I 335
Second Creation & I 452, 454


SD INDEX Tannaim (Heb), initiated teachers I 202; II 469


SD INDEX Tantalus (Gk) revealed secrets, punished II 396


TG Tantra (Sk.). Lit., "rule or ritual". Certain mystical and magical works, whose chief peculiarity is the worship of the female power, personified in Sakti. Devi or Durga (Kali, Siva's wife) is the special energy connected with sexual rites and magical powers -- the worst form of black magic or sorcery.

FY Tantras, works on Magic.

WG Tantra, a religious or magical treatise. The Tantras are very numerous in India, and are usually in the form of a dialogue between Siva and Durga. They comprise five subjects, viz,: the creation; the destruction of the world; the worship of the gods; the attainment of all objects, especially the six mystic yoga powers; the four methods of attaining union with the Supreme Spirit. Though many of them contain noble philosophy, the practice, by uninitiated persons, of the rites and formularies contained in the Tantras leads invariably to black magic.

OG Tantra(s) -- (Sanskrit) A word literally meaning a "loom" or the warp or threads in a loom, and, by extension of meaning, signifying a rule or ritual for ceremonial rites. The Hindu Tantras are numerous works or religious treatises teaching mystical and magical formulae or formularies for the attainment of magical or quasi-magical powers, and for the worship of the gods. They are mostly composed in the form of dialogs between Siva and his divine consort Durga, these two divinities being the peculiar objects of the adoration of the Tantrins. In many parts of India the authority of the Tantras seems almost to have superseded the clean and poetical hymns of the Vedas. Most tantric works are supposed to contain five different subjects: (1) the manifestation or evolution of the universe; (2) its destruction; (3) the worship or adoration of the divinities; (4) the achievement or attainment of desired objects and especially of six superhuman faculties; (5) modes or methods of union, usually enumerated as four, with the supreme divinity of the kosmos by means of contemplative meditation.

Unfortunately, while there is much of interest in the tantric works, their tendency for long ages has been distinctly towards what in occultism is known as sorcery or black magic. Some of the rites or ceremonies practiced have to do with revolting details connected with sex. Durga, the consort of Siva, his sakti or energy, is worshiped by the Tantrins as a distinct personified female power. The origin of the Tantras unquestionably goes back to a very remote antiquity, and there seems to be little doubt that these works, or their originals, were heirlooms handed down from originally debased or degenerate Atlantean racial offshoots. There is, of course, a certain amount of profoundly philosophical and mystical thought running through the more important tantric works, but the tantric worship in many cases is highly licentious and immoral.

SKv Tantra, Tantrika, Sakti, Sakta Tantra is a word meaning rite or ritual. The Tantras are religious scriptures which give instruction in regard to magical rites and ceremonies to be performed for the attainment of certain powers and desires. These writings are in the form of a dialog between the god Siva and his Sakti or feminine aspect, often called in popular Hinduism his divine consort. These Saktis of the gods of Hindu myths are simply the symbolic presentations of the manifested aspects of a divinity, its energies, qualities, and powers. The Saktis or wives of the gods of the Hindu pantheon, esoterically explained, are the 'active spiritual powers of these gods. Sakti is derived from the verb-root sak -- to be able. This symbol of the feminine aspect of the gods has been degraded into a personal feminine divinity, and worship and ceremonies of an immoral character are practised by many who call themselves Tantrikas or followers of the Tantras. Tantrika is the adjectival form of Tantra. A Sakta, the adjectival form of Sakti, is a worshiper of Sakti or the feminine personification of Siva. The Saktas, Vaishnavas, and Saivas are known as the three principal sects of modern Hinduism. Some of the Tantrika works contain mystical and occult philosophical teachings, but they are veiled in symbolism. The material of these magical treatises could very likely be traced back to Atlantean times when magic, white and black, was prevalent. Sakti has also been interpreted as follows: Mulaprakriti, or root-matter, or Universal Mother-stuff, develops into three different aspects: Prakriti, that fundamental part of matter which gives birth to manifested things; Sakti, the driving power or force of matter; and Maya, that portion of matter which gives rise to illusion.

SP Tantra -- literally "a text," specifically a class of esoteric Hindu or Buddhist texts dealing with ritual, yogic, and magical practices.

SEE ALSO; TANTRA


TG Tantrika (Sk.). Ceremonies connected with the above worship. Sakti having a two-fold nature, white and black, good and bad, the Saktas are divided into two classes, the Dakshinacharis and Vamacharis, or the right-hand and the left-hand Saktas, i.e., "white" and "black" magicians. The worship of the latter is most licentious and immoral.

FY Tantrika, ceremonies connected with the worship of the goddess Sakti, who typifies Force.

WG Tantrika, one versed in the Tantras; also, a black magician.

OG Tantrik or Tantrika -- (Sanskrit) The adjective corresponding to tantra. This adjective, however, is sometimes employed to signify one who is deeply versed in some study -- a scholar; but more particularly the adjective concerns the Tantras and the doctrines contained in them.

SP Tantrika -- the adjective for tantra, or a follower of tantric practices.

SD INDEX Tantrik [c] (Skt), five makaras II 579

SD INDEX Tantrika(s) (Skt)

of Bengal & Moon I 156
mahavidya now degenerated into I 169


TG Tao (Chin.). The name of the philosophy of Lao-tze.

SD INDEX Tao (Gnostic). See Iao


TG Taoer (Eg.). The female Typhon, the hippopotamus, called also Ta-ur, Ta-op-oer, etc.; she is the Thoueris of the Greeks. This wife of Typhon was represented as a monstrous hippopotamus, sitting on her hind legs with a knife in one hand and the sacred knot in the other (the pasa of Siva). Her back was covered with the scales of a crocodile, and she had a crocodile's tail. She is also called Teb, whence the name of Typhon is also, sometimes, Tebh. On a monument of the sixth dynasty she is called "the nurse of the gods". She was feared in Egypt even more than Typhon. (See "Typhon".)


SD INDEX Taoists

seven jewels of I 173
used circles as symbols II 554


SD INDEX Tao-sse. See also Lao-tzbu

sacred scriptures of I xxv


TG Tao-teh-king (Chin.). Lit., "The Book of the Perfectibility of Nature" written by the great philosopher Lao-tze. It is a kind of cosmogony which contains all the fundamental tenets of Esoteric Cosmogenesis. Thus he says that in the beginning there was naught but limitless and boundless Space. All that lives and is, was born in it, from the "Principle which exists by Itself, developing Itself from Itself", i.e., Swabhavat. As its name is unknown and its essence is unfathomable, philosophers have called it Tao (Anima Mundi), the uncreate, unborn and eternal energy of nature, manifesting periodically. Nature as well as man when it reaches purity will reach rest, and then all become one with Tao, which is the source of all bliss and felicity. As in the Hindu and Buddhistic philosophies, such purity and bliss and immortality can only be reached through the exercise of virtue and the perfect quietude of our worldly spirit; the human mind has to control and finally subdue and even crush the turbulent action of man's physical nature; and the sooner he reaches the required degree of moral purification, the happier he will feel. (See Annales du Musee Guimet, Vols. XI. and XII.; Etudes sur la Religion des Chinois, by Dr. Groot.) As the famous Sinologist, Pauthier, remarked: "Human Wisdom can never use language more holy and profound".

SD INDEX Tao-teh-ching. See Lao-tzu

SEE ALSO; LAO-TZE, TAO


TG Tapas (Sk.). "Abstraction", "meditation". "To perform tapas" is to sit for contemplation. Therefore ascetics are often called Tapasas.

WG Tapas, burning, heat; self-castigation, asceticism; devotion.

SD INDEX Tapas (Skt) [heat, devout exercises], Sanjna practiced II 174


TG Tapasa-taru (Sk.). The Sesamum Orientale, a tree very sacred among the ancient ascetics of China and Tibet.


TG Tapasvi (Sk.). Ascetics and anchorites of every religion, whether Buddhist, Brahman, or Taoist.

WG Tapasvin, an ascetic, one who practices religious austerities.


WGa Tapasya, asceticism, worship, devotion, silent meditation.



TG Taphos (Gr.). Tomb, the sarcophagus placed in the Adytum and used for purposes of initiation.

SD INDEX Taphos (Gk) tomb, placed in adytum II 459


SD INDEX Tapirs, prehistoric bones of, in France II 277


TG Tapo-loka (Sk.). The domain of the fire-devas named Vairajas. It is known as the "world of the seven sages", and also "the realm of penance". One of the Shashta-loka (six worlds) above our own, which is the seventh.

SD INDEX Tapo-Loka [Taparloka] (Skt), one of seven dvipas II 321


TG Tara (Sk.). The wife of Brihaspati (Jupiter), carried away by King Soma, the Moon, an act which led to the war of the Gods with the Asuras. Tara personifies mystic knowledge as opposed to ritualistic faith. She is the mother (by Soma) of Buddha, "Wisdom".

SD INDEX Tara or Taraka (Skt)

Budha son of II 45, 138, 456, 498
"Helen of Hindus," causes war II 498-9
initiation of, by Soma II 499
prefers esoteric truths II 45n
War explained II 497-500
wife of Brihaspati II 45, 138


SD INDEX Taradaitya (Skt)

demon II 404
lived on seventh stage II 407n
white devil of Puranas II 403


TG Taraka (Sk.). Described as a Danava or Daitya, i.e., a "Giant-Demon", whose superhuman austerities as a yogi made the gods tremble for their power and supremacy. Said to have been killed by Karttikeya. (See Secret Doctrine, II., 382.)

SD INDEX Taraka (Skt)

demon & his austerities II 382 &n
slain by Karttikeya II 382-3, 549n, 619


SD INDEX Taraka-Jit (Skt) title of Karttikeya, vanquisher of Taraka II 382, 619


TG Tarakamaya (Sk.). The first war in Heaven through Tara.

SD INDEX Tarakamaya (Skt) War in Heaven I 418; II 45, 63, 384n


TG Taraka Raja Yoga (Sk.). One of the Brahminical Yoga systems for the development of purely spiritual powers and knowledge which lead to Nirvana.

KT Taraka Raj Yoga (Sans.) One of the Brahmanical Yoga systems, the most philosophical, and in fact the most secret of all, as its real tenets are never given out publicly. It is a purely intellectual and spiritual school of training.

FY Taraka Yog, one of the Brahmanical systems for the development of psychic powers and attainment of spiritual knowledge.

SKs Taraka-Raja-Yoga, Karanopadhi, Sukshmopadhi, Sthulopadhi The Taraka-Raja-Yoga School is one of the most philosophical and most esoteric of the Brahmanical Yoga systems. Taraka is derived from the causative form of the verb-root tri -- to cross; hence it means 'to cause to pass 'to liberate.' This School trains its disciples along those purely intellectual and spiritual lines which lead to the highest states of consciousness known to man. According to their teachings man is divided into Atman or Divinity and its three bases called Upadhis.

The Karanopadhi is the vehicle of the child of Atman, the Causal or Spiritual Monad, and corresponds with Buddhi and the Anandamaya-kosa; a compound of karana, derived from the causative form of the verb-root kri -- to do, hence 'that which causes to do or act'; and upadhi -- base. The Sukshmopadhi is the subtil or fine vehicle comprised of the lower mind and the desire principle, and corresponds to the union of Lower Manas and Kama, or to the combination of Vijnanamaya-kosa and Manomaya-kosa; a compound of sukshma -- fine, and upadhi. The Sthulopadhi is composed of vitality, astral body, and physical body, and corresponds to the lower triad of man's constitution, and to the combination of the Pranamaya-kosa and Annamaya-kosa.

The Sthulopadhi is used by humans while in the conscious waking state, the Sukshmopadhi in the sleeping-dreaming state, and the Karanopadhi in the deep dreaming state. The Karanopadhi is that body which lasts from life to life. Each one of these three Upadhis is dual in aspect, each has its consciousness-side and its vehicle-side; hence they correspond, together with Atman, to the seven principles in man. H. P. Blavatsky describes this division of man's constitution as the best for practical purposes, and further states: Though there are seven principles in man, there are but three distinct Upadhis (bases), in each of which his Atma may work independently of the rest. These three Upadhis can be separated by an Adept without killing himself. He cannot separate the seven principles from each other without destroying his constitution. -- The Secret Doctrine, I, 158

SD INDEX Taraka Raja-Yoga (Skt)

division of man's principles I 157-8
three upadhis enough for II 592-3n, 603

SEE ALSO; YOGA


SD INDEX Taramaya. See Tarakamaya


SD INDEX Tarana (Skt), Hindu year 1887 II 68


SD INDEX [Tardy, Joseph], Cosmographie . . ., could the Earth fall I 502


TG Targum (Chald.). Lit., "Interpretation", from the root targem, to interpret. Paraphrases of Hebrew Scriptures. Some of the Targums are very mystical, the Aramaic (or Targumatic) language being used all through the Zohar and other Kabbalistic works. To distinguish this language from the Hebrew, called the "face" of the sacred tongue, it is referred to as ahorayim, the "back part", the real meaning of which must be read between the lines, according to certain methods given to students. The Latin word tergum, "back", is derived from the Hebrew or rather Aramaic and Chaldean targum. The Book of Daniel begins in Hebrew, and is fully comprehensible till chap. ii., v. 4, when the Chaldees (the Magician-Initiates) begin speaking to the king in Aramaic -- not in Syriac, as mistranslated in the Protestant Bible. Daniel speaks in Hebrew before interpreting the king's dream to him; but explains the dream itself (chap. vii.) in Aramaic. "So in Ezra iv., v. and vi., the words of the kings being there literally quoted, all matters connected therewith are in Aramaic", says Isaac Myer in his Qabbalah. The Targumim are of different ages, the latest already showing signs of the Massoretic or vowel-system, which made them still more full of intentional blinds. The precept of the Pirke Aboth (c.i., 1), "Make a fence to the Thorah" (law), has indeed been faithfully followed in the Bible as in the Targumim; and wise is he who would interpret either correctly, unless he is an old Occultist-Kabbalist.


SD INDEX Targum of Jonathan, King of Ai crucified II 558


SD INDEX Targum of Onkelos, crucified against the Sun II 558


SD INDEX Tarija (Ecuador) giants of, warred w gods & men II 754


SD INDEX Tarim (Turkestan desert)

once many cities in I xxivn, xxxii
subterranean libraries in I xxivn


SD INDEX Tartars [or Tatars], astronomical tables of I 658-9


SD INDEX Tartarus (Gk) lowest hell. See also Hades

Atlas legend & II 762
imprisoned giants in II 776
Prometheus hurled into II 525


SD INDEX Tashi (Panchen) Lama (Tib, Teschu in tx)

Chenresi incarnates in II 178
incarnation of Amitabha I 471


TG Tashilhumpa (Tib.). The great centre of monasteries and colleges, three hours' walk from Tchigadze, the residence of the Teshu Lama for details of whom see "Panchen Rimboche". It was built in 1445 by the order of Tson-kha-pa.


SD INDEX Tasmania(ns)

became sterile II 196
descend fr Lemuro-Atlanteans II 195, 195-6n
lost continent fr India to II 221, 324
now extinct II 332
race apart (Broca, Virey) II 725


TG Tassissudun (Tib.). Lit., "the holy city of the doctrine"; inhabited, nevertheless, by more Dugpas than Saints. It is the residential capital in Bhutan of the ecclesiastical Head of the Bhons -- the Dharma Raja. The latter, though professedly a Northern Buddhist, is simply a worshipper of the old demon-gods of the aborigines, the nature-sprites or elementals, worshipped in the land before the introduction of Buddhism. All strangers are prevented from penetrating into Eastern or Great Tibet, and the few scholars who venture on their travels into those forbidden regions, are permitted to penetrate no further than the border-lands of the land of Bod. They journey about Bhutan, Sikkhim, and elsewhere on the frontiers of the country, but can learn or know nothing of true Tibet; hence, nothing of the true Northern Buddhism or Lamaism of Tsong-kha-pa. And yet, while describing no more than the rites and beliefs of the Bhons and the travelling Shamans, they assure the world they are giving it the pure Northern Buddhism, and comment on its great fall from its pristine purity!


SD INDEX Taste I 96, 251, 535-6. See also Senses

related to senses & elements II 107


TG Tat (Eg.). An Egyptian symbol: an upright round standard tapering toward the summit, with four cross-pieces placed on the top. It was used as an amulet. The top part is a regular equilateral cross. This, on its phallic basis, represented the two principles of creation, the male and the female, and related to nature and cosmos; but when the tat stood by itself, crowned with the atf (or atef), the triple crown of Horus -- two feathers with the uraeus in front -- it represented the septenary man; the cross, or the two cross-pieces, standing for the lower quaternary, and the atf for the higher triad. As Dr. Birch well remarks: "The four horizontal bars . . . represent the four foundations of all things, the tat being an emblem of stability".

SD INDEX Tat (Egy). See also Thoth

Apophis bound on, or tau II 588n
emblem of stability II 557
Seth, Thoth (Hermes), or II 380, 530


WG Tat, that, the Absolute.

OG Tat -- (Sanskrit) A pronominal neuter particle which is often used as a noun having the signification THAT. By this word the Vedic sages and archaic scriptural writers of India described the unutterable principle from which all in a single kosmic universe sprang, contrasting it with the pronominal particle idam, meaning "this" and signifying the manifested universe. (See also Parabrahman)

GH Tat (also Tad) The word used by Vedic sages to represent that which is beyond expression, the unnameable principle -- rendered THAT -- in contradistinction to the manifested world, Idam (This). (The neuter form of a pronominal particle used as a noun. Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 119)

SKo Tat A pronoun meaning 'that.' The Vedic Sages often used Tat as a noun to express the Boundless, the All, or that Infinite Unutterable Principle from which all in the Kosmos sprang. They would ask of their disciples: "Kas twam asi?", "Who art thou?", and then instructed them: "Tat twam asi" "THAT (the Boundless), thou art." The ancient wisdom teaches that we are children of the Boundless, therefore we have all within us that the Boundless contains; and it is evolution through all the spheres of life that will in time bring this forth.

SP Tat -- literally "that," the indescribable reality, in contrast to idam, literally "this," the manifested universe.

SD INDEX Tat, Tad (Skt) That. See also Boundless, Kalahansa, Parabrahman, That

all that is, was, or will be I 545
unrevealed abstract Deity I 77


TG Tathagata (Sk.). "One who is like the coming"; he who is, like his predecessors (the Buddhas) and successors, the coming future Buddha or World-Saviour. One of the titles of Gautama Buddha, and the highest epithet, since the first and the last Buddhas were the direct immediate avatars of the One Deity.

VS he who has followed in the footsteps of his predecessors [[Tathagata]] (III 15) [[p. 57]] "One who walks in the steps of his predecessors" or "those who came before him," is the true meaning of the name Tathagata.

WG Tathagata, a name of Buddha -- used in his discourses when he speaks of himself. (Literally, "going the same way [[as his predecessors.]]")

SKv Tathagata Tathagata is a compound that may be interpreted in two ways: tatha -- thus, plus gata -- gone; or tatha -- thus, plus agata -- come. Hence we find this descriptive title given to the Buddhas because they come in a serial line through the ages and carry on the lofty spiritual work undertaken by those who have gone before, their predecessors.

SP Tathagata -- a title for a Buddha, meaning literally either "he who comes thus" or "he who goes thus"; what the Buddha calls himself in the Buddhist texts.

SD INDEX Tathagata (Skt) ["thus gone," epithet of Buddha], Lord, & Bamian statues II 339


TG Tathagatagupta (Sk.). Secret or concealed Tathagata, or the "guardian" protecting Buddhas: used of the Nirmanakayas.


SD INDEX Tatoo [Tattu] (Egy), erection of Tat in II 588n


TG Tattwa (Sk.). Eternally existing "That"; also, the different principles in Nature, in their occult meaning. Tattwa Samasa is a work of Sankhya philosophy attributed to Kapila himself. Also the abstract principles of existence or categories, physical and metaphysical. The subtle elements -- five exoterically, seven in esoteric philosophy -- which are correlative to the five and the seven senses on the physical plane; the last two senses are as yet latent in man, but will be developed in the two last root-races.

FY Tatwa, eternally existing "that;" the different principles in Nature.

WG Tattva, truth, reality as opposed to illusion. The Sankhya system has twenty-five tattvas, viz.: avyakta, buddhi, ahankara, the five tan-matras, the five maha-bhutas, the eleven organs and purusha. The Mahesvaras enumerate five tattvas, corresponding with the five elements. In Vedantic philosophy tattva is called maha-vakya, "the great word," by which the identity of the whole universe with Brahma is expressed. (tat, that; tva, thou: that art thou.)

OG Tattvas -- (Sanskrit) A word the meaning of which is the elementary principles or elements of original substance, or rather the different principles or elements in universal, intelligent, conscious nature when considered from the standpoint of occultism. The word tattva perhaps may be literally translated or rendered as "thatness," reminding one of the "quiddity" of the European Scholastics. The number of tattvas or nature's elemental principles varies according to different systems of philosophy. The Sankhya, for instance, enumerates twenty-five tattvas. The system of the Mahesvaras or worshipers of Siva with his consort Durga, reckons five principles, which are simply the five elements of nature found in all ancient literatures. Occultism, of course, recognizes seven tattvas, and, indeed, ten fundamental element-principles or element-substances or tattvas in universal nature, and each one of these tattvas is represented in the human constitution and active therein. Otherwise, the human constitution could not cohere as an organic entity.

SKf Tattva, Mahabhuta The word Tattva means the 'reality' or 'that-ness' (tat-tva) of a thing. The seven Tattvas are the Principles or Essences of the Cosmos, the conscious and directing forces, the sources of the manifested Elements or rudimentary stuffs of the Cosmos, which last are known as the Maha-bhutas or the 'Great has-beens.' These great Elements are not the earth, air, water, and fire we perceive here; these latter are but presentiments of these great Maha-bhutas. The two highest of these Tattvas and Bhutas are not as yet recognised by humans, but will be in future ages. Taijasa and Apas are the adjectival forms of tejas fire, and apas -- water.

Like the Lokas and Talas, each Tattva and Bhuta gives birth to the Tattva. and Bhuta below it and retains a portion of all the other tattvas and bhutas within it and yet manifests its own dominant characteristic. Each Tattva has a corresponding Bhuta of the same name. Below are the seven Tattvas with their meaning:

Adi-tattva -- Original Principle or THE ONE
Anupapadaka-tattva -- Parentless Principle or The Spiritual
Akasa-tattva -- Aether Principle
Taijasa or Tejas-tattva -- Fire Principle
Vayu-tattva -- Air Principle
Apas or Apas-tattva -- Water Principle
Prithivi-tattva -- Earth Principle

In order to explain the planets and Constellations of the Zodiac, as given in the large diagram, I quote from Dr. de Purucker's Fundamentals of the Esoteric Philosophy, page 488:

are the Sanskrit and There is a strict and close correspondence between each of the seven Sacred Planets and one of the globes of our Earth-Chain, respectively; and between each one of the globes and one of the constellations of the Zodiac -- one of the Houses of the Circle of Life, as the Greeks called it. But while it is true that the Seven Sacred Planets of the ancients, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Sun (as a substitute for a secret planet), Venus, Mercury, and the Moon (as a substitute for another secret planet), do actually build and oversee our Planetary Chain as a whole (one of the Sacred Planets respectively to one of the Globes), nevertheless while the influences of the other six of the Seven Sacred Planets are at work therein also, yet the one predominating power over each globe comes from its especial sacred Planet. Likewise, while each one of these twelve globes of the Planetary Chain is under the particular oversight, or overseeing, of one of the constellations of the Zodiac, that is to say of the predominating Genius or Rector of that constellation of the Zodiac, nevertheless each one of the other eleven constellations is also at work in each of the twelve globes of the Chain. There can be no separation of forces, for everything works together in Nature towards a common end which is one of the noblest proofs we have of our doctrine of Universal Brotherhood.

Below English names of the seven Sacred Planets and the twelve Constellations of the Zodiac:

CONSTELLATIONS OF ZODIAC -- THE SEVEN SACRED PLANETS

Mesha - The Ram -- Sani - Saturn
Rishaba - The Bull -- Brihaspati - Jupiter
Mithuna - The Twins -- Angaraka - Mars
Karkataka - The Crab -- Surya - Sun
Simha - The Lion -- Usanas-Sukra - Venus
Kanya - The Virgin -- Budha - Mercury
Tula - The Scales -- Soma - Moon
Vrischika - The Scorpion
Dhanus - The Archer
Makara - The Sea-Goat
Kumbha - The Watering Man
Mina - The Fish

Not only do the seven Lokas and Talas have their correspondences with the seven Tattvas and Bhutas and with the twelve Globes of the Planetary Chain, but they likewise correspond to the seven principles in man (see [[SKo]]), and also to the development of the seven senses, as shown in the large diagram. just as two of the Cosmic Elements are as yet unknown to us, so are two of the senses. Intuition, a harbinger of the sense of Spiritual Understanding, is just beginning to be recognised. As the ages roll by and the Sixth Race men appear, this spiritual sense will become more and more evident. It will only be in the next, or fifth, Round that the fifth Element, Ether the gross body of Akasa, if it can be called even that-will, by becoming a familiar fact of Nature to all men, as air is familiar to us now, cease to be as at present hypothetical, and also an "agent" for so many things. And only during that Round will those higher senses, the growth and development of which Akasa subserves, be susceptible of a complete expansion. As already indicated, a partial familiarity with the characteristic of matter-permeability -which should be developed concurrently with the sixth sense, may be expected to develop at the proper period in this Round. But with the next element added to our resources in the next Round, permeability will become so manifest a characteristic of matter, that the densest forms of this will seem to man's perceptions as obstructive to him as a thick fog, and no more. --The Secret Doctrine, Vol. I, pp. 257-8

SP Tattva [tattwa] -- a fundamental principle or substance.

SD INDEX Tattva(s) (Skt) principles of matter

five, six, seven elements II 574
Mahat-, creation I 446, 450-2


FY Tatwams, the abstract principles of existence or categories, physical and metaphysical.


TG Tau (Heb.). That which has now become the square Hebrew letter tau, but was ages before the invention of the Jewish alphabet, the Egyptian handled cross, the crux ansata of the Latins, and identical with the Egyptian ankh. This mark belonged exclusively, and still belongs, to the Adepts of every country. As Kenneth R. F. Mackenzie shows, "It was a symbol of salvation and consecration, and as such has been adopted as a Masonic symbol in the Royal Arch Degree". It is also called the astronomical cross, and was used by the ancient Mexicans -- as its presence on one of the palaces at Palenque shows -- as well as by the Hindus, who placed the tau as a mark on the brows of their Chelas.

WG Tau (Greek), the letter T; the cross of that shape.

SD INDEX Tau, Tau Cross (Egy)

borrowed by Christians I xli
called (Gaieios), son of Earth II 591n
closed Jewish alphabet II 581
couch in form of II 558-9, 573
cube unfolded becomes I 321; II 542, 600n
described & explained I 5; II 546-8, 557, 581
Egyptian II 30, 36, 542, 557
formed fr figure "7" II 590-1
found at Palenque II 557
initiation connected w II 543, 558
Inman & Knight degrade I 405
Jaina, Christian &, same I 657
mahayogi w Ru on II 548
phallic symbol II 214, 542
stands for androgynous man II 30
stands for generation I 365
supports Egyptian egg I 364n
or Tat II 588n
three & four in I 321


SD INDEX Tau-ists. See Taoists


SD INDEX Tauris [in Crimea] human sacrifice to Artemis in I 395


TG Taurus (Lat.). A most mysterious constellation of the Zodiac, one connected with all the "First-born" solar gods. Taurus is under the asterisk A, which is its figure in the Hebrew alphabet, that of Aleph; and therefore that constellation is called the "One", the "First", after the said letter. Hence, the "First-born", to all of whom it was made sacred. The Bull is the symbol of force and procreative power -- the Logos; hence, also, the horns on the head of Isis, the female aspect of Osiris and Horus. Ancient mystics saw the ansated cross, in the horns of Taurus (the upper portion of the Hebrew Aleph) pushing away the Dragon, and Christians connected the sign and constellation with Christ. St. Augustine calls it "the great City of God", and the Egyptians called it the "interpreter of the divine voice", the Apis-Pacis of Hermonthis. (See "Zodiac".)

SD INDEX Taurus (constellation)

Aldebaran looks down fr eye of II 785
Aleph of, & Christ I 656-7
Eridu & Sun in II 693
eye of, & beg of kali-yuga I 663, 665
in Issachar I 651
Pleiades in neck of II 551
sacred in every cosmogony I 657
Sun-gods connected I 656
Sun in, understood by Druids II 759
symbol of II 551
when vertical to Atlantis II 407-8


SD INDEX Taurus Draconem . . . II 133

SXa Taurus Draconem genuit, et Taurum Draco II 133 (Lat) "A bull has begotten a dragon, and a dragon a bull" (see A. Wilder, "The Primeval Race Double-Sexed," Theosophist (4:112-14, Feb 1883).


SD INDEX Taut. See Thoth


TG Taygete (Gr.). One of the seven daughters of Atlas -- the third, who became later one of the Pleiades. These seven daughters are said to typify the seven sub-races of the fourth root-race, that of the Atlanteans.

SD INDEX Taygete (Gk) a Pleiad, daughter of Atlas II 768


SD INDEX Taylor, Thomas. See also Plato

knew less Greek but more Plato I 453n
most intuitional Greek translator I 425
----- "Introduction" to The Parmenides
"Chaos was generated" (Hesiod) I 425n
the One never creates I 425-6
----- The Mystical Hymns of Orpheus
on nature of Dionysos I 335
----- "On The First Principle"
Jew's concept of artificer of universe I 426n
----- On the Theology of Plato [by Proclus]
refered to, by Oliver on Tetrad II 599


NOTE: [The Sanskrit words commencing with the letters Tch are, owing to faulty transliteration, misplaced, and should come under C.]

SEE UNDER LETTER C FOR THE FOLLOWING WORDS; TCHAITYA, TCHAKCHUR, TCHAKRA, TCHANDALAS, TCHANDRAGUPTA, TCHARTUR MAHARAJA, TCHERNO-BOG, TCHERTCHEN, TCHHANDA RIDDHI PADA, TCHIKITSA VIDYA SHASTRA, TCHINA, TCHITTA RIDDHI PADA, AND TCHITTA SMIRTI UPASTHANA.


SD INDEX Tchandalas. See Chandalas


SD INDEX Tchan-gy. See Chan-chi


SD INDEX Tchengis-Khan. See Genghis Khan


SD INDEX Tcheou. See Chou


SD INDEX Tchertchen. See Cherchen


SD INDEX Tchoon-Tsieoo. See Ch'un Ch'iu


SD INDEX Tchy-yeoo. See Khih Yu