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List of Title Abbreviations (in alphabetical order)

TG Bubaste (Eg.). A city in Egypt which was sacred to the cats, and where was their principal shrine. Many hundreds of thousands of cats were embalmed and buried in the grottoes of Beni-Hassan-el-Amar. The cat being a symbol of the moon was sacred to Isis, her goddess. It sees in the dark and its eyes have a phosphorescent lustre which frightens the night-birds of evil omen. The cat was also sacred to Bast, and thence called "the destroyer of the Sun's (Osiris') enemies".

SD INDEX Bubaste [Bubastis] (Egy), cat venerated in I 387

SD INDEX Buch, Christian Leopold, Baron von, expedition to Canary Islands II 791

SD INDEX Buchner, Ludwig I 528n

----- Force and Matter
Burmeister, Volger, Czolbe II 154
coal formation II 695n
vs infinite divisibility of matter I 519
past an unfolded present I 639
plant into animal into man II 718
spontaneous generation II 718-19
thought is molecular motion I 134n

SD INDEX Buckle, Henry Thomas

----- History of Civilization in England
martyrs of human thought I 298
q Leslie on light, heat I 515n

SD INDEX Buckwell. See Bakewell, F. C.

TG Buddha (Sk.). Lit., "The Enlightened". The highest degree of knowledge. To become a Buddha one has to break through the bondage of sense and personality; to acquire a complete perception of the REAL SELF and learn not to separate it from all other selves; to learn by experience the utter unreality of all phenomena of the visible Kosmos foremost of all; to reach a complete detachment from all that is evanescent and finite, and live while yet on Earth in the immortal and the everlasting alone, in a supreme state of holiness.

KT Buddha (Sans.) "The enlightened." Generally known as the title of Gautama Buddha, the Prince of Kapilavastu, the founder of modern Buddhism. The highest degree of knowledge and holiness. To become a Buddha one has to break through the bondage of sense and personality; to acquire a complete perception of the real Self, and learn not to separate it from all the other Selves; to learn by experience the utter unreality of all phenomena, foremost of all the visible Kosmos; to attain a complete detachment from all that is evanescent and finite, and to live while yet on earth only in the immortal and everlasting.

FY Buddha, the founder of Buddhism; he was a royal prince, by name Siddhartha, son of Suddhodhana, king of the Sakyas, an Aryan tribe.

VS thou art Buddha (II 8) [[p. 26]] "Buddha" means "Enlightened."

VS He [[Buddha]] preached on mount (II 16) [[p. 30]] All the Northern and Southern traditions agree in showing Buddha quitting his solitude as soon as he had resolved the problem of life i.e., received the inner enlightenment and teaching mankind publicly.

WG Buddha, a manifestation of the Supreme, the first Buddha being Avalokitesvara, from whom emanate the seven Dhyani-Buddhas ("Buddhas of contemplation"), who by the power of meditation create for themselves the celestial Bodhisattvas, who incarnate on earth at the beginning of each human cycle as men, and become human Bodhisattvas and finally terrestrial Buddhas, of whom there have been four, humanity being now in the fourth round.

OG Buddha -- (Sanskrit) The past participle of the root budh, meaning "to perceive," "to become cognizant of," also "to awaken," and "to recover consciousness." It signifies one who is spiritually awakened, no longer living "the living death" of ordinary men, but awakened to the spiritual influence from within or from "above." When man has awakened from the living death in which ordinary mortals live, when he has cast off the toils of both mind and flesh and, to use the old Christian term, has put on the garments of eternity, then he has awakened, he is a buddha. He has become one with -- not "absorbed" as is constantly translated but has become one with -- the Self of selves, with the paramatman, the Supreme Self. (See also Bodhi, Buddhi)

A buddha in the esoteric teaching is one whose higher principles can learn nothing more in this manvantara; they have reached nirvana and remain there. This does not mean, however, that the lower centers of consciousness of a buddha are in nirvana, for the contrary is true; and it is this fact that enables a Buddha of Compassion to remain in the lower realms of being as mankind's supreme guide and instructor, living usually as a nirmanakaya.

SKo Buddha, Gautama, Siddhartha The word Buddha literally means 'the enlightened,' the past participle form of the verb-root budh -- to know, to enlighten. A Buddha is one who has reached the highest state of spiritual enlightenment possible for a human being in this Age. Gautama the Buddha (643 B.C. -- 543 B.C.) was one of the greatest spiritual sages known to history. Legend says his very name bespeaks his glory, for the word Gautama is sometimes interpreted to mean 'highest on earth': from gau on earth, and tama, a superlative suffix. Because he attained the goal of human perfection on earth he was called Siddhartha, or gone who has accomplished his purpose,' from siddha, the past participle form of sidh -- to attain, and artha -- goal or purpose.

SP Buddha -- enlightened or awakened one.

SD INDEX Buddha(s) II 222. See also Adi-Buddha, Amitabha, Dhyani-Buddha, Maitreya, Manushis

awaken (cosmic) I 337
Bamian statues & II 224 &n, 337-40
bodha, buddhi & I xix
celestial, prototype of human I 108
of contemplation I 109, 572
earliest, of fifth race II 423
every, meets all great adepts I 574
four only thus far I 42
Kwan-shi-yin will be last of I 470
last initiation of I 574
link betw avataras & I 638
manifests in three worlds I 572
manushi[ya] I 52
Melha appears as a II 63
race of II 415
reincarnation & I 639
seventh race will be of II 483
Supreme, or Vajradhara I 571
thirty-five, of Confession II 423 &n

SD INDEX Buddha, Gautama (Sakyamuni)

Amitabha inner god of I 108
Aryan Hindu, kshatriya I xxi; II 339
austerities in time of I 47n
avatara of Vishnu II 578
Brahmans & I 271
buddhas preceded II 423
connected w Sankaracharya II 637
dying of pork explained I 368-9n
esoteric, exoteric doctrines I xxi
four-leaved lotus flower of II 546
gives his previous births II 359
incarnated as Tsong-Kha-pa I 108 &n
limited his public teaching I xx
Maya mother of I xxxii, 379n
de Nadeylac on II 338 &n
nirvana of, on Earth II 532
Osiris, Dionysos, Krishna or II 420
popularized Upanishads I 270-1
refused to eat eggs I 368-9n
samadhi posture & drooping ears II 339
sixth-rounder explained I 161-2
swastikas on statues of II 586
on tanha in Dhammapada II 110
Tashi Lama incarnation of I 471
taught esoteric doctrine I 46-7; II 27n
twenty-seventh buddha II 423 &n
Yin-Sin, prohibited speculation on I 635


SK Buddham saranam gachchhami;
Dharmam saranam gachchhami;
Samgham saranam gachchhami.

I go to the Buddha as my refuge;
I go to the Light of the Law as my refuge;
I go to the Order of Holy Ones as my refuge.

TG Buddhachhaya (Sk.). Lit., "the shadow of Buddha". It is said to become visible at certain great events, and during some imposing ceremonies performed at Temples in commemoration of glorious acts of Buddha's life. Hiouen-tseng, the Chinese traveller, names a certain cave where it occasionally appears on the wall, but adds that only he "whose mind is perfectly pure", can see it.

TG Buddhaphala (Sk.). Lit., "the fruit of Buddha", the fruition of Arahattvaphalla, or Arhatship.

TG Buddha Siddharta (Sk.). The name given to Gautama, the Prince of Kapilavastu, at his birth. It is an abbreviation of Sarvartthasiddha and means, the "realization of all desires". Gautama, which means, "on earth (gau) the most victorious (tama)" was the sacerdotal name of the Sakya family, the kingly patronymic of the dynasty to which the father of Gautama, the King Suddhodhana of Kapilavastu, belonged. Kapilavastu was an ancient city, the birth-place of the Great Reformer and was destroyed during his life time. In the title Sakyamuni, the last Component, muni, is rendered as meaning one "mighty in charity, isolation and silence", and the former Sakya is the family name. Every Orientalist or Pundit knows by heart the story of Gautama, the Buddha, the most perfect of mortal men that the world has ever seen, but none of them seem to suspect the esoteric meaning underling his prenatal biography, i.e., the significance of the popular story. The Lalitavistara tells the tale, but abstains from hinting at the truth. The 5,000 Jatakas, or the events of former births (re-incarnations) are taken literally instead of esoterically. Gautama, the Buddha, would not have been a mortal man, had he not passed through hundreds and thousands of births previous to his last. Yet the detailed account of these, and the statement that during them he worked his way up through every stage of transmigration from the lowest animate and inanimate atom and insect, up to the highest -- or man, contains simply the well-known occult aphorism: "a stone becomes a plant, a plant an animal, and an animal a man". Every human being who has ever existed, has passed through the same evolution. But the hidden symbolism in the sequence of these re-births (jataka) contains a perfect history of the evolution on this earth, pre and post human, and is a scientific exposition of natural facts. One truth not veiled but bare and open is found in their nomenclature, viz., that as soon as Gautama had reached the human form he began exhibiting in every personality the utmost unselfishness, self-sacrifice and charity. Buddha Gautama, the fourth of the Sapta (Seven) Buddhas and Sapta Tathagatas, was born according to Chinese Chronology in 1024 B.C.; but according to the Singhalese chronicles, on the 8th day of the second (or fourth) moon in the year 621 before our era. He fled from his father's palace to become an ascetic on the night of the 8th day of the second moon, 597 B.C., and having passed six years in ascetic meditation at Gaya, and perceiving that physical self-torture was useless to bring enlightenment, he decided upon striking out a new path, until he reached the state Bodhi. He became a full Buddha on the night of the 8th day of the twelfth moon, in the year 592, and finally entered Nirvana in the year 543, according to Southern Buddhism. The Orientalists, however, have decided upon several other dates. All the rest is allegorical. He attained the state of Bodhisattva on earth when in the personality called Prabhapala. Tushita stands for a place on this globe, not for a paradise in the invisible regions. The selection of the Sakya family and his mother Maya, as "the purest on earth," is in accordance with the model of the nativity of every Saviour, God or deified Reformer. The tale about his entering his mother's bosom in the shape of a white elephant is an allusion to his innate Wisdom, the elephant of that colour being a symbol of every Bodhisattva. The statements that at Gautama's birth, the newly born babe walked seven steps in four directions, that an Udumbara flower bloomed in all its rare beauty and that the Naga kings forthwith proceeded "to baptise him", are all so many allegories in the phraseology of the Initiates and well-understood by every Eastern Occultist. The whole events of his noble life are given in occult numbers, and every so-called miraculous event -- so deplored by Orientalists as confusing the narrative and making it impossible to extricate truth from fiction -- is simply the allegorical veiling of the truth. It is as comprehensible to an Occultist learned in symbolism, as it is difficult to understand for a European scholar ignorant of Occultism. Every detail of the narrative after his death and before cremation is a chapter of facts written in a language which must be studied before it is understood, otherwise its dead letter will lead one into absurd contradictions. For instance, having reminded his disciples of the immortality of Dharmakaya, Buddha is said to have passed into Samadhi, and lost himself in Nirvana -- from which none can return. And yet, notwithstanding this, the Buddha is shown bursting open the lid of the coffin, and stepping out of it; saluting with folded hands his mother Maya who had suddenly appeared in the air, though she had died seven days after his birth, &c., &c. As Buddha was a Chakravartti (he who turns the wheel of the Law), his body at its cremation could not be consumed by common fire. What happens? Suddenly a jet of flame burst out of the Svastica on his breast, and reduced his body to ashes. Space prevents giving more instances. As to his being one of the true and undeniable SAVIOURS of the World, suffice it to say that the most rabid Orthodox missionary, unless he is hopelessly insane, or has not the least regard even for historical truth, cannot find one smallest accusation against the life and personal character of Gautama, the "Buddha". Without any claim to divinity, allowing his followers to fall into atheism, rather than into the degrading superstition of deva or idol-worship, his walk in life is from the beginning to the end, holy and divine. During the 45 years of his mission it is blameless and pure as that of a god -- or as the latter should be. He is a perfect example of a divine, godly man. He reached Buddhaship -- i.e., complete enlightenment -- entirely by his own merit and owing to his own individual exertions, no god being supposed to have any personal merit in the exercise of goodness and holiness. Esoteric teachings claim that he renounced Nirvana and gave up the Dharmakaya vesture to remain a "Buddha of compassion" within the reach of the miseries of this world. And the religious philosophy he left to it has produced for over 2,000 years generations of good and unselfish men. His is the only, absolutely bloodless religion among all the existing religions: tolerant and liberal, teaching universal compassion and charity, love and self-sacrifice, poverty and contentment with one's lot, whatever it may be. No persecutions, and enforcement, of faith by fire and sword, have ever disgraced it. No the thunder-and-lightning-vomiting, god likes interfered with its chaste commandments; and if the simple, humane and philosophical code of daily life left to us by the greatest Man-Reformer ever known, should ever come to be adopted by mankind at large, then indeed an era of bliss and peace would dawn on Humanity.

VS Buddha of Compassion (III 34) [[p. 71]] This same popular reverence calls "Buddhas of Compassion" those Bodhisattvas who, having reached the rank of an Arhat (i.e., having completed the fourth or seventh Path), refuse to pass into the Nirvanic state or "don the Dharmakaya robe and cross to the other shore," as it would then become beyond their power to assist men even so little as Karma permits. They prefer to remain invisibly (in Spirit, so to speak) in the world, and contribute toward man's salvation by influencing them to follow the Good Law, i.e., lead them on the Path of Righteousness. It is part of the exoteric Northern Buddhism to honour all such great characters as Saints, and to offer even prayers to them, as the Greeks and Catholics do to their Saints and Patrons; on the other hand, the esoteric teachings countenance no such thing. There is a great difference between the two teachings. The exoteric layman hardly knows the real meaning of the word Nirmanakaya hence the confusion and inadequate explanations of the Orientalists. For example Schlagintweit believes that Nirmanakaya-body, means the physical form assumed by the Buddhas when they incarnate on earth "the least sublime of their earthly encumbrances" (vide "Buddhism in Tibet") and he proceeds to give an entirely false view on the subject. The real teaching is, however, this:

The three Buddhic bodies or forms are styled:

1. Nirmanakaya.
2. Sambhogakaya.
3. Dharmakaya.

The first is that ethereal form which one would assume when leaving his physical he would appear in his astral body having in addition all the knowledge of an Adept. The Bodhisattva develops it in himself as he proceeds on the Path. Having reached the goal and refused its fruition, he remains on Earth, as an Adept; and when he dies, instead of going into Nirvana, he remains in that glorious body he has woven for himself, invisible to uninitiated mankind, to watch over and protect it.

Sambhogakaya is the same, but with the additional lustre of "three perfections," one of which is entire obliteration of all earthly concerns.

The Dharmakaya body is that of a complete Buddha, i.e., no body at all, but an ideal breath: Consciousness merged in the Universal Consciousness, or Soul devoid of every attribute. Once a Dharmakaya, an Adept or Buddha leaves behind every possible relation with, or thought for this earth. Thus, to be enabled to help humanity, an Adept who has won the right to Nirvana, "renounces the Dharmakaya body" in mystic parlance; keeps, of the Sambhogakaya, only the great and complete knowledge, and remains in his Nirmanakaya body. The esoteric school teaches that Gautama Buddha with several of his Arhats is such a Nirmanakaya, higher than whom, on account of the great renunciation and sacrifice to mankind there is none known.

VS Nirvana-Dharma is entered not by all the Buddhas (III 32) [[p. 70]] In the Northern Buddhist phraseology all the great Arhats, Adepts and Saints are called Buddhas.

OG Buddha(s) of Compassion -- One who, having won all, gained all -- gained the right to kosmic peace and bliss -- renounces it so that he may return as a Son of Light in order to help humanity, and indeed all that is.

The Buddhas of Compassion are the noblest flowers of the human race. They are men who have raised themselves from humanity into quasi-divinity; and this is done by letting the light imprisoned within, the light of the inner god, pour forth and manifest itself through the humanity of the man, through the human soul of the man. Through sacrifice and abandoning of all that is mean and wrong, ignoble and paltry and selfish; through opening up the inner nature so that the god within may shine forth; in other words, through self-directed evolution, they have raised themselves from mere manhood into becoming god-men, man-gods -- human divinities.

They are called Buddhas of Compassion because they feel their unity with all that is, and therefore feel intimate magnetic sympathy with all that is, and this is more and more the case as they evolve, until finally their consciousness blends with that of the universe and lives eternally and immortally, because it is at one with the universe. "The dewdrop slips into the shining sea" -- its origin.

Feeling the urge of almighty love in their hearts, the Buddhas of Compassion advance forever steadily towards still greater heights of spiritual achievement; and the reason is that they have become the vehicles of universal love and universal wisdom. As impersonal love is universal, their whole nature expands consequently with the universal powers that are working through them. The Buddhas of Compassion, existing in their various degrees of evolution, form a sublime hierarchy extending from the Silent Watcher on our planet downwards through these various degrees unto themselves, and even beyond themselves to their chelas or disciples. Spiritually and mystically they contrast strongly with what Asiatic occultism, through the medium of Buddhism, has called the Pratyeka Buddhas.


TG Buddhi (Sk.). Universal Soul or Mind. Mahabuddhi is a name of Mahat (see "Alaya"); also the spiritual Soul in man (the sixth principle), the vehicle of Atma, exoterically the seventh.

KT Buddhi (Sans.) Universal Soul or Mind. Mahabuddhi is a name of Mahat (q. v.); also the Spiritual Soul in man (the sixth principle exoterically), the vehicle of Atma, the seventh, according to the exoteric enumeration.

FY Buddhi, the spiritual Ego.

WG Buddhi, intelligence; in the Sankhya philosophy, intellect as the second tattva, coming next to and proceeding from mulaprakriti or avyakta; the passive spiritual vehicle, or latent ideation, of Atma, serving to connect it with manas, the individual self. (See MANAS.)

WGa Buddhi, the sixth "principle" of man's sevenfold constitution.

OG Buddhi -- (Sanskrit) Buddhi comes from a Sanskrit root budh, commonly translated "to enlighten," but a better translation is "to perceive," "to cognize," "to recover consciousness," hence "to awaken," and therefore "to understand." The second counting downwards, or the sixth counting upwards, of the seven principles of man. Buddhi is the principle or organ in man which gives to him spiritual consciousness, and is the vehicle of the most high part of man -- the atman -- the faculty which manifests as understanding, judgment, discrimination, an inseparable veil or garment of the atman.

From another point of view, buddhi may truly be said to be both the seed and the fruit of manas.

Man's ordinary consciousness in life in his present stage of evolution is almost wholly in the lower or intermediate duad (manas-kama) of his constitution; when he raises his consciousness through personal effort to become permanently one with the higher duad (atma-buddhi), he becomes a mahatma, a master. At the death of the human being, this higher duad carries away with it all the spiritual essence, all the spiritual and intellectual aroma, of the lower or intermediate duad. Maha-buddhi is one of the names given to the kosmic principle mahat. (See also Alaya)

GH Buddhi The sixth principle in the Theosophical classification of man's component parts. As the vehicle for Universal Spirit, Buddhi is inseparably linked with Atman and regarded as its vehicle. It is the channel for the divine inspiration which streams from Atman, as well as the faculty of discrimination, and the knowledge of discrimination between good and evil, hence spiritual consciousness. When awakened in man the Buddhic principle evokes compassionate love for all, instant understanding, and intuition. A man so fully awakened is termed a Buddha.

". . . the Spiritual Soul (Buddhi) . . . conceals a mystery which is never given to any one, with the exception of irrevocably pledged chelas," (The Key to Theosophy, pp. 119-20). (The following word is derived from the verbal root:) budh, to awaken, to enlighten. Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 28)

SKo Buddhi The Spiritual Soul of man; the channel through which Atman may send its divine inspirations to the Human Ego. A man in whom the Buddhi is awakened shines with the qualities of discrimination, intuition, spiritual vision, love without bounds, and compassion. Buddhi comes from the verb-root budh, 'to know,' 'to enlighten.'

IN Buddhi (Skt, fr budh, "to wake up") Human spiritual soul, principle of intuitive knowledge.

SP Buddhi -- higher intelligence.

SD INDEX Buddhi (Skt). See also Maha-Buddhi

aggregate of dhyani-buddhas I 472
anandamaya sheath I 570
atma, manas & II 57n
atman & (relation of) I 119, 179, 193, 471-2, 567; II 58n, 580, 605n
bodhi, buddha, bodha I xix
breath first II 241
corresponds to ruach I 242; II 633n
cosmic monad I 177
dhyani-chohanic essence I 265
diagram I 153, 242; II 593, 596, 632
discrete & indiscrete, eternal I 453
Diti the, of akasa II 613-14
divine soul I 17, 101n, 119, 120, 216, 567; II 318n
equatorial sun cements, to atma II 241
human soul & II 81
intuition of, vs senses I 279, 329n
latent consciousness II 275n
made conscious by manas II 318n
Mahat & I 256, 334, 373; II 614
-manas breaks fr atman I 193
manas vehicle of I 101, 242-5, 334
not the human ego II 79
Prometheus & II 419
Putah (Egyptian) II 632
relation of, to atman I 119, 179, 193, 265, 471-2, 567; II 58n, 580, 605n
sattva & I 68-9n
second principle I 291
sixth state of matter II 737
spiritual soul I 119, 153n
Sun is, of akasa I 527n
tree symbol of, (Anugita) II 637
union of, w manas II 230, 231n, 247, 495
universal ideation (cosmic) II 596
vahan (vehicle) II 241


TG Buddhism. Buddhism is now split into two distinct Churches: the Southern and the Northern Church. The former is said to be the purer form, as having preserved more religiously the original teachings of the Lord Buddha. It is the religion of Ceylon, Siam, Burmah and other places, while Northern Buddhism is confined to Tibet, China and Nepaul. Such a distinction, however, is incorrect. If the Southern Church is nearer, in that it has not departed, except perhaps in some trifling dogmas due to the many councils held after the death of the MASTER, from the public or exoteric teachings of Sakyamuni -- the Northern Church is the outcome of Siddharta Buddha's esoteric teachings which he confined to his elect Bhikshus and Arhats. In fact, Buddhism in the present age, cannot be justly judged either by one or the other of its exoteric popular forms. Real Buddhism can be appreciated only by blending the philosophy of the Southern Church and the metaphysics of the Northern Schools. If one seems too iconoclastic and stern, and the other too metaphysical and transcendental, even to being overgrown with the weeds of Indian exotericism -- many of the gods of its Pantheon having been transplanted under new names to Tibetan soil -- it is entirely due to the popular expression of Buddhism in both Churches. Correspondentially they stand in their relation to each other as Protestantism to Roman Catholicism. Both err by an excess of zeal and erroneous interpretations, though neither the Southern nor the Northern Buddhist clergy have ever departed from truth consciously, still less have they acted tinder the dictates, of priestocracy, ambition, or with an eye to personal gain and power, as the two Christian Churches have.

KT Buddhism is the religious philosophy taught by Gautama Buddha. It is now split into two distinct churches: the Southern and Northern. The former is said to be the purer, as having preserved more religiously the original teachings of the Lord Buddha. The Northern Buddhism is confined to Thibet, China, and Nepaul. But this distinction is incorrect. If the Southern Church is nearer, and has not, in fact, departed, except perhaps in trifling dogmas, due to the many councils held after the death of the MASTER from the public or exoteric teachings of Sakyamuni, the Northern Church is the outcome of Siddharta Buddha's esoteric teachings which he confined to his elect Bikshus and Arhats. Buddhism, in fact, cannot be justly judged in our age either by one or the other of its exoteric popular forms. Real Buddhism can be appreciated only by blending the philosophy of the Southern Church and the metaphysics of the Northern Schools. If one seems too iconoclastic and stern, and the other too metaphysical and transcendental, events being overcharged with the weeds of Indian exotericism -- many of the gods of its Pantheon having been transplanted under new names into Thibetan soil -- it is due to the popular expression of Buddhism in both churches. Correspondentially, they stand in their relation to each other as Protestantism to Roman Catholicism. Both err by an excess of zeal and erroneous interpretations, though neither the Southern nor the Northern Buddhist clergy have ever departed from Truth consciously, still less have they acted under the dictates of priestocracy, ambition, or an eye to personal gain and power, as the later churches have.

OG Buddhism -- The teachings of Gautama the Buddha. Buddhism today is divided into two branches, the Northern and the Southern. The Southern still retains the teachings of the "Buddha's brain," the "eye doctrine," that is to say his outer philosophy for the general world, sometimes inadequately called the doctrine of forms and ceremonies. The Northern still retains his "heart doctrine" -- that which is hid, the inner life, the heart-blood, of the religion: the doctrine of the inner heart of the teaching.

The religious philosophy of the Buddha-Sakyamuni is incomparably nearer to the ancient wisdom, the esoteric philosophy of the archaic ages, than is Christianity. Its main fault today is that teachers later than the Buddha himself carried its doctrines too far along merely formal or exoteric lines; yet, with all that, to this day it remains the purest and holiest of the exoteric religions on earth, and its teachings even exoterically are true -- once they are properly understood. They need but the esoteric key in interpretation of them. As a matter of fact, the same may be said of all the great ancient world religions. Christianity, Brahmanism, Taoism, and others all have the same esoteric wisdom behind the outward veil of the exoteric formal faith.

SKf Buddhism, Budhism Buddhism is that system of teaching given forth by Gautama the Buddha. Budhism is 'Wisdom' or Theosophy. Both these words are derived from the verb-root budh -- to enlighten, to know; but Budha means 'a wise man,' and Buddha, the past participle-form of budh, means 'enlightened'; hence Budha-ism is the teachings of the Wise Ones of the Ages, while Buddha-ism is the teachings of Gautama the Buddha. The esoteric and deeper portions of Buddhism, as also of Christianity, are Budhism or Theosophy.

SD INDEX Buddhism

archaic occultism I 668
Brahmanism &, compared II 637
Brahmanism destroyed, in India I 368n
budhism & I xxi
Chinese I xxviii, 126, 408, 440; II 215
deteriorated when transplanted I xxi
emanation of Hinduism I 668
esoteric I xix-xxi, 49 &n, 411; II 570, 585, 632
exoteric, & Roman Church I 539n
Kwan-shi-yin in I 72 &n, 431n
moral code of II 253
in New World discussed II 424n
no esoteric doctrine (Williams) I 47n
no personal god in I 635-6
roots of, & Advaita I 636
sevenfold man in I 157, 539n
76,000 tracts of, lost (Burnouf) I xxviii
upreared on Secret Doctrine I 47

SD INDEX Buddhism. See Rhys Davids, T. W.

SD INDEX Buddhism in Christendom. See Lillie, A.

SD INDEX Buddhism in Tibet. See Schlagintweit, E.

SD INDEX Buddhismus, Der. See Wassilief

SD INDEX Buddhist(s)

Apollonius met, nagas II 211
Bamian statues not of, origin II 337
Brahmanical &, Logos same II 637
canon originally 80,000 tracts I xxvii
Chinese, have no personal god I 440, 635
Chinese, pilgrimage of II 215
cross known to, before Europeans II 556
doctrine kept too secret I xxi
do not eat eggs I 366
dragon temples II 378-9
four truths of I 39, 42
history of, on palm leaves II 423
Japanese, sects I 67n, 213-14
lost literature of I xxvii-viii
metaphysics, "Dan," "Jan-na" I xx
not atheists I 6
reached China 61 AD I xxviii
school of Aryasanga I 49-50 &n
secret books of I xxxiv
seven principles of I 157-8, 539n
Sinhalese, "there is no God" I 636
svabhavat of I 46
Vedanta & I 46-7
Wilson confused Charvakas w I 419n

SD INDEX Buddhist Catechism. See Olcott, H. S.

KT Buddhi-Taijasi (Sans.) A very mystic term, capable of several interpretations. In Occultism, however, and in relation to the human "Principles" (exoterically), it is a term to express the state of our dual Manas, when, reunited during a man's life, it bathes in the radiance of Buddhi, the Spiritual Soul. For "Taijasi" means the radiant, and Manas, becoming radiant in consequence of its union with Buddhi, and being, so to speak, merged into it, is identified with the latter; the trinity has become one; and, as the element of Buddhi is the highest, it becomes Buddhi-Taijasi. In short, it is the human soul illuminated by the radiance of the divine soul, the human reason lit by the light of the Spirit or Divine SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS.

TG Buddhochinga (Sk.). The name of a great Indian Arhat who went to China in the 4th century to propagate Buddhism and converted masses of people by means of miracles and most wonderful magic feats.

SD INDEX Budding, procreation by II 132, 658

first race & II 116-17
polyps reproduce by II 177
second race & II 166

SD INDEX Budh (Skt), to know I xviii

made phallic symbol I 472
wisdom or I 473

TG Budha (Sk.). "The Wise and Intelligent", the Son of Soma, the Moon, and of Rokini or Taraka, wife of Brihaspati carried away by King Soma, thus leading to the great war between the Asuras, who sided with the Moon, and the Gods who took the defence of Brihaspati (Jupiter) who was their Purohita (family priest). This war is known as the Tarakamaya. It is the original of the war in Olympus between the Gods and the Titans and also of the war (in Revelation) between Michael (Indra) and the Dragon (personifying the Asuras).

WG Budha, awake, intelligent, wise; the planet Mercury.

SD INDEX Budha (Skt) Mercury, Wisdom. See also Thot

author of Vedic hymn II 498
avatara of Vishnu [Buddha] II 578
creator of fourth, fifth races II 456
esoteric wisdom I xviii; II 499
fifth race under II 29
Hermes, Hormig, or II 366, 499
Ida wife of II 138, 140
men of, metaphorically immortal II 44-5
Mercury or I 473; II 27, 366, 374, 455, 456, 499, 540
Nebo (Chaldean) or II 456
not a fiction of Brahmans II 498
son of Soma & Tara I 228n, 392; II 45 &n, 138, 456, 498-9

SD INDEX Budha-Soma, Mercury-Moon, Thoth-Lunus I 396n

SD INDEX Budhism (Wisdom) I 134

Buddhism & I xviii
esoteric I xxi; II 100
Esoteric Buddhism & I xvii-xviii, 539n

MO Budlung [[Norse]] (bood-lung) A king (poetic)

SD INDEX Buffon, Comte de II 646

American & African fauna II 792
believed many worlds inhabited II 706
Earth 34 million years old II 698n
on origin of planets I 596-7

SD INDEX Builder, The (illustrated weekly), Easter Island statues in I 322

SD INDEX Builders. See also Architects, Dhyani-chohans, Logos, Masons

amshaspends, pitar or I 127; II 358
architects &, one I 579 &n
B'raisheeth & six sephiroth I 374-5
construct kosmos on ideal plan I 104, 339
creators of universe I 53, 88-9, 265
cyclopean buildings & I 209n
Cyclopes called II 345n
Demiurge composed of I 380n
designers in nature II 732
dhyani-chohans called I 233; II 170, 366
divine, of man II 194
Dracontia or II 380
elohim or I 239
ether of science material of I 339
fiery lives both, & destroyers I 262n
fire, astral light & I 253
Fohat "builder of" I 139n
hosts of, First-Born I 344
initiators II 345n
men in prior cycle I 107, 277
planetary chain architects I 107n, 128
prajapati or seven I 436
reigned over man I 265
science would not accept I 590
seven I 80, 88, 127, 213 &n, 355 &n, 480; II 514
three groups of I 127-8
various names for I 127-8, 355; II 380
Visvakarman or II 559
work in cycles II 732

SD INDEX Bull, Sir R. S. See Ball, Sir R. S.

SD INDEX Bull. See also Cow, Taurus

aleph or II 551, 574
apis (Egyptian) I 135; II 418n
Assyrian II 115n
became phallic symbol II 583
Christian sacred animal I 363
"eye of the" I 663
man or the, (Egyptian, Hebrew) I 390 &n
of Mendes I 385
Ormazd created, Ahriman slew II 93
physical generation symbol I 67, 657
Pleiades seven stars beyond I 648n
sacred I 385; II 408
St Luke, Earth &, (diag) II 114
symbolizes fifth race II 533
Uriel or, of Ophites I 127n; II 115n

TG Bull-Worship (See "Apis"). The worship of the Bull and the Ram was addressed to one and the same power, that of generative creation, under two aspects -- the celestial or cosmic, and the terrestrial or human. The ram-headed gods all belong to the latter aspect, the bull -- to the former. Osiris to whom the hull was sacred, was never regarded as a phallic deity; neither was Siva with his Bull Nandi, in spite of the lingham. As Nandi is of a pure white colour, so was Apis. Both were the emblems of the generative, or of evolutionary power in the Universal Kosmos. Those who regard the solar god and the bulls as of a phallic character, or connect the Suit with it, are mistaken. It is only the lunar gods and the rains, and lambs, which are priapic, and it little becomes a religion which, however unconsciously, has still adopted for its worship a god pre-eminently lunar, and accentuated its choice by the selection of the lamb, whose sire is the ram, a glyph as pre-eminently phallic, for its most sacred symbol -- to vilify the older religions for using the same symbolism. The worship of the bull, Apis, Hati Ankh, or the living Osiris, ceased over 3,000 years ago: the worship of the ram and lamb continues to this day. Mariette Bey discovered the Serapeum, the Necropolis of the Apis-bulls, near Memphis, an imposing subterranean crypt 2,000 feet long and twenty feet wide, containing the mummies of thirty sacred bulls. If 1,000 years hence, a Roman Catholic Cathedral with the Easter lamb in it, were discovered under the ashes of Vesuvius or Etna, would future generations be justified in inferring therefrom that Christians were "lamb" and "dove" worshippers? Yet the two symbols would give them as much right in the one case as in the other. Moreover, not all of the sacred bulls were phallic, i.e., males; there were hermaphrodite and sexless bulls The black bull Mnevis, the son of Ptah, was sacred to the God Ra at Heliopolis; the Pacis of Hermonthis -- to Amoun Horus, &c., &c., and Apis himself was a hermaphodite [[hermaphrodite?]] and not male animal, which shows his cosmic character. As well call the Taurus of the Zodiac and all Nature phallic.

SD INDEX Bulwer-Lytton, Sir Edward

----- The Coming Race
vril of I 563
----- Zanoni
Zanoni faces his Augoeides I 573

TG Bumapa (Tib.). A school of men, usually a college of mystic students.

SD INDEX Bumapa (Tib) School, Aryasangha of, on alaya I 48

TG Bunda-hish. An old Eastern work in which among other things anthropology is treated in an allegorical fashion.

SD INDEX Bundahishn (Zoroastrian scripture)

hermaphrodites described II 291n
Karshipta & Mazdean religion II 292
karshvars II 758 &n
races of men II 634

SD INDEX Bunsen, Christian Karl J., Baron von

----- Egypt's Place in Universal History
antiquity of Egypt I 435
Asian flood of, not Noah's II 141
dates Menes II 374n
Eusebius mutilated history I xxvi
Great Pyramid 20,000 years old II 750
original unity of Semites, Aryans I 115n
----- God in History
Prometheus older than Greeks II 413
Seth & Typhon II 32n, 82n

SD INDEX Bunsen, Robert W., achievements I 528

MO Bur [[Norse]] (boo-r) [birth?] Space, first emanation of Buri

SD INDEX Burgess, Rev E., & Hindu astronomy I 667

TG Burham-i-Kati. A Hermetic Eastern work.

SD INDEX Burham-i-Kati [Borhan Quatiu] (Pers), Hormig or Budha in II 366-7

TG Buri (Scand.). "The producer", the Son of Bestla, in Norse legends.

MO Buri [[Norse]] (boo-ree) Frozen, unmanifest, abstract Space. Traditionally King Buri or Bore personifies winter

SD INDEX Buri (Norse), had three sons by Bestla I 427


distorting of ears in II 339
fate of Buddhism in I xx-i
nirvana called neibban in I 38n

SD INDEX Burmeister, Hermann C. C.

on age of Earth II 154
Egypt 72,000 years old II 750n
same forces past & present I 639-40

SD INDEX Burnell, A. C. I 334. See also Hopkins

SD INDEX Burnes, Sir A., on Bamian statues II 337

SD INDEX Burning Bush (of Moses)

aspect of Archaeus I 338n
in Exodus I 121

SD INDEX Burning Valley of Fallen Angels II 535

SD INDEX Burnouf, Eugene

war in heaven ends on Earth II 390
----- Commentaire sur le Yaccna
amshaspends are archangels I 437
----- [Introduction a l'histoire . . .]
Brahma as "Creator" I 380n
Buddhist canon I xxvii

SD INDEX Burns, Robert I 304

TG Buru Bonga. The "Spirit of the Hills". This Dryadic deity is worshipped by the Kolarian tribes of Central India with great ceremonies and magical display. There are mysteries connected with it, but the people are very jealous and will admit no stranger to their rites.

FY Buru Bonga, spirit of the hills worshipped by the Kolarian tribes of Central India.

TG Busardier. A Hermetic philosopher born in Bohemia who is credited with having made a genuine power o f projection He left the bulk of his red powder to a friend named Richthausen, an adept and alchemist of Vienna. Some years after Busardier's death, in 1637, Richthausen introduced himself to the Emperor Ferdinand III, who is known to have been ardently devoted to alchemy, and together they are said to have converted three pounds of mercury into the finest gold with one single grain of Busardier's powder. In 1658, the Elector of Mayence also was permitted to test the powder, and the gold produced with it was declared by the Master of the Mint to be such, that he had never seen finer. Such are the claims vouchsafed by the city records and chronicles.

SD INDEX Bushmen

arrowheads compared II 522
fast dying out II 162, 421n
intellectuality among II 168 &n, 522
Lemuro-Atlanteans II 195-6n, 721
naturalists' opinion of II 287, 725, 779
not burdened w karma II 168
not descended fr anthropoids II 193 &n
pigmy, & future archaeology II 723

SD INDEX Busrah. See Basra

SD INDEX Buthon (Gnos) I 214, 349. See Bythos

TG Butler. An English name assumed by an adept, a disciple of some Eastern Sages, of whom many fanciful stories are current. It is said for instance, that Butler was captured during his travels in 1629, and sold into captivity. He became the slave of an Arabian philosopher, a great alchemist, and finally escaped, robbing his Master of a large quantity of red powder. According to more trustworthy records, only the last portion of this story is true. Adepts who can he robbed without knowing it would be unworthy of the name. Butler or rather the person who assumed this name, robbed his "Master" (whose free disciple he was) of the secret of transmutation, and abused of his knowledge-i.e., sought to turn it to his personal profit, but was speedily punished for it. After performing many wonderful cures by means of his "stone" (i.e., the occult knowledge of an initiated adept), and producing extraordinary phenomena, to some of which Val Helmont, the famous Occultist and Rosicrucian, was witness, not for the benefit of men but his own vain glory, Butler was imprisoned in the Castle of Viloord, in Flanders, and passed almost the whole of his life in confinement. He lost his powers and died miserable and unknown. Such is the fate of every Occultist who abuses his power or desecrates the sacred science.

SD INDEX Butler, Charles, Horae biblicae II 200n

SD INDEX Butlerof[v], Prof Aleksandr Mikhaylovich

defended spiritualism I 520
spiritualist I 251n, 581
supports fourth dimension theory I 251 &n
theosophists respect II 651
----- Scientific Letters
divisibility of atom I 51
force, matter, motion I 517-18

SD INDEX Butterfly

SD INDEX Greek symbol of human soul I 74; II 292
humanity like grub becoming I 159

SD INDEX Bybline Heights II 417

MO Byleist [[Norse]] (bee-layst) [wildfire] The destructive side of Loki, mind

SD INDEX [Byron, Lord, q Childe Harold] I xli

TG Bythos (Gr.). A Gnostic term meaning "Depth" or the "great Deep", Chaos. It is equivalent to space, before anything had formed itself in it from the primordial atoms that exist eternally in its spatial depths, according to the teachings of Occultism.

WG Bythos, the abyss, or chaos, -- a Gnostic term.

SD INDEX Bythos (Gnos)

Aeons emanate fr II 569n
angle of Gnostic square II 573
Brahma is I 214
Ennoia of, is mind II 490
only periodical I 214
perfect Aion existed before I 349
Tiphereth issues fr II 214
unfathomable depth II 214, 569n
unknown universal soul II 574

SD INDEX Byzantine Painting, Bamian frescoes remind one of II 339