Pe - Pi


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List of Title Abbreviations (in alphabetical order)

VS Peace to all beings (III 37) [[p. 72]] This is one of the variations of the formula that invariably follows every treatise, invocation or Instruction. "Peace to all beings," "Blessings on all that Lives," &c., &c.

SD INDEX Peacock II 514n

bird of wisdom II 619
Hindu phoenix II 619

SD INDEX Pedigree of Man. See Haeckel, E.

SD INDEX Pegues, Abbe, The Volcanoes of Greece, giant skeletons found on Thera II 278-9

SD INDEX Peiru-un, Chinese Noah II 365, 774

SD INDEX Peking [Beijing] Imperial Library II 206

SD INDEX Pelagus (Gk), great sea II 774

SD INDEX Pelasges et Cyclopes. See Creuzer, G. F.

SD INDEX Pelasgian(s)

Atlantean structures of II 745-6
came fr East II 3
colonized Samothrace II 3
Cyclopes initiated, in Masonry II 345n
descend fr Atlantean subrace II 774
dolmen builders were II 753
Peruvian works like those of II 745

SD INDEX Pelenque Cross. See Palenque

SD INDEX Pelican

air-water symbol I 358
fiery soul of, or Ain-soph I 80
Moses forbade eating swans & I 80n
Rosicrucian symbol I 19-20

TG Peling (Tib.). The name given to all foreigners in Tibet, to Europeans especially.

FY Peling, the name given to Europeans in Tibet.

SD INDEX Pelion, Mt, Persian fleet & I 467

SD INDEX Pember, G. H., Earth's Earliest Ages, Satan & theosophists II 229 &n

SD INDEX Penates, related to Kabiri (Faber) II 360

SD INDEX Penetralia, wife's dwelling-place I 382

SD INDEX Pengelly, Professor William

Asia, America once joined II 322n
on geologic ages I 567n; II 66, 72
submerged Atlantis possible II 778
----- "Extinct Lake of Bovey Tracey"
possibility of Atlantis II 726-7
----- "The Ice-Age Climate & Time"
geological time II 695-6

TG Pentacle (Gr.). Any geometrical figure, especially that known as the double equilateral triangle, the six-pointed star (like the theosophical pentacle); called also Solomon's seal, and still earlier "the sign of Vishnu"; used by all the mystics, astrologers, etc.

SD INDEX Pentacle I 114, 131. See also Five-pointed Star

circle, point & I 320-1
curtain hid five pillars of I 125
line, triangle & I 91
symbology of, described, explained I 125
triangle, cube, & pi I 131

SD INDEX Pentaglott. See Schindler, V.

TG Pentagon (Gr.), from pente "five", and gonia "angle"; in geometry a plane figure with five angles.

SD INDEX Pentagon

fifth order of celestial beings I 219
Makara, panchakara or II 576 &n
represents microcosm I 224
symbolism of, explained I 384; II 576-7
triangle becomes, on Earth II 79n

WG Pentagram, a figure of this shape:

SD INDEX Pentagram I 78, 219

SD INDEX Pentateuch. See also Mosaic Books, Moses

collection of allegories I 10
compiled fr "very old book" I xliii
crudest origin of birth in II 544-5
Ezra remodeled, disfigured I 319, 335-6; II 143, 658
four elements & I 462
Gladstone, Homer & II 383
mechanical construction, not theogony in II 537
New Testament &, symbols fr same source I 115n
no revelation II 3n
numerous changes in II 473
spurned by Sadducees I 320-1n
"thou shalt not revile the gods" II 477
time fr Eden to Flood missing in I 397n
wisdom in Puranas & I 336
Zohar & II 461n, 487

SD INDEX Pentecost, Jewish liturgy for I 618

SD INDEX Pentecostal Fire-tongues, aspects of Archaeus I 121, 338n

SD INDEX Peras (Gk) finite, & apeiron I 426

SD INDEX Peratae Gnostics

Chozzar (Neptune) & II 356
five androgyne ministers of II 577-8

SD INDEX Perception(s) II 597n

apperception & I 175, 179, 630
mental, physical, & light II 41
nature a bundle of deceptive II 475
seven aspects of I 139; II 599
thraldom of sensuous II 587

SD INDEX Perdition, effect of dogma of II 484

SD INDEX Peregrinations, Scarabaeus symbol & II 552

SD INDEX Pereisc [Peiresc, N. C. F. de], gave Enochian Manuscript II 531

SD INDEX Perfection, Perfected

absolute, & unknown deity II 413
born out of imperfection II 95
can never make imperfection II 555
human, described I 275
no ultimate I 42-3
striving towards II 736

SD INDEX Perfect Way, The. See Kingsford, A.

SD INDEXa Peri apoches empsuchon I 425 (Gk) "On Abstinence from Animal Food" (a work by Porphyry; in Latin, De Abstinentia).

SD INDEX Peri archon (Gk). See Damascius, De principiis rerum

SD INDEXa Peri chumeias argurou kai chrusou II 763n (Gk) "Concerning the mingling of silver and gold."

SD INDEX "Perigenesis of the Plastidule." See Haeckel

SD INDEX Perigord, giant skeletons of II 749n

SD INDEX Period(s) (geological). See also Eocene, Glacial, Miocene, Tertiary

diagram of esoteric II 710
every, a mystery in its duration II 698
possible to calculate approximately II 709

SD INDEX Period(s). See also Cycles

longest astronomical, observed I 667
primary & secondary, of evolution I 455
various, of Hindu astronomy I 666
years of Patriarchs are II 426

SD INDEX Periodicity

law of, second Fundamental Prop I 16-17
in laws of nature II 621
septenary law of II 627-8
in universal manifestation I 268, 552
in vital phenomena II 622-3 &n

SD INDEX "Periodicity of Vital Phenomena." See Laycock, Dr T.

SD INDEX Periodic Table

of elements I 547, 553, 583-6
illustrates occult law I 585

SD INDEX Peripatetics

materialists in their way I 343
monas of I 177-8
"nature abhors a vacuum" I 64, 343
pantheistical, & monas I 619

SD INDEX Peris (Pers) or Izods, "angels"

Aryan race symbolized by II 394
derivation of word II 394n
devs &, in the North II 398
devs (giants) made raids on II 397
postdiluvians of Bible II 394
reigns of, (Bailly) II 368
war w devs later confused II 776

SD INDEX Perisprit, fluidic, or astral soul I 196

SD INDEXa Peri [ton proton] archon I 425 (Gk) "On First Principles" (a work by Damascius).

SD INDEX Permeability

next characteristic of matter I 251
sixth sense &, this round I 258

TG Per-M-Rhu (Eg.). This name is the recognised pronunciation of the ancient title of the collection of mystical lectures, called in English The Book of the Dead. Several almost complete papyri have been found, and there are numberless extant copies of portions of the work. [W.W.W.]

SD INDEX Peronne [Perrone], Father Giovanni,Praelectiones theologicae . . ., b'ne-aleim or sons of God II 375

SD INDEX Perpetual or Eternal Motion. See also Breath, Motion

all motion is, (Grove) I 497
coexistent w space I 55
ever-becoming of II 545
of Great Breath I 2-4, 55-6, 93n, 97, 147-8, 282-3, 455, 599n
Keely on I 556
laya-centers & I 147
never ceases in nature I 97
of Sat & Asat II 450
sound & I 525n
unmanifested is I 97n

SD INDEX Perry, Charles, A View of The Levant, South Pole in constellation Harp II 360n

SD INDEX Persea, Basin of II 545

SD INDEX Persephone. See also Proserpine

Axiokersa or II 362

SD INDEX Persepolis (or Esikekar) built by Giamshid II 398

SD INDEX Perseus, an Assyrian (Herodotus) II 345n

SD INDEX Persia. See also Iran

Atlantean traditions in II 393-9
conquered Egypt I 311
fleet of I 467
folklore of II 393-401
Greece, Egypt ever at war w II 393
legendary history of II 398-9
legendary kings of II 368, 394, 396
magi of II 608-10, 756 &n
magi of, used veiled language II 395
scriptures of II 607-8
War in Heaven fr India thru I 198

SD INDEX Persian(s). See also Iranians

ancestors of ancient II 328
astronomy of I 658-9, 663
egg symbol among I 359
Kabiri of II 363n
legends & Greek compared II 393-401
Meshia & Meshiane among II 134
phoenix or Simorgh II 397, 617
planetary genii, prophets I 649, 652
seven earths, races II 617-18
stone oracles of II 346
treatment of fire among II 114
two extinct nations of II 396

SD INDEX Persian Gulf, man-fish rose out of II 139n

SD INDEX "Personal and Impersonal God." See Subba Row, T.

SD INDEX Personal God(s)

Christians degraded God into I 426-7
of Church I 492n, 499n, 635-6; II 475, 555-6
discussion of I 2n, 6n, 139, 193; II 475, 544, 598
gods vs, discussed I 492-3n
not Blavatsky's idea I 579n
not Buddhist belief I 635
occultists reject I 492n, 545
Plato could not believe in II 554-5
salvation, damnation & I 613
Satan & I 412, 612
source of idea of I 332
third-rate emanation, Logos I 437-8, 614
unphilosophical I 2n, 6n, 139, 193, 280n; II 475, 544, 598

TG Personality. In Occultism -- which divides man into seven principles, considering him under the three aspects of the divine, the thinking or the rational, and the animal man -- the lower quaternary or the purely astrophysical being; while by Individuality is meant the Higher Triad, considered as a Unity. Thus the Personality embraces all the characteristics and memories of one physical life, while the Individuality is the imperishable Ego which re-incarnates and clothes itself in one personality after another.

KT Personality. The teachings of Occultism divide man into three aspects -- the divine, the thinking or rational, and the irrational or animal man. For metaphysical purposes also he is considered under a septenary division, or, as it is agreed to express it in theosophy, he is composed of seven "principles," three of which constitute the Higher Triad, and the remaining four the lower Quaternary. It is in the latter that dwells the Personality which embraces all the characteristics, including memory and consciousness, of each physical life in turn. The Individuality is the Higher Ego (Manas) of the Triad considered as a Unity. In other words the Individuality is our imperishable Ego which reincarnates and clothes itself in a new Personality at every new birth.

OG Personality -- Theosophists draw a clear and sharp distinction, not of essence but of quality, between personality and individuality. Personality comes from the Latin word persona, which means a mask, through which the actor, the spiritual individuality, speaks. The personality is all the lower man: all the psychical and astral and physical impulses and thoughts and tendencies, and what not. It is the reflection in matter of the individuality; but being a material thing it can lead us downwards, although it is in essence a reflection of the highest. Freeing ourselves from the domination of the person, the mask, the veil, through which the individuality acts, then we show forth all the spiritual and so-called superhuman qualities; and this will happen in the future, in the far distant aeons of the future, when every human being shall have become a buddha, a christ. Such is the destiny of the human race.

In occultism the distinction between the personality and the immortal individuality is that drawn between the lower quaternary or four lower principles of the human constitution and the three higher principles of the constitution or higher triad. The higher triad is the individuality; the personality is the lower quaternary. The combination of these two into a unity during a lifetime on earth produces what we now call the human being. The personality comprises within its range all the characteristics and memories and impulses and karmic attributes of one physical life; whereas the individuality is the aeonic ego, imperishable and deathless for the period of a solar manvantara. It is the individuality through its ray or human astral-vital monad which reincarnates time after time and thus clothes itself in one personality after another personality.

WW Personal Person comes from a Latin word persona, a mask. On the stage the Latin actors wore big masks that covered the whole head sometimes, with enormous gaping mouths, and such a mask was called a persona. You see here why the Christian theologian speaks of the three personae or the three persons of the Trinity, because the Christian Trinity was evidently conceived of as the three masks through which the Godhead spoke, like the actor speaking his role, saying his little speeches, through the persona (the mask-persona coming from per, through, and sonare, to sound; to sound through, to speak through). The role, the character, which an actor took was hence frequently called by synecdoche his persona, his mask, and therefore, the Christians were, so far as the word went, correct enough in calling the three aspects or three characteristics, or rather the tripartite characteristics of their Godhead, as three persons; the Deity manifested or 'spoke' in three ways, three personae. From this word persona, mask, comes our word person, and you will notice with what exactitude it is used in our Theosophical terminology: our person is a mere mask through which the real actor speaks. The abstract nature of the person is personality -- all that congeries or collection of attributes which form the person, making up his personality. Of course it is logically just as wrong for one to speak of his person when he means his personality, or of his personality when he means himself as a person, as it is for him to misapply the words individual and individuality. The person bears the same relation to personality as the individual does to individuality. The person therefore is the soul, the individual is the spirit, the individuality is the nature or characteristic of the spirit, and the personality is the nature and characteristic of the soul.

SD INDEX Personality (ies)

of advanced beings II 276
almost interminable series of II 306
aroma of, hangs fr flame I 238
astrological star of I 572
body of egotistical desires II 241
earthly characteristic I 275
essence of, not lost I 266
false II 254, 306
human, & Logos II 478
individuality & I 572-3; II 306
lethal virus of II 110
Logos is no II 318n
manas & kama-rupa duality of II 241
merging of, w atma-buddhi I 52
monad & I 174-5n, 238, 245
moonbeams dancing on water I 237
no immortality for I 440n
none till end of third race II 610
personal will part of II 241
portion of, remains I 238
reality devoid of I 629
real man concealed under false I 220
selfishness of II 110


SD INDEX Personal Self, monad &, urge evolution II 109-10

SD INDEX Personating Spirits, demions (dimyon, Heb; daimons, Gk) or II 508-9

SD INDEX Perspiration. See also Sweat-Born

primeval mode of procreation II 174-7

SD INDEX Perturbations, of planets by Sun I 503

SD INDEX Peru, Peruvian(s)

Acosta on, buildings I 209n
built like Pelasgians II 745
Egyptian &, myths same I 266-7 &n
European skulls like II 739, 740, 790
giant tombs in II 752
Manco Capac &, races II 365
marvelous civilizations of II 793
structures of, Atlantean II 745-6
swastika found among II 586
Tiahuanaco II 317, 337
traditions of, re flood, ark II 141

TG Pesh-Hun (Tib.). From the Sanskrit pesuna "spy"; an epithet given to Narada, the meddlesome and troublesome Rishi.

SD INDEX Pesh-Hun (messenger)

Narada called II 48
regulates cycles II 48-9

SD INDEX Pessimism

& doctrine of karma II 304n
Schopenhauer's & von Hartmann's II 156n, 304n, 648

SD INDEX Peter, St

Church of Rome built on II 341n
Church trustee of II 377
Kronos (Saturn) will swallow II 341n
personified by pope II 466n
----- Peter, First Epistle of
Christ cornerstone, etc II 627
circumambulating of Earth II 485, 515
lion compared w Satan I 442n
----- Peter, Second Epistle of, destruction of fifth race II 757, 762n

SD INDEX Petermann, J. H., published Latin transl of Pistis Sophia II 566n

SD INDEX Peter's Lexicon II 605n. See also Roth, R. von

SD INDEX Peter the Hermit, led crusade I 357

SD INDEX Petrarch, killed a dragon II 207 &n

SD INDEX Petrie, Sir W. M. Flinders

Eridu used Egyptian measures II 226
----- The Academy (letter in)
pyramid figures I 314
----- Pyramids & Temples . . .
differs fr Smyth's figures I 315
----- Stonehenge
stones of, fr afar II 344

SD INDEX Petronius Arbiter (Petronii Satyrica in tx),The Satyricon, degradation of goose symbol I 358

SD INDEX Peuple Primitif. See Rougemont, F. de

SD INDEX Peuret [Peuvret], on cube unfolded II 601

SD INDEX Peyrere, theory of II 725

SD INDEX Pfaff, Dr F.

-----Alter und der Ursprung . . .
brain size of human, ape II 193n, 661
fossil skulls w larger capacity II 523
gibbon & man since Tertiary II 681-2n
gulf between man & ape II 87n, 687n
skull capacity of various races II 522-3

SD INDEX Pfluger, Dr Edward, opposed Darwinian heredity II 711n

SD INDEX Pfoundes, Captain C. See Omoie

SD INDEX Phaedo. See Plato

SD INDEX Phaedrus. See Plato

SD INDEX Phaeton [Phaethon] (Gk)

made Sun deviate fr its course II 535
myth of, explained II 770n

TG Phala (Sk.). Retribution; the fruit or result of causes.

FY Phala, retribution; fruit or results of causes.

WG Phala, fruit (of action); result.

TG Phalguna (Sk.). A name of Arjuna; also of a month.

TG Phallic (Gr.). Anything belonging to sexual worship; or of a sexual character externally, such as the Hindu lingham and yoni -- the emblems of the male and female generative power -- which have none of the unclean significance attributed to it by the Western mind.

KT Phallic Worship, or Sex Worship; reverence and adoration shown to those gods and goddesses which, like Siva and Durga in India, symbolise respectively the two sexes.

SD INDEX Phallic(ism)

ancient theology & I 312
anthropomorphism led to I 451-2n
Ark of Covenant became II 459
body-worship, fourth race II 279, 285
of brazen serpent I 364 &n
Christianity honeycombed w I 451-2n
develops w loss of keys I 264n; II 471
fatal turning away fr truth I 264n
Greek rites became II 362
Holy of Holies degraded to II 459-60
Isis Unveiled on II 85
Jewish I 438n, 444; II 85, 125, 459
later Kabbala suffocated by II 457-8
man in image of, god II 472
no divine II 544
no, Jehovah for one thousand years II 469
none in earlier nations II 44
number ten later became II 463
in old religions II 657-8
of Pramantha story II 101 &n, 524-5
Prometheus myth & II 521, 524-5, 561-2
ram's head & II 182
sacr', sacred, etc are I 5n; II 465 &n, 467
Semites introduced II 54
starts w King David II 469
swastika degraded into II 101n
symbols I 318-21; II 30n, 62, 104, 182, 471-3, 542-3, 583, 588

SD INDEX Phallicism . . . See Jennings, H.

SD INDEX Phallus (i). See also Linga

batylos, lingam, lithos II 85, 467
carrier of the germ II 467n
Christian architecture & II 85
dragon symbol of II 104
Egyptians added, to cross II 542
oil-anointed in Bible II 473

SD INDEX Phanerogamous Plants, lotus I 57

TG Phanes (Gr.). One of the Orphic triad -- Phanes, Chaos and Chronos. It was also the trinity of the Western people in the pre-Christian period.

SD INDEX Phanes (Gk) or Eros, part of Orphic triad I 451-2n, 582-3

SD INDEX Phantom(s)

Earth's early protoplasmic I 191
lunar pitris & II 89, 91 &n, 102 &n
vortex-atom a metaphysical I 489

SD INDEX Pharaoh

Atlantis legend & Bible story of II 426-8, 494 &n
daughter & Moses story I 319 &n, 385 &n
"fairest tree of Eden" (Ezekiel) II 494
God tempts & then plagues I 383n
seven souls of, in Egyptian texts II 632
Sinaitic peninsula ruled by II 226
tempted by Sarah I 422; II 174

SD INDEX Pharisees

fanaticism of, cursed Jesus II 378
Jehovah, Saturn father of I 578
Jesus & the I 653
tenets of, fr Babylonia II 61

SD INDEX Phenoch. See Enoch

SD INDEX Phenomenal Universe, shadow of the pre-existing I 278

TG Phenomenon (Gr.). In reality "an appearance", something previously unseen, and puzzling when the cause of it is unknown. Leaving aside various kinds of phenomena, such as cosmic, electrical, chemical, etc., and holding merely to the phenomena of spiritism, let it be remembered that theosophically and esoterically every "miracle" -- from the biblical to the theumaturgic -- is simply a phenomenon, but that no phenomenon is ever a miracle, i.e., something supernatural or outside of the laws of nature, as all such are impossibilities in nature.

SD INDEX Phenomenon (a). See also Keely, Noumenon

all potencies have their I 470
causes of nature's I 2-3
creation of perceiving ego I 329
Dhruva & cosmic II 612 &n
geological & sidereal II 314
invisible powers noumena of II 517-18
kriyasakti & I 293; II 173
manifested, illusory I 18
noumenon & I 38, 481, 522, 535n
occult I 82 &n, 489
produced by elementals & matter I 146
will, thought & II 173, 652


SD INDEX Pherecydes (Gk)

God is a circle II 552
good & evil, light & darkness I 196 &n
on Hyperboreans [Pherenicus?] II 775

SD INDEX Phidias (Gk sculptor) II 660n

KT Philadelphians. Lit., "those who love their brother-man." A sect in the seventeenth century, founded by one Jane Leadly. They objected to all rites, forms, or ceremonies of the Church, and even to the Church itself, but professed to be guided in soul and spirit by an internal Deity, their own Ego or God within them.

TG Philae (Gr.). An island in Upper Egypt where a famous temple of that name was situated, the ruins of which may be seen to this day by travellers.

SD INDEX Philae (Egyptian temple)

egg of incense hatched at I 363-4
Horus shown raising dead at II 557
initiation scene at II 558-9
Khnoum adored at I 367

TG Philaletheans (Gr.). Lit., "the lovers of truth"; the name is given to the Alexandrian Neo-Platonists, also called Analogeticists and Theosophists. (See Key to Theosophy, p. 1, et seq.) The school was founded by Ammonius Saccas early in the third century, and lasted until the fifth. The greatest philosophers and sages of the day belonged to it.

KT Philalethians. (Vide "Neoplatonists.")

TG Philalethes, Eugenius. The Rosicrucian name assumed by one Thomas Vaughan, a mediaeval English Occultist and Fire Philosopher. He was a great Alchemist. [W.W.W.]

SD INDEX Philalethes, E. See Vaughan, Thomas

SD INDEX Philanthropos (Gk) Prometheus was II 526

SD INDEX Philebus. See Plato

SD INDEX Philip the Apostle, authored Pistis Sophia II 566n

SD INDEX Philistines, David brought name Jehovah fr II 541

SD INDEX Phillips, Sir R, axial changes & glaciations II 726

TG Philo Judaeus. A Hellenized Jew of Alexandria, and a very famous historian and writer; born about 30 B.C., died about 45 A.D. He ought thus to have been well acquainted with the greatest event of the 1st century of our era, and the facts about Jesus, his life, and the drama of the Crucifixion. And yet he is absolutely silent upon the subject, both in his careful enumeration of the then existing Sects and Brotherhoods in Palestine and in his accounts of the Jerusalem of his day. He was a great mystic and his works abound with metaphysics and noble ideas, while in esoteric knowledge he had no rival for several ages among the best writers. [See under "Philo Judaeus" in the Glossary of the Key to Theosophy.]

KT Philo-Judaeus. A Hellenized Jew of Alexandria, a famous historian and philosopher of the first century, born about the year 30 B.C., and died between the years 45 and 50 A.D. Philo's symbolism of the Bible is very remarkable. The animals, birds, reptiles, trees, and places mentioned in it are all, it is said, "allegories of conditions of the soul, of faculties, dispositions, or passions; the useful plants were allegories of virtues, the noxious of the affections of the unwise and so on through the mineral kingdom; through heaven, earth and stars; through fountains and rivers, fields and dwellings; through metals, substances, arms, clothes, ornaments, furniture, the body and its parts, the sexes, and our outward condition." (Dict. Christ. Biog.) All of which would strongly corroborate the idea that Philo was acquainted with the ancient Kabbala.

SD INDEX Philo Judaeus

forbade cursing Satan II 477
on hating the heathen II 471
----- De cherubim . . .
Adam as Mind II 490 &n
----- [De fuga et inventione]
twelve signs of the zodiac I 649
wisdom II 489
----- De gigantibus
souls descend to bodies II 111
----- De migratione Abrahami
kosmos is God w Chaldeans I 344
----- De mundi opificio
man a divine idea I 71
numbers six & seven I 407
seven (heptagon) II 602
----- De somniis
souls descend to bodies II 111
----- [Allegories of the Sacred Laws]
Adam Kadmon as Mind II 490
----- [On the Life of Moses]
Hebrew law translated into Greek II 200n
----- Quaestiones . . .
Logos next to God I 350, 352

SD INDEX Philology, Philologist(s)

claim writing unknown to Homer II 439
give out conclusions as facts I xxix
scientific, questioned I xxix-xxx

SD INDEX Philo of Byblus (Herennius Bibylius)

animated stones of II 342
Sanchoniathon on Javo II 129, 465
Sanchoniathon on universe birth I 340 &n

SD INDEX Philosopher(s)

can look beneath coarse myths II 764-5
defined by Plato II 554-5
modern, content w effects II 589
pagan, sought causes II 589

TG Philosopher's Stone. Called also the "Powder of Projection". It is the Magnum Opus of the Alchemists, an object to be attained by them at all costs, a substance possessing the power of transmuting the baser metals into pure gold. Mystically, however, the Philosopher's Stone symbolises the transmutation of the lower animal nature of man into the highest and divine.

KT Philosopher's Stone. A term in Alchemy; called also the Powder of Projection, a mysterious "principle" having the power of transmuting the base metals into pure gold. In Theosophy it symbolises the transmutation of the lower animal nature of man into the highest divine.

SD INDEX Philosophia ad Athenienses. See Paracelsus

SD INDEX Philosophiae Naturalie . . . See Newton, I.

SD INDEX Philosophical Magazine . . .

article by Dr Babbage I 104, 124
article by James Croll I 511
article by Sir I. Newton I 13
articles by Kroenig, Clausius, Maxwell I 513
articles by Sir Wm. Thomson I 117, 513-14

SD INDEX Philosophical Transactions

arctic magnolias (Heer) II 726
botany suggests Atlantis (Heer) II 739
intellect & skull size (Davis) II 522, 790n
self-luminous matter (Halley) I 590
stars of Milky Way (Herschel) I 590

SD INDEX Philosophie naturelle. See Francoeur, L. B.

SD INDEX Philosophie religieuse. See Reynaud, J.

SD INDEX Philosoph. Plant. II 526. See Plutarch (De placitus)

OG Philosophy -- An operation of the human spirit-mind in its endeavor to understand not merely the how of things, but the why of things -- why and how things are as they are. Philosophy is one phase of a triform method of understanding the nature of nature, of universal nature, and of its multiform and multifold workings, and philosophy cannot be separated from the other two phases (science and religion), if we wish to gain a true and complete picture of things as they are in themselves. It is a capital mistake of Western thought to suppose that science, religion, and philosophy are three separate and unrelated operations of thought. The idea when pondered upon is immediately seen to be ludicrously false, because all these three are but phases of operations of human consciousness. Not one of these three -- philosophy, religion, or science -- can be divorced from the other two, and if the attempt be made so to divorce them, the result is spiritual and intellectual dissatisfaction, and the mind senses an incompleteness. Consequently any philosophy which is unscientific and irreligious, or any religion which is unscientific and unphilosophical, and any science which is unphilosophical and unreligious, is de facto erroneous because incomplete. These three are simply three aspects or phases of a fundamental reality which is consciousness.

Philosophy is that aspect of the human consciousness which is correlative, and which seeks the bonds of union among things and exposes them, when found, as existing in the manifold and diverse forms of natural processes and the so-called laws which demonstrate their existence. (See also Religion, Science)

SD INDEX Philosophy (ies)

Advaita & Buddhist, identical I 636
analogy is key in occult I 150-1
of blind faith vs knowledge I 612
Bright Space in esoteric I 71-2 &n
common belief of ancient I 341
Egyptian same as cis-Himalayan II 374n
esoteric, reconciles many systems I 55, 77
an essential truth of occult I 77
immortality & Vedic I 36n
incorporeal entities in I 218n
Indian, six schools of I 269; II 42
occult, in Spinoza & Leibniz I 629
our, compared w ancient I 507

SD INDEX Philosophy Historical and Critical. See Lefevre

SD INDEX Philosophy of History. See Hegel, G. W. F.

SD INDEX Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences.See Whewell

SD INDEX Philosophy of the Unconscious. See Hartmann

TG Philostratus (Gr.). A biographer of Apollonius of Tyana, who described the life, travels and adventures of this sage and philosopher.

SD INDEX Philostratus

----- De vita Apollonii
feeding on serpents I 404
----- Heroica
giant skeletons II 278, 336

SD INDEX Philo-Theo-Sophia, pantheism & I 533

SD INDEX Phineata[e], Hermes worshiped at II 367

TG Phla (Gr.). A small island in the lake Tritonia, in the days of Herodotus.

TG Phlegiae (Gr.). A submerged ancient island in prehistoric days and identified by some writers with Atlantis; also a people in Thessaly.

SD INDEX Phlegyae, Phlegyan (Gk) [Atlantis isle] destruction of II 144, 265, 365

SD INDEX Phlogiston. See also Caloric

substance of force I 511

TG Pho (Chin.). The animal Soul.

FY Pho, animal soul.

SD INDEX Phobos (inner moon of Mars) not a satellite I 165

SD INDEX Phocea [Phocis] (Gk), Prometheus fashioned man fr slime at II 519

TG Phoebe (Gr.). A name given to Diana, or the moon.

SD INDEX Phoebe (Gk)

Moon transformed into I 386
wife of Castor as the dawn II 122

SD INDEX Phoebe & Hilaeira (Gk) [Dawn & Twilight] wives of Castor & Pollux II 122

TG Phoebus-Apollo (Gr.). Apollo as the Sun, "the light of life and of the world".

SD INDEX Phoebus (Gk)

-Apollo, delight of senses II 383 &n
Apollo or II 770
light of wisdom II 235

SD INDEX Phoenicia(ns)

ancestors of II 328
astronomy fr, (Orientalists) II 551
Baal sun god of II 540
circumnavigated globe II 430
claimed descent fr Saturn II 768
colonized Samothrace II 3
cosmogony of I 110, 451-28n
did not invent writing II 439
earlier navigators than II 406
Elon or Elion highest god of II 380
fire (Kabiri) worship in II 363
Hebrew numbers fr II 560
Hindu Aryans older than II 406-7
(Iao) supreme god of II 541
invented writing (Grote, etc) II 440
Jews &, (Herodotus) I 313n
Kabiri of Egyptians & II 274
moving or animated stone of II 342 &n
origin of, Atlanto-Aryan II 743
origin of gods of II 769n
sailors pray to Astarte I 468
Sanchoniathon wrote in II 440n
secretive re navigation II 764
seven Earths of II 617
Venus sign & Ram on coin of II 546

SD INDEX Phoenix

Bennoo, bird of resurrection or I 312
Garuda the Hindu II 564
peacock as Hindu II 619
self-consumed & reborn seven x seven times II 617
Simorgh the Persian II 397-8, 617-18
solar cycle six hundred years II 617n

SD INDEX Phonetic Laws I xxxi-ii

SD INDEX Phonizier, Die. See Movers, F. K.

SD INDEX Phonograph, called ventriloquism II 784n

SD INDEX Phorcys (Gk), Arkite Titan II 143

TG Phoreg (Gr.). The name of the seventh Titan not mentioned in the cosmogony of Hesiod. The "mystery" Titan.

SD INDEX Phoreg, one of Hesiod's seven Titans I 418

TG Phorminx (Gr.). The seven-stringed lyre of Orpheus.

SD INDEX Phorminx (Gk), seven-stringed lyre II 529

TG Phoronede (Gr.). A poem of which Phoroneus is the hero; this work is no longer extant.

TG Phoroneus (Gr.). A Titan; an ancestor and generator of mankind. According to a legend of Argolis, like Prometheus he was credited with bringing fire to this earth (Pausanias). The god of a river in Peloponnesus.

SD INDEX Phoroneus (Gk), first man II 519-21

SD INDEX Phoronidae (Gk), poem on Phoroneus II 519

SD INDEX Phosphorus I 553

Satan "Lord of" II 513
"without, no thought" II 244

SD INDEX Photius

----- [Bibliotheca or Myriobiblion]
Ophites, talking stones II 342
on Prometheus II 519

SD INDEX Photograph(s, y)

akasic or astral, & pralaya I 18n
astrological influences & I 105
mystery of I 508-9

SD INDEX Photosphere, R. Hunt on I 530-1

WG Phrabat, the holy footprint of Buddha, said to be in Siam, where a temple is erected over it. It is visited by pilgrims every year. There are many alleged footprints of Buddha in India and other places.

TG Phren (Gr.). A Pythagorean term denoting what we call the Kama-Manas still overshadowed by the Buddhi-Manas.

KT Phren. A Pythagorean term denoting what we call the Kama-manas, still overshadowed by Buddhi-Manas.

SD INDEX "Phreno-Kosmo-Biology." See Lewins, Dr

SD INDEX Phrygia

fire (Kabiri) worship in II 363
priests of, described Atlantis II 371

TG Phtah (Eg.). The God of death; similar to Siva, the destroyer. In later Egyptian mythology a sun-god. It is the seat or locality of the Sun and its occult Genius or Regent in esoteric philosophy.

SD INDEX Phta. See Ptah

TG Phta-Ra (Eg.). One of the 49 mystic (occult) Fires.

SD INDEX Phylogen(esis,y) (Haeckel's term)

development of race, species II 659
laughed at by some scientists II 656
will never be exact science II 663

SD INDEX Physica. See Aristotle

SD INDEX Physical I 176n

astral before, body II 1
astral merges into II 257
bodies belong to Earth II 199
body built by Spirit of Earth II 241
body, death of, & adepts II 531
body shaped by lowest lives I 224
Earth's astral &, now grosser II 157n
every, form has astral prototype II 660n
form fr protoplasmic model II 150
improvement at expense of spiritual I 225
links between many classes II 257
man apart fr divine & spiritual II 254
man became, thru reabsorption II 170
man, birthplace of II 416n
man eighteen million years old II 157, 251, 310
moral, political &, blended II 369-70
nature, diagram of II 593
no, iniquity II 302
part of triple evolution I 181
plane has no contact w astral II 157
power of psychic over II 192
psychic man uses, body II 302
races first & second not II 289
spiritual &, evolution II 348

SD INDEX "Physical Basis of Life." See Huxley, T. H.

SD INDEX Physical Eclogues. SeeFlorilegium of Stobaeus

SD INDEX Physicalization

of root-types II 649, 736
same as spirit materialization II 737

SD INDEX Physician's Hymn of Rig-Veda [X, 97], plants came three ages before gods II 52n

SD INDEX Physics, Physicists. See also Science

analogy key to cosmic I 150
Aryans learned, fr Atlanteans II 426
borrowed ancient atomic theory I 567-8
deals w lowest forces I 554
fifth element & II 135
has returned to Anaxagoras I 586
Hindu knowledge of II 107n
initiates' knowledge of I 516
occult I 97, 200-1, 262
scorn of modern, for ancient I 495
space-force-matter in I 615
unity in the sphere of II 24

SD INDEX Physiological(ly)

Adam's sleep not II 181
age of, mankind II 156
Aryan religion higher than II 526
Atlantean mammals not perfect II 286
civilization &, transformation II 317
conjectures on foetus vague II 131
cross-breeding &, law II 196
differentiations II 120
Fall after Eden II 279
key to Moon symbol I 390, 398
key to symbolism I 363
man evolved fr astral II 737
psychic element develops the II 176
purity of third race II 172
refusal to incarnate was II 171
selection II 738
separation of sexes II 275
symbol & Prometheus II 100-1
Titans a, fact II 154
transformation of sexes II 147-8
transformations symbolized II 178-9

SD INDEX "Physiological Selection." See Romanes

WW Physiology It comes from physis (physis), nature, and logos (logos), discourse; hence a discourse concerning Nature; and the Greek Physiologists (physiologos) were equivalent to what we would call natural philosophers, scientists (all knowledge was considered sacred in ancient times, a part of religion). Many of the 'physiologists' were physicians, in our modern sense, because in the early days medicine was considered a sacred science, and doubtless all physicians were priests. With the fall of so-called paganism the science of medicine gradually separated itself, and the study of Nature, science per se, became discredited and was frowned upon by the church, medicine being the only science cultivated with some degree of regularity and exactness because it was necessary to human welfare. Thus 'physiology' became restricted to its present meaning -- that of the function and matters appertaining to the physical bodies of animals and plants. But the Greek physiologists or physiologers were those who studied nature from the standpoint which we know to be the Theosophical one -- an outlook upon nature from the standpoint of divinity, if I may so put it. And all ancient theology and all ancient Theosophy was based upon physiological studies in that sense -- was based, in other words, upon what we would now call natural science of the mind, or psychology, the science of the spirit or religion, the science of the intellect per se or logic, etc.

SD INDEX Physiology

denies a vital principle I 603
ignorant of Moon's influence I 264
magician of the future I 261
of man & animals II 187-90
occult facts of II 295-8
of organisms II 116-17
psychic knowledge would widen II 370n
septenate in II 623 &n

SD INDEX Physiology, Text Book of. See Foster, M.

SD INDEX Physique, Elements de. See Ganot, A.


Angel of Face, synthesis or I 434 &n
kabbalistic II 38-40, 465-6, 544, 560
number of circle, swastika I 90-1
numerical value of I 90-1, 114, 131, 230, 313
Ring "Pass-Not" of lipikas & I 131

SD INDEX Picardy II 738, 750n

SD INDEX Pickering, on diversity of Malays II 332

SD INDEX Pictet, Raoul, derided by Laplace re aerolites II 784n

SD INDEX Picture Writing II 130. See also Glyphs, Symbols

TG Picus, John, Count of Mirandola. A celebrated Kabbalist and Alchemist, author of a treatise "on gold" and other Kabbalistic works. He defied Rome and Europe in his attempt to prove divine Christian truth in the Zohar. Born in 1463, died 1494.

SD INDEX Pierius, on Numa's circular religious posture II 552

SD INDEX Pierres Branlantes (Fr) [rocking stones], of Huelgoat, Brittany II 342n

SD INDEX Pierret, Paul

----- Etudes egyptologiques
Osiris-Lunus I 228
----- Le Livre des Morts
"Day come to us" (Egy) I 134 &n

SD INDEX Pierron, P. A., translation of (echei) II 763

SD INDEX Pigeon I 81n; II 595

SD INDEX Pigmies. See Pygmy (ies)

SD INDEX Pikermi, fossil monkeys near II 723n

SD INDEX Pilgrim(s)

comets or I 250
eternal, masterpiece of evolution II 728
monad during its embodiments or I 16n
suffers thru every form of life I 268

SD INDEX Pilgrimage, obligatory, for each soul I 17, 40, 570

TG Pillaloo Codi (Tamil). A nickname in popular astronomy given to the Pleiades, meaning "hen and chickens". The French also, curiously enough call this constellation, "Poussiniere".

SD INDEX Pillaloo-codi [Pillalu-Kodi] (Tamil) Pleiades, Hindus observed rising of I 663-4

SD INDEX Pillar(s)

Abraham's, of unhewn stones II 472n
in ancient temples I 125-6, 462
Ases (Scandinavian) or, of world II 97
of fire I 338n, 341, 437
four, of Tyre I 125-6
of Jacob, oil-anointed phallus II 473
Mercury, Seth, Josephus & II 530
pyramids became, at Tyre I 347n
of salt & Lot's wife II 674
seven I 356, 408
world- I 235
of Zarathustra I 464

SD INDEX Pillars of Hercules

Atlantis beyond II 147, 323-4n, 394
Greeks did not sail beyond II 223

TG Pillars of Hermes. Like the "pillars of Seth" (with which they are identified) they served for commemorating occult events, and various esoteric secrets symbolically engraved on them. It was a universal practice. Enoch is also said to have constructed pillars.

TG Pillars, The Two. Jachin and Boaz were placed at the entrance to the Temple of Solomon, the first on the right, the second on the left. Their symbolism is developed in the rituals of the Freemasons.

TG Pillars, The Three. When the ten Sephiroth are arranged in the Tree of Life, two vertical lines separate them into 3 Pillars, namely the Pillar of Severity, the Pillar of Mercy, and the central Pillar of Mildness. Binah, Geburah, and Hod form the first, that of Severity; Kether, Tiphereth, Jesod and Malkuth the central pillar; Chokmah, Chesed and Netzach the Pillar of Mercy. [W.W.W.]

SD INDEX Pimandre . . . . See Foix, F. de

GH Pimpala (more correctly Pippala) The sacred Indian fig-tree, ficus religiosa, called in Buddhism the Bo-tree. Mystically the Cosmic World-Tree, or Tree of Life, the Asvattha (q.v.). (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 74)

WG Pinda, lump, ball, especially the ball or cake of meal offered to the manes of deceased ancestors. (See Sraddha.)


held pantheons to be immoral II 764
----- Hymn to Jupiter
Kabir Adamas first man II 3
----- Hymn to Minerva
Minerva on Jupiter's right hand I 401
----- Nemean Odes
Castor & Pollux II 122, 123
Gods & men of common origin II 270
----- Olympian Odes
Pherecydes [Pherenicus?] on Hyperboreans II 775
----- Pythian Odes
Aetna a celestial pillar II 763

WG Pindi, a meal cake.

SD INDEX Pine(s), oldest after ferns II 594

SD INDEX Pineal Gland. See also Third Eye

atrophied II 119, 294n, 296n, 298
discussed II 294-301
highest development of II 299
once physiological organ II 295
witness of third eye II 294-5

TG Pingala (Sk.). The great Vedic authority on the Prosody and chhandas of the Vedas. Lived several centuries B.C.

WG Pingala, a particular current in the body: the right of three currents running from the os coccyx to the head, which, according to the anatomy of the Yoga system, are the chief passages of breath. (Literally, "yellowish.")

WGa Pingala, in addition to what is given it should be understood that the breath and its channels referred to are not the lungs and air passages but the inner psychic breath.


SD INDEX Pino, Don Bautista, [Three New Mexico Chronicles], secret meetings of Pueblos II 181n

SD INDEX Pipe(s) of Pan, symbology of II 581

TG Pippala (Sk.). The tree of knowledge: the mystic fruit of that tree "upon which came Spirits who love Science". This is allegorical and occult.

SD INDEX Pippala (Ficus Religiosa) fruit of Tree of Life II 97-8

TG Pippalada (Sk.). A magic school wherein Atharva Veda is explained founded by an Adept of that name.

SD INDEX Piromis, Pontiffs-, of Egypt II 369

TG Pisachas (Sk.). In the Puranas, goblins or demons created by Brahma. In the southern Indian folk-lore, ghosts, demons, larvae, and vampires -- generally female -- who haunt men. Fading remnants of human beings in Kamaloka, as shells and Elementaries.

FY Pisacham, fading remnants of human beings in the state of Kama Loka; shells or elementaries.

WG Pisacha, an evil spirit or demon; an evil ghost.

SKs Pisacha Pisacha is used in different ways. Usually it is an elementary or astral shell (Kama-rupa) of an evil man who has become soulless. This shell often finds its way back to a living human body and becomes a vampire. Pisacha is also used in The Secret Doctrine in the sense of a Chhaya or the astral form of the first Races of men. In the Puranas these Pisachas are referred to as 'Devils'; but H. P. Blavatsky tells us that these devils often refer to those huge astral forms of the first Races of men. (Derivation uncertain.)

SD INDEX Pisacha (daughter of Daksha) mother of the Pisachas I 415

SD INDEX Pisachas (Skt) I 415, 571


SD INDEX Pisces II 656. See also Fish, Mina

constellation of Messiah I 385, 654
does not refer to Christ alone I 653
Night of Brahma & I 376; II 579n
planets conjunct in, at Jesus' birth I 654
runs throughout two Testaments I 264
southern, & beg of kali-yuga I 663
Zabulon [Zebulun], son of Jacob, or I 651

SD INDEX Pisciculi (Lat) [little fishes] Christians called themselves II 313n

TG Pistis Sophia (Sk.). "Knowledge-Wisdom." A sacred book of the early Gnostics or the primitive Christians.

WGa Pistis Sophia, a sacred Gnostic work; full of mysticism; very obscure in its terms.

vowels, lights, powers II 569-70

SD INDEX Pistis Sophia

Barbelo invisible god II 570 &n
discovery & publishing of II 566n
earlier work than Revelation I 410
echoes archaic belief I 577
IEOV in I 449
King's translation conforms to Church II 569n
oldest Gnostic gospel II 604
original, probably pre-Christian II 566n
quotes Book of Enoch II 535
read in light of Gita, Anugita II 569
rescue fr Chaos by Christos I 132n
seven elements of man II 604-5
seven great gods, triads II 462, 512
sevens, forty-nine II 618
seven vowels, forty-nine powers I 410-11; II 564
sound, speech, voices II 563

SD INDEX Pisuna (Skt) spy, Narada called II 48

SD INDEX Pit. See also South Pole

in Ezekiel II 492
South Pole, Hell or II 274, 357, 785
Virgo or Astraea descends into II 786

TG Pitaras (Sk.). Fathers, Ancestors. The fathers of the human races.

SD INDEX Pitar, Pitara [Pitaras] (Skt) fathers. See also Pitri(s)

Brahma (esoterically) II 60
-devatas created lower man II 94-5
divine, of first race II 394n
divine sacrificers, pitris or II 605
first race evolved fr II 329
Peris of Persia fr II 394n
progenitors of fifth race II 394n
progenitors of man II 88
Zeus, primeval progenitors of II 421

TG Pitar Devata (Sk.). The "Father-Gods", the lunar ancestors of mankind.

SD INDEX Pitar-devatas (Skt). See also Pitris

first gods before "no-gods" II 248
modes of procreation & II 148
progenitors of physical man II 94-5, 171
solar month is one day of II 620

SD INDEX Pithecanthropos alalus

caveman was not II 741n
fossils of, absent in Eocene II 679
man never was, (Joly) II 661
speechless savage of Haeckel II 677n

SD INDEX Pithecoid(s). See also Anthropoids, Apes

accidental, unnatural creation II 261
ancestors in Tertiary I 190
breeding of, explained I 190; II 286
fr fourth race man & extinct mammal II 683
Haeckel's theoretical, man II 667
Huxley tries to prove II 687
-man a fiction II 669
modern, & lemur compared II 717
-Noah & his three sons II 655
skull not under Atlantic II 727
stocks & Eocene II 676
third round, -like ancestor of man I 234

TG Pitris (Sk.). The ancestors, or creators of mankind. They are of seven classes, three of which are incorporeal, arupa, and four corporeal. In popular theology they are said to be created from Brahma's side. They are variously genealogized, but in esoteric philosophy they are as given in the Secret Doctrine. In Isis Unveiled it is said of them: "It is generally believed that the Hindu term means the spirits of our ancestors, of disembodied people, hence the argument of some Spiritualists that fakirs (and yogis) and other Eastern wonder-workers, are mediums. This is in more than one sense erroneous. The Pitris are not the ancestors of the present living men, but those of the human kind, or Adamic races; the spirits of human races, which on the great scale of descending evolution preceded our races of men, and they were physically, as well as spiritually, far superior to our modern pigmies. In Manava Dharma Shastra they are called the Lunar Ancestors." The Secret Doctrine has now explained that which was cautiously put forward in the earlier Theosophical volumes.

IU Pitris. -- It is generally believed that the Hindu term Pitris means the spirits of our direct ancestors; of disembodied people. Hence the argument of some spiritualists that fakirs, and other Eastern wonder-workers, are mediums; that they themselves confess to being unable to produce anything without the help of the Pitris, of whom they are the obedient instruments. This is in more than one sense erroneous. The Pitris are not the ancestors of the present living men, but those of the human kind or Adamic race; the spirits of human races which, on the great scale of descending evolution, preceded our races of men, and were physically, as well as spiritually, far superior to our modern pigmies. In Manava-Dharma-Sastra they are called the Lunar ancestors.

WG Pitris, fathers, lunar spirits, beings perfected (within its scope) upon the lunar chain of planets, transferred hither to lead and guide humanity. Some Indian wonderworkers claim the help of pitris.

OG Pitri(s) -- (Sanskrit) A word meaning "father." There are seven (or ten) classes of pitris. They are called "fathers" because they are more particularly the actual progenitors of our lower principles; whereas the dhyani-chohans are actually, in one most important sense, our own selves. We were born from them; we were the monads, we were the atoms, the souls, projected, sent forth, emanated, by the dhyanis. The pitris, for easy understanding, may be divided into two great groups, the solar and lunar. The lunar pitris or barhishads, as the name implies, came from the moon-chain; while the solar pitris whom we may group under the expressive name agnishvatta-pitris are those dhyan-chohans which have not the physical "creative fire," because they belong to a much superior sphere of being, but they have all the fires of the spiritual-intellectual realms active or latent within them as the case may be. In preceding manvantaras they had finished their evolution so far as the realms of astral and physical matter were concerned, and when the proper time came in the cycling ages, the agnishvatta-pitris came to the rescue of those who had only the physical creative fire, or barhishad-pitris, the lunar pitris, inspiring and enlightening these lower pitris with the spiritual and intellectual energies or "fires." In other words, the lunar pitris may briefly be said to be those consciousness-centers in the human constitution which feel humanly, which feel instinctually, and which possess the brain-mind mentality. The agnishvatta-pitris are those monadic centers of the human constitution which are of a purely spiritual type. (See also Agnishvatas, Lunar Pitris)

GH Pitris literally Fathers: referring to (a) the deceased father, grandfathers, and great grandfathers of a person, and (b), the Progenitors of the human race. To both classes rites are performed (Sraddhas) and oblations presented (Pindas) -- to which the text refers. The Progenitors are of seven groups or classes: the three higher classes are called Arupa-Pitris -- commonly Solar Pitris or Agnishvatta-Pitris, i.e., those who have no physical 'creative fire' albeit the enlighteners of the mind of man (the Manasaputras of The Secret Doctrine,); the four lower classes are called Barhishads -- commonly Lunar Pitris who fashion mankind's vehicle, i.e., the Monads undergoing evolution in the Lunar Chain who, transfer their energies to the Earth-chain at the time of its reimbodiment. (See Marichi.) "The Progenitors of Man, called in India 'Fathers, Pitaras or Pitris, are the creators of our bodies and lower principles. They are ourselves, as the first personalities, and we are they. . . . they were 'lunar Beings."' (Secret Doctrine, II, p. 88) (Bhagavad-Gita, W. Q. Judge, p. 68)

SKo Pitri, Kumara, Agnishwatta, Manasaputra, Barhishad The Pitris are the 'Fathers' of mankind, or the Progenitors of the various parts of the human being, inner and outer. The Solar Pitris -- the Kumaras, Agnishwattas, and Manasaputras -- are the fashioners of the higher parts of man; and the Lunar Pitris or Barhishads are the builders of the human astral form from which the physical body evolves. Kumaras, literally translated, means 'Youths'; from a compound of ku -- with difficulty, and mara -- mortal, from the verbal root mri -- to die. But the Kumaras mystically interpreted refer to a class of Dhyan-Chohans. They are pure spiritual beings of a passive nature, youths of the Cosmos, who are destined to pass through all experiences in the realms of matter, hence to become 'mortal with difficulty,' in order to attain active self-conscious divinity; for "Where there is no struggle there is no merit." The Agnishwattas are those Dhyan-Chohans who have become through evolution in the realms of matter one in essence with the fire of spirit, become self-conscious spiritual beings. Agnishwatta is a compound of agni -- fire or inner essence, and swatta, the past participle-form of the verb-root swad -- to taste; hence they are those who have tasted or become one with the fire of spirit or the Buddhi-Manasic part of man. The Manasaputras are the 'Sons of Mind'; a compound of manasa -- the adjectival form of manas -- mind, and putra -- son. The Manasaputras are those Dhyan-Chohans whose higher Manasic principle is highly developed through the illumination of Buddhi. They belong to the Hierarchy of Compassion and their spiritual labor is to quicken the fires of mind in lesser beings. We learn from the Esoteric Commentaries that a certain class of Agnishwattas became Manasaputras by entering the undeveloped minds of the humans of the Third Root-Race of the Fourth Round, in order to awaken the latent and yet unevoked powers of mind, of egoity, of self-consciousness, and of the responsibility of choice. Thus they set the human race on that inner pathway that leads to self-conscious divinity. This act of the Manasaputras may be compared to the flame which sets alight the candle and brings forth its own powers of light-giving.

We may represent the activities of these three classes of Dhyan-Chohans -- the Kumaras, Agnishwattas, and Manasaputras, which are truly names for the same beings but in different stages of evolution -- in the following way: At the opening of a planetary Manvantara, the human monad of purely spiritual origin, as yet an un-self-conscious god, or in other words, the latent Divinity within, is the Kumara. At the end of the Planetary Manvantara this god-spark has become, through experiences in all the realms of matter, aware of its Divinity, self-consciously divine, hence an Agnishwatta. At the dawn of a new Manvantara these Agnishwattas then kindle the light of mind and understanding in lesser beings, the young humans of the new cycle, and are thus called Manasaputras. From another point of view, a man may be said to be a Kumara in his purely spiritual parts, an Agnishwatta in his Buddhi-Manasic parts, and a Manasaputra in his purely Manasic parts. The Barhishads are those Pitris or 'Fathers' who evolved the human astral form, the model of the physical body. The Barhishads became the human entities of the First Race, entities as yet not lighted by the sacred spark or Manasaputra which awakens the seed which brings forth the flower of human intellect and wisdom. The Barhishad within each man is the human soul. The perfected animal souls of this Manvantara will be the Barhishads or learning human souls of the next Manvantara. The word Barhishad is a compound of barhis, 'sacred grass' or 'fire'; and the verbal root sad -- to sit. By extension of meaning this word was philosophically applied to the builders of the human astral form, because like the Barhishads or those who attended the household-fires seated on the sacred grass, they were concerned with the building of the more material parts of man.

IN Pitri(s) (Skt) "Fathers," progenitors of the human race.

SP Pitr [pitri] -- father or progenitor; also ancestor.

SD INDEX Pitri(s), Lunar I 179-91. See also Barhishads

ancestors of man, become man I 180-1; II 102
astral shadows of first Adams II 45-6 &n, 91n, 137
Brahma as II 60
cannot progress alone I 181-2
ethereal doubles of II 5
ethereal humans of third round I 182
evolve primordial man II 269
evolve shadows of fourth round man I 174, 180, 248
first root-race progeny of I 160
formed physical, animal man I 248
four lower, corporeal, create man II 91-2
have to become men I 180-1
Lords of the Moon I 448; II 75
lunar beings I 264; II 88
mankind offspring of I 224
most developed monads I 174
Pitar Devatas or II 171
progenitors of men II 45, 88, 91, 110
progenitors of physical man I 86-7; II 171
reach human stage in first round I 174
shadows of, dominate 3-1/2 races II 110
shadowy, in Agrippa manuscript II 487
various names for I 227n

SD INDEX Pitri(s), Solar. See also Agnishvattas, Asuras, Kumaras, Self-conscious

adepts of past manvantara II 94
discussed II 88-94
doomed to rebirth by karma II 93-4
endowed man w mind II 89
fashioned the inner man I 87
higher, no physical creation II 80
incarnated in third race II 89, 92-3, 247-8
informing intelligences II 34
our race sprang fr rishis or II 365
prajapatis &, are seed manus II 164
pranidhana & II 88
Prometheus was II 95
three higher classes (arupa) II 91-4
various names for II 92

SD INDEX Pitris (Skt) fathers. See also Ancestors, Asuras, Creators, Dhyanis, Fathers, Kumaras, Lhas, Pitar, Progenitors

endowed man w mind I 539n
forefathers of man I 445; II 683
Kabiri same as II 393
kumaras confounded w II 106
lunar & solar, described I 86-7
material classes of, create man II 91
men &, on Earth & God, demons I 457-8n
not ancestors of present man II 91n
one third of, arupa pitris II 93
our progenitors I 606
regents of worlds, gods or I 99
seven classes of I 179; II 77, 89, 91-2, 97
take charge of planets I 442
twilight, issue fr sons of II 120-1, 163
two types of II 77, 89, 91

SD INDEX Pitris of the Demons, barhishads are II 89

WG Pitri-Patri, lord or king of the pitris.

WG Pitri-yajna, sacrifice to the manes or pitris. (pitri, forefather; yajna, sacrifice.)

SD INDEX Pivot, manas or II 241

TG Piyadasi (Pali). "The beautiful", a title of King Chandragupta (the "Sandracottus" of the Greeks) and of Asoka the Buddhist king, his grandson. They both reigned in Central India between the fourth and third centuries B.C., called also Devanampiya, "the beloved of the gods".

FY Piyadasi, another name for Asoka (q.v.)

SD INDEX Piyadasi [Piyadassi] (Pali). See Asoka