COLLATION OF THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARIES

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List of Title Abbreviations (in alphabetical order)


SD INDEX Atabulus (Lat) [a hot burning wind (Sirocco)], diabolos, devil, Simoo(m)n II 385


SD INDEX Atabutos. See Atabulus


SD INDEX Atah. See Attah


TG Atala (Sk.). One of the regions in the Hindu lokas, and one of the seven mountains; but esoterically Atala is on an astral plane, and was, once on a time, a real island upon this earth.

SD INDEX Atala (Skt)

Atlantis, White Island & II 322, 403, 408
one of seven dvipas (islands) II 40
Sankha-dvipa called II 405
Wilford mistaken re II 147, 402-3


TG Atalanta Fugiens (Lat.). A famous treatise by the eminent Rosicrucian Michael Maier; it has many beautiful engravings of Alchemic symbolism: here is to be found the original of the picture of a man and woman within a circle, a triangle around it, then a square: the inscription is, "From the first ens proceed two contraries, thence come the three principles, and from them the four elementary states; if you separate the pure from the impure you will have the stone of the Philosophers". [W. W. W]


SD INDEX At-al-as, divine sun II 361


SD INDEX Atash- [Atas-] Behram, Zoroastrian sacred fire I 338n


TG Atarpi (Chald.), or Atarpi-nisi, the "man". A personage who was "pious to the gods"; and who prayed the god Hea to remove the evil of drought and other things before the Deluge is sent. The story is found on one of the most ancient Babylonian tablets, and relates to the sin of the world. In the words of G. Smith "the god Elu or Bel calls together an assembly of the gods, his sons, and relates to them that he is angry at the sin of the world"; and in the fragmentary phrases of the tablet: ". . . . I made them . . . . Their wickedness I am angry at, their punishment shall not be small . . . . let food be exhausted, above let Vul drink up his rain", etc., etc. In answer to Atarpi's prayer the god Hea announces his resolve to destroy the people he created, which he does finally by a deluge.


TG Atash Behram (Zend.). The sacred fire of the Parsis, preserved perpetually in their fire-temples.


SD INDEX Atavism

law of I 261
man's stature & II 749


TG Atef (Eg.) or Crown of Horus. It consisted of a tall white cap with ram's horns, and the uraeus in front. Its two feathers represent the two truths -- life and death.


SD INDEX Athamas (Thomas) II 135


TG Athamaz (Heb.). The same as Adonis with the Greeks, the Jews having borrowed all their gods.

SD INDEX Athamaz (Tamaz), Adam Kadmon same as II 44


TG Athanor (Occult.). The "astral" fluid of the Alchemists, their Archimedean lever; exoterically, the furnace of the Alchemist.

SD INDEX Athanor, astral fluid of alchemists I 81


TG Atharva Veda (Sk.). The fourth Veda; lit., magic incantation containing aphorisms, incantations and magic formulae. One of the most ancient and revered Books of the Brahmans.

FY Atharva Veda, one of the four most ancient and revered books of the ancient Brahmans.

WG Atharva-veda, the fourth of the Vedas.

SD INDEX Atharva-Veda

adbhutam [Rig-Veda] II 621
Agni & Kamadeva II 57
Kama born first II 176
Kasyapa sprang fr time II 382n
three rajamsi [Rig-Veda] II 622n
time II 611-12
watchers & guardians or lipikas I 104n


SD INDEX Atheism I 7 &n, 266

anthropomorphism & II 555
created by religion I 183
idiotic, based on materialism II 158
nihilism & II 651
Secret Doctrine teaches no I 279

SD INDEX Atheist(s) I 644; II 653

Advaitee occultists not I 6
ancient, believed in gods I 611
believers in karma not II 305
Svabhavikas called I 3

SEE ALSO; MONOTHEISM, PANTHEISM, POLYTHEISM, HENOTHEISM


SD INDEX Athena, Athene (Gk). See also Pallas

Apollo &, change into birds II 771
Gladstone on II 77
Prometheus &, create new race II 519


SD INDEX Athenaeum, The I 494; II 314, 647n


SD INDEX Athenaeus, Deipnosophists, on Satan's name II 31n


TG Athenagoras (Gr.). A Platonic philosopher of Athens, who wrote a Greek Apology for the Christians in A.D. 177, addressed to the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, to prove that the accusations brought against them, namely that they were incestuous and ate murdered children, were untrue.

KT Athenagoras. A Platonic Philosopher of Athens, who wrote an apology for the Christians in 177 A.D., addressed to Marcus Aurelius, to prove that the accusations brought against them, viz., that they were incestuous and ate murdered children, were untrue.


SD INDEX Athenian(s)

sacrifice to Boreas, etc I 467
Swanwick re Zeus & II 411-12n
Unknown God of I 327


SD INDEX Athens

fossil monkeys found near II 723n
Prometheus Bound & II 413
submerged in ancient times II 270n


SD INDEX Athivahikas I 132. See Adhivahikas


SD INDEX Athotis (Egy), built palace of Memphis II 334


TG Athor (Eg.). "Mother Night." Primeval Chaos, in the Egyptian cosmogony. The goddess of night.


SD INDEX Athtor I 346. See Hathor


SD INDEX Atizoe (Pers stone), magi consulted II 346


TG Ativahikas (Sk.). With the Visishtadwaitees, these are the Pitris, or Devas, who help the disembodied soul or Jiva in its transit from its dead body to Paramapadha.


SD INDEX Atlantean(s) or Fourth Race. See also Atlantis, Cainite, Daitya, Giants, Root-Race -- Fourth, Ruta

Andaman Islanders, Australians, Tasmanians fr Lemuro- II 195-6, 721
anthropoids in, explained II 185, 193, 201n, 286, 679, 689
apex of physical development I 609; II 319
Aryan Asiatics saw last of II 433
Aryan wars confused w, wars II 776
astronomical records kept by II 353
Asuramaya an II 47, 50, 67-8, 70
bred w descendants of mindless II 286
built great images II 331
Cainites, sons of Ham II 146
called the Great Dragons II 756
cities of II 20-1
civilization of, & Egypt II 426, 429-31
civilized & savage II 723
colors of II 178, 227, 249, 433n
completely human species II 227n, 266, 715n
continent in Eocene, Miocene II 693
Cro-Magnon, Guanches, Basques, & II 678n, 740, 791
Cyclopes belong to II 293
Deluge not Chaldean or biblical II 4
destruction of II 147n, 178, 350, 424-8, 494, 533-4, 693, 742n
devs (Persian) were II 394
"divined the coming of floods" II 429
dragon of Revelation &, magic II 356
Druid priests descendants of II 756
dwarfs among II 331, 433n
Earth grosser in mid-, race II 250
Easter Islands & II 224, 326
eleven "Buddhas" of II 423n
endured for millions of years II 263
ethereal prototypes of II 9
Europe rising during, peak II 722-3, 740-1
fell into savagery II 743-4
forefathers of apes II 201n
giants II 9, 70, 93-4n, 146, 224, 227n, 232n, 236, 265, 350, 433 &n, 753 &n, 756, 760
gibborim, rakshasas were I 415; II 273-4
gravitated to South Pole II 274
hierophants II 530
highly civilized, intellectual I 189, 191, 192n; II 760
incarnations of lunar devas II 495
inhabited surviving islands II 326
initiates taught Cyclopes I 208n
invasions of Europe II 743-4
Irish circular stones were II 343-4
Isis Unveiled refers to II 496
islanders perished II 395
Jupiter belongs to, cycle II 270
karma "bruised the heel" of II 411
karma of, & 5th race II 302-3
King of Tyre (Ezekiel) & II 492-3
"land of bliss" of II 356
language developed in I 189; II 198-200
last of, mixed w Aryans II 444
Lemurians & I 190; II 319-20, 333-4
libraries destroyed II 692
magic black & white I 192n; II 273
magic lang of, priests I 464
"mash-mak" force known to I 563
mated w animals II 286-7, 331, 689, 775
mid-, twenty-nineth kalpa II 249
Miocene destruction of II 693
moon, sun & I 397
mysteries secret after II 124
Noah was an, (Faber) II 265, 390
no anthropoids in brighter days of II 679
no fresh monads since mid II 303
now viewed as mythical II 761
one-third of, joined fifth race II 350
Paleolithic man was II 740 &n, 790
perished on Ruta & Daitya II 433
Peruvian colony offshoot of II 745
pioneers of fourth race not II 323
pride of II 271, 760
prototypes of Nimrods, Hamites II 272
Puranic accounts of II 140, 146-7 &n, 232n
pyramids, menhirs & II 352
rakshasas & asuras I 415; II 227n, 232n, 276, 323
records on prehistoric skins II 692
religion of II 273-4
rocking stones built by II 343-4, 347
Ruta & Greeks & Romans II 436
Ruta last large island of I 650
sacrificers to god of matter II 273
Sanskrit not spoken by I 23
satyrs among II 775
Senzar of, fr third race I xliii
seven, divisions of Earth II 366
seven sacred islands not II 326
several humanities in II 433n
size of II 331, 760
skeletons may be discovered II 674
sleep never disturbed by dreams II 761
sorcerers, giants, & unholy destroyed I 419; II 93-4n, 350, 495, 636
sorcery of I 397; II 272 &n, 286, 371n, 493, 503, 772
Stone Age man & II 716n, 720-1
submerged in Miocene II 156, 395 &n, 433
superhuman powers II 760, 764
Telchines were Titans II 391
third eye atrophied II 302, 306
Titans, fallen angels, & I 417-19
Titans, Kabiri, & II 265, 390-1
Uranus(os) first king of II 762, 765
used magic against Sun II 762
went fr Sahara to Mexico by land II 424
"White Island," seven kumaras & II 584
writing invented by II 439, 442
zodiacal records II 49


SD INDEX Atlantes (Gk). See also Atlanteans, Atlantis

Diodorus on II 762, 765
Herodotus on II 761-2, 771n
Titans &, (Faber) II 360, 765
Titans called II 360


SD INDEX Atlantic II 405, 408

continent possible (Huxley) II 780-1
great, flood II 353
huge Lemurian islands in II 327, 333
islands & New World flora II 322n, 791-2
Milky Ocean or I 419


SD INDEX Atlantic Islands, The. See Benjamin, S. G. W.


SD INDEX Atlantic Ridge(s) II 792-3

confirms horseshoe land bridge II 333
three long II 782


TG Atlantidae (Gr.). The ancestors of the Pharaohs and the forefathers of the Egyptians, according to some, and as the Esoteric Science teaches. (See Sec. Doct., Vol. II., and Esoteric Buddhism.) Plato heard of this highly civilized people, the last remnant of which was submerged 9,000 years before his day, from Solon, who had it from the High Priests of Egypt. Voltaire, the eternal scoffer, was right in stating that "the Atlantidae (our fourth Root Race) made their appearance in Egypt. . . . . It was in Syria and in Phrygia, as well as Egypt, that they established the worship of the Sun." Occult philosophy teaches that the Egyptians were a remnant of the last Aryan Atlantidae.


SD INDEX Atlantides (seven daughters of Atlas)

cursed the Sun II 407
historical II 76
Pleiades or II 768
symbols of subraces, fourth Race II 493


TG Atlantis (Gr.). The continent that was submerged in the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans according to the secret teachings and Plato.

FY Atlantis, the continent that was submerged in the Southern and Pacific Oceans.

WGa Atlantis, a former continent which was submerged long ago during the cataclysms which overtook other races. A part of it was on the Atlantic floor, and hence the name of that ocean as well as Mount Atlas. But it included much more, and probably the Americas among other lands.

SD INDEX Atlantis. See also Atlanteans, Atlantes, Axis, Deluge, Root-Race -- Fourth

adept re, before Plato's II 406
Africa & II 263-4, 314, 740, 761
alchemy born in II 763n
ancient writers describe II 767-8
art of II 426
astronomical allegory (Massey) II 353
astronomical evidence of II 407-8
Asuramaya's birthplace II 50, 67-8
Atlas & II 761, 763, 768
Bailly rejected submersion of II 265
broke into seven pieces (dvipas) II 405
cause of Deluge of II 349-50, 410, 427, 533-4, 636
Ceylon remnant of II 314
continents & kings before II 765
Cyclopean relics of I 208-9n; II 335-47, 742-60
destroyed by water II 316, 762
destruction of II 222-3, 313-14
divine dynasties of II 370-1, 773
Eocene height of II 710, 717
evidence for II 740, 780-2, 790-3
Ezekiel refers to II 494 &n
Faber re II 144, 264-5
Flood nearly wiped out II 309, 406n
flora evidence for II 322n, 727, 739
fourth continent I 369; II 8, 334, 606n
giants of II 275-6, 753, 777n
Hindu Aryans dwelt in II 406
histories of, destroyed II 763n
holy island black w sin II 371-2
Iranian folklore records II 393-4
Isis Unveiled on II 384
islands & continents of II 67, 220-4, 265, 322-3, 350
Latona-Niobe story & II 771-2 &n
lemming migrations & II 782
Lemuria & II 221, 266, 333
Lyell's "explanation" of II 787-8
Maligasima, "Maurigosima" II 365
man on, submerged (Gould) II 218-19
Mayas coeval w Plato's II 35n
moral depravity & sinking of II 786
mountain peaks of II 763
names for II 323-4n
Neptune divided, among sons II 406
Noah & II 222, 265
northern & southern parts of II 371n
Northern Hyperborean II 770n
overlapped Aryan race II 433n
Pengelly re II 726-7
Phlegyae & II 144, 265, 365
Phrygian priests describe II 371
pithecoid skull & II 727
Plato's, coeval w Mayas II 34-5n
Plato's, in Hindu dress II 407-8
Plato's island/continent II 8, 141, 250n, 314, 323, 324n, 352, 370-1, 395, 743n, 761 &n, 767-8
postdiluvian (Bailly) II 265-6
Proclus re II 408-9
pyramids fr Plato's II 429
race of magicians II 222
remnants of II 222-3
"Romakapura" last of II 50, 67-8
Ruta, Daitya & I 650-1; II 314n, 433, 740
sacerdotal language of I xliii, 464
Saka-, Sankha dvipa, & Sankhasura were II 322, 407-8 &n
sank end of Miocene II 8n, 10, 156, 314n, 395n, 433 &n, 693, 710, 740, 778
science denies existence of II 314, 429
secrecy re knowledge of II 763-4
seven islands of II 350, 408-9
sinking of, remnants II 124, 141, 250, 313-14, 332, 352, 395, 433&n
Sons of Light, Darkness in II 772-3
submerged I 439n; II 140-1, 156, 266, 306, 310, 395, 606n, 693, 778, 786
subraces & seven daughters II 768
survivors of, in Gobi II 371-2
Sweden as Plato's, (Rudbeck) II 402
Theophrastus [Theopompus] re II 371, 760
theory of, factual (Seeman) II 781
Thevetata king-demon of II 222
Vaivasvata & II 265, 310
war betw initiates & sorcerers I 419
White Island, Atala & II 67, 322, 403, 408 &n
Wilford's mistakes re II 402-9
Yudhishthira at sinking of I 369
Zarathustra fr early II 322-3


SD INDEX Atlantis: The Antediluvian World. See Donnelly, I.


SD INDEX Atlanto-Aryans

first settled Egypt II 746
Greeks, Romans, Egyptians fr II 436
kings of Egypt II 750-1
red Adams or II 426


SD INDEX Atlanto-Lemurians. See also Lemuro-Atlanteans

religion of II 272
sires of later anthropoids II 688n
took mindless wives II 283
Veda went forth to II 483


SD INDEX Atlantosaurus immanis II 218


SD INDEX Atlas. See also Niobe

Atlantis named after II 765
myth of II 762-3, 772
Orion or, supports world II 277, 763, 791
Pleiades daughters of II 618, 768
symbol of fourth race II 493-4


SD INDEX Atlas, Mt

Atlantes gave name to II 371, 761
fables of II 493-4
fourth race Mt Meru II 493
island in Lemurian times II 264, 763 &n
not Meru II 401n, 404, 493-4
Sun set at foot of II 407
where "the gods were born" II 765
Wilford mistaken on II 401n, 402n, 404


TG Atma (or Atman) (Sk.). The Universal Spirit, the divine Monad, the 7th Principle, so-called, in the septenary constitution of man. The Supreme Soul.

KT Atman, or Atma (Sans.) The Universal Spirit, the divine monad, "the seventh Principle," so called, in the exoteric "septenary" classification of man. The Supreme Soul.

FY Atma, the spirit; the divine monad; the seventh principle of the septenary human constitution.

WG Atma, the spirit of the universe; spirit; soul; the animating spiritual breath; the permanent Self; the highest principle of life in the universe; in one sense Brahma, the supreme deity and soul of the universe.

WGa Atman, the same as Atma, which see.

OG Atman -- (Sanskrit) The root of atman is hardly known; its origin is uncertain, but the general meaning is that of "self." The highest part of man -- self, pure consciousness per se. The essential and radical power or faculty in man which gives to him, and indeed to every other entity or thing, its knowledge or sentient consciousness of selfhood. This is not the ego.
This principle (atman) is a universal one; but during incarnations its lowest parts take on attributes, because it is linked with the buddhi, as the buddhi is linked with the manas, as the manas is linked to the kama, and so on down the scale.
Atman is also sometimes used of the universal self or spirit which is called in the Sanskrit writings Brahman (neuter), and the Brahman or universal spirit is also called the paramatman.
Man is rooted in the kosmos surrounding him by three principles, which can hardly be said to be above the first or atman, but are, so to say, that same atman's highest and most glorious parts.
The inmost link with the Unutterable was called in ancient India by the term "self," which has often been mistranslated "soul." The Sanskrit word is atman and applies, in psychology, to the human entity. The upper end of the link, so to speak, was called paramatman, or the "self beyond," i.e., the permanent SELF -- words which describe neatly and clearly to those who have studied this wonderful philosophy, somewhat of the nature and essence of the being which man is, and the source from which, in beginningless and endless duration, he sprang. Child of earth and child of heaven, he contains both in himself.
We say that the atman is universal, and so it is. It is the universal selfhood, that feeling or consciousness of selfhood which is the same in every human being, and even in all the inferior beings of the hierarchy, even in those of the beast kingdom under us, and dimly perceptible in the plant world, and which is latent even in the minerals. This is the pure cognition, the abstract idea, of self. It differs not at all throughout the hierarchy, except in degree of self-recognition. Though universal, it belongs (so far as we are concerned in our present stage of evolution) to the fourth kosmic plane, though it is our seventh principle counting upwards.

SKo Atman The SELF; the Divinity or Highest Principle of man; pure consciousness. Atman is that universal SELF of man which is the same in every living being and which links each and all with Brahman, the SELF of the Universe. The root of the word Atman is uncertain, but it is very likely from a verb-root meaning 'to breathe.'

WW Atman [A] Sanskrit word which means nothing but the Self; but upon a proper understanding of this word hinges a proper conception of Hindu philosophy. It is the keyword of all, or nearly all, the oriental philosophies. There are six of these: the Shad-darsana, from shash, six, and darsana, from the root dris, to look at, to see, hence those six things (or systems) which are 'seen' or studied. They regard a system of philosophy as that which the inner eye sees. What sees it, finally, what is the inner eye? The Atman, principally and first of all the Self. You have often heard the phrase in Patanjali, "The universe exists for the purpose of the Soul" That can mean: "The Self exists for the purpose of the universe." Now this word Atman is sometimes translated soul. It is a mistake. There are other words used for Soul, but Atman is the root-self, the Spirit. The difference between spirit and souls may be likened to a sun and the rays of the sun. Thus, Atman is the source and center of consciousness; in each of us a Sun [[Symbol of a circle with one dot at the center]]. This is the Atman, and these are the rays without number. Light may be conceived as proceeding from the sun as a flood. We may also conceive it as in rays, which is the usual way, and it is as rays that the ancient philosophers seem to have preferred to consider it. You will find it in the old Egyptian paintings and carvings, where you sometimes will also see a sun with its rays, each ray ending in a hand.

But now each ray may be considered as a soul. The soul, psychologically speaking, is that aspect of the human individuality which incarnates. Atman does not incarnate. There is no need for Atman to incarnate; it does not learn, it has no need to learn. Mind you, I speak of our own universe. In other universes Atman may be but a soul to a higher Atman, and Atman the Self may be as it were lower than a soul; it may be but an atom, insignificant; but that is beyond us now. When questioned on this point the Lord Buddha is said to have kept silence, not because he did not know, but because he did not think it necessary to touch upon it, because it is beyond our power to properly conceive it. It is because the Christians overestimated their faculties in the pride of their hearts and dragged down this glorious conception of the divine sun in man, that they made of their God one thing, of their church another, and of their Jesus a third, separate, yet united to the first. A mystery to them, explainable only by Theosophy.

Consider the sun Atman, each ray a soul. As the soul passes through matter it reaches the earth, and as it goes through the spiritual and psychic atmosphere it loses a large part of its divine glory, of its illuminating power; not that it loses in itself its faculty of light, but the deeper it sinks into matter it loses more and more of its individuality, it falls asleep, because weaker, spiritually flaccid. Now Atman is immortal, boundless, beyond knowledge, possessing all things, instant in its action. The soul is not. If the soul can struggle through life's shadow by gathering itself into itself -- to use a beautiful figure in the Hebrew Bible, as a mother will gather her little child in her arms -- in the same way the diviner part will gather the lower part into Itself. How is this done? Through struggle, through suffering, age after age, through different deaths; and as the soul gathers itself it gets a little higher, if there is no falling back, until finally it proceeds in glory and reaches its Atman, itself, its god, and god within. "I and my Father are one", said Jesus, "I" was the soul struggling below; the Father was the Atman, the self.

IN Atman (Skt) "Self," universal spirit, the highest consciousness in all entities, including man.

SP Atman -- soul or self

jivatman -- the living or individual self
paramatman -- the supreme or universal self
sutratman -- the thread self of individuality in successive incarnations.

SD INDEX Atma(n) (Skt). See also Kshetrajna

alone remains I 570-1n
anatman & I 59n
assumes illusive body I 570
Avalokitesvara & I 110 &n, 130n, 471
beyond Isvara I 573-4
breath of life I 226n, 291
buddhi & I xix, 119, 157, 177, 179, 193, 245, 334, 570; II 231n, 580 central & polar suns & II 241
Christos of Gnostics I 132n
connection betw manas & II 579
diagram I 157, 242; II 593, 596, 632
highest, not spirit I 573
neshamah & I 242-5
no body or shape I 245
not in the Tiaou I 227
not of this plane I 244
one w Paramatman I 265
passes into Non-being I 193
Purvaja, protologos, or II 108
ray of the One I 181, 222
relation to human ego II 79, 110
seventh (or fourth) principle I 153n, 158; II 403
spirit or I 153 &n, 213, 242, 571
synthesis of the six principles I 334
thread soul (Vedanta) I 610n
universal spirit in man I 571; II 596
Unmanifested Logos (cosmic) II 596

SEE ALSO; PRINCIPLES, PARAMATMAN, BUDDHI, MANAS, KAMA, PRANA, LINGA-SARIRA, STHULA-SARIRA, PLANES


TG Atma-bhu (Sk.). Soul-existence, or existing as soul. (See "Alaya".)

SD INDEX Atma-bhu (Skt), kama is II 176, 578


TG Atmabodha (Sk.). Lit., "Self-knowledge"; the title of a Vedantic treatise by Sankaracharya.

FY Atmabodha (Lit. "self-knowledge"), the title of a Vedantic treatise by Sankara-charya.


SD INDEX Atma-buddhi (Skt)

aupapaduka (anupadaka in tx) & I 52
blind without manas I 242n; II 123n
dhyani has to be I 193
first & second races & II 254n
guru or instructor II 113
human monad I 178-9
manas absorbed by I 220, 237, 243-5
manas follows, to devachan I 334
manas hangs fr I 238
Parabrahman-mulaprakriti I 68-9n
sattva I 68-9n
spirit-soul I 213, 216
Uraeus of flame I 227


SD INDEX Atma-buddhi-manas (Skt)

become one II 57 &n
eternal I 227, 570
spirit, soul, intelligence I 18
symbolized in Zohar I 339
third order of celestial beings I 218
three-tongued flame I 237 &n
triple crocodile (Egy) I 220


TG Atma-jnani (Sk.). The Knower of the World-Soul, or Soul in general.

SKv Atma-jnanin, Tattva-jnanin Atma-jnanin is 'the Divine Self-knower'; a com pound of Atman, the divinity of man, and jnanin, the knower, from the verb-root jna -- to know. One who has realized or met face to face the Divinity within him is an Atma-jnanin. Tattva-jnanin is one who knows and understands the abstract cosmic essences or principles from which all in this Universe spring. Tattva literally means the 'that-ness' of a thing, from tat -- that, and tva, a noun suffix.


TG Atma-matrasu (Sk.). To enter into the elements of the "One-Self" (See Sec. Doct. I., 334.) Atmamatra is the spiritual atom, as contrasted with, and opposed to, the elementary differentiated atom or molecule.

SD INDEX Atmamatra, Atmamatrasu (Skt), elements of self I 334


FY Atman, See Atma.


SD INDEX Atmanah or Self I 333


TG Atma Vidya (Sk.). The highest form of spiritual knowledge; lit., "Soul-knowledge".

WG Atma-vidya, knowledge of soul or the Supreme Spirit.

SD INDEX Atma-vidya (Skt) self-knowledge

called Rohanee by Sufis I 199
key to three other vidyas I 168-9


SD INDEX Atmosphere

alters matter passing thru I 142
changes in I 554-5, 633-4; II 53, 159-60
in early periods II 159-60
"Father of man" impervious to II 160
laboratory in our I 583, 625
lungs, mouths of every globe I 144
maruts, lower akasa & II 615
of Mercury, Venus, Mars II 707
mighty ones penetrate our I 434
planetary, & fate of atoms I 143
unknown substances in I 595-6


SD INDEX Atmu (Egy), atma or II 632


OG Atom -- This word comes to us from the ancient Greek philosophers Democritus, Leucippus, and Epicurus, and the hundreds of great men who followed their lead in this respect and who were therefore also atomists -- such, for instance, as the two Latin poets Ennius and Lucretius. This school taught that atoms were the foundation-bricks of the universe, for atom in the original etymological sense of the word means something that cannot be cut or divided, and therefore as being equivalent to particles of what theosophists call homogeneous substance. But modern scientists do not use the word atom in that sense any longer. Some time ago the orthodox scientific doctrine concerning the atom was basically that enunciated by Dalton, to the general effect that physical atoms were hard little particles of matter, ultimate particles of matter, and therefore indivisible and indestructible.
But modern science [1933] has a totally new view of the physical atom, for it knows now that the atom is not such, but is composite, builded of particles still more minute, called electrons or charges of negative electricity, and of other particles called protons or charges of positive electricity, which protons are supposed to form the nucleus or core of the atomic structure. A frequent picture of atomic structure is that of an atomic solar system, the protons being the atomic sun and the electrons being its planets, the latter in extremely rapid revolution around the central sun. This conception is purely theosophical in idea, and adumbrates what occultism teaches, though occultism goes much farther than does modern science.
One of the fundamental postulates of the teachings of theosophy is that the ultimates of nature are atoms on the material side and monads on the energy side. These two are respectively material and spiritual primates or ultimates, the spiritual ones or monads being indivisibles, and the atoms being divisibles -- things that can be divided into composite parts.
It becomes obvious from what precedes that the philosophical idea which formed the core of the teaching of the ancient initiated atomists was that their atoms or "indivisibles" are pretty close to what theosophical occultism calls monads; and this is what Democritus and Leucippus and others of their school had in mind.
These monads, as is obvious, are therefore divine-spiritual life-atoms, and are actually beings living and evolving on their own planes. Rays from them are the highest parts of the constitution of beings in the material realms.

SD INDEX Atom(s). See also Anu, Elements, Jiva, Life-Atoms

Absolute in every I 58-9; II 588
absolutely spiritual I 543
anu (Sanskrit) or, is Boundless I 148, 357
apperceptive monads inform I 632
birth of I 453-5, 545
born each manvantara I 545
centers of force I 507, 630
change in atmosphere I 142
chemical periodicity of II 627-8
combine differently on each planet I 142-3
Crookes on I 546-54, 582
Democritus, Leucippus re I 2, 64, 117, 343
divisibility of I 519-20
drawn together by karma II 672
electricity & I 111n
elementary germs I 139
eleven-year cycle of I 290
every, a life I 76, 248-9, 258, 454
every, life- & death-giving I 261
evolutionary journey of I 183, 268, 522, 620
fill immensity of space I 633
Fohat hardens I 85
force not in, but betw (Hirn) I 511
force resides in I 511-12
germ exists in center of every I 57
"gods" in shape of I 568
gods, monads & I 610-34
heat internal, external in I 84
inanimate, self-guiding I 569
inseparable fr purusha I 582
instinct w desire for life (Tyndall) I 249
intelligent "noumenoi" of I 553
Leibniz on I 628-31
life-, & sleeping- II 672
mathematical point (Mertz) I 628-9
matter-moving nous in I 51
metaphysical object I 485, 513
metempsychosis of I 568n
mineral monad & I 177
monads, universes I 21, 107; II 672n
mystery of, (Father Felix) I 670
nature never leaves, unused II 170
no, is ever created I 582
not eternal I 545, 552
not inorganic I 454
not uniform I 512-13 &n
not yet individualized I 178
occult order of I 218n
omniscience thrills in every I 277
perpetual exchange of I 142
primordial I 148, 455
progressive development of I 43
sciences differ re I 482-3
self-consciousness of every I 10
self-moving, questioned I 670
seven planes of existence I 150
smallest of the small [Vishnu Purana] II 46-7
soul, genius, angel I 567, 569
"-souls" of, (Haeckel) II 670
sound a disturbance of, (Keely) I 565
spirits of, elementals I 221, 567-9
vacuum or void & I 343
vibration, motion of I 2, 455, 633
volume unalterable I 511
vortical, (Thomson) I 117, 579
whirling souls I 568 &n
will rebecome the All I 268
worlds fr primordial II 731
Wundt on I 513


SD INDEX Atomic

theory & materialism I 518
theory borrowed fr ancients I 567-8
theory of evolution I 625
vibrations I 455, 562
vortices I 117, 569


SD INDEX Atomic Weight(s)

element of negative I 581, 584
table of, & number seven II 627


SD INDEX Atomists, Greek & Hindu I 569, 579, 613


SD INDEX Atomo-Mechanical Theory I 512-13 &n


SD INDEX Atonement

Christ victim of II 497
effects of dogma of II 484, 505
goat symbol for II 510
original sin followed by II 699


TG Atri, Sons of (Sk.). A class of Pitris, the "ancestors of man", or the so-called Prajapati, "progenitors"; one of the seven Rishis who form the constellation of the Great Bear.

WG Atri, a famous Rishi, author of a number of Vedic hymns.

SD INDEX Atri (Skt)

Brahma's mind-born son II 78
sons of II 89


SD INDEX Attah (Heb) thou I 78


TG Attavada (Pali). The sin of personality.

FY Attavada, the sin of personality (Pali).


TG Atyantika (Sk.). One of the four kinds of pralaya or dissolution. The "absolute" pralaya.

WG Atyantika Pralaya, absolute dissolution or obscuration, as, for instance, of a whole planetary chain.

SKs Atyantika-Pralaya, Naimittika-Pralaya Atyantika is a compound of ati -- beyond, and anta -- end, hence in combination meaning 'endless.' The Atyantika-Pralaya or 'Endless Dissolution' is enjoyed by an individual who attains Nirvana before the close of the Planetary Manvantara or 'Planetary Manifestation.' Such a god-man is called a Jivanmukta or 'freed Monad,' and because his Nirvana or period of peace and rest is so much longer than the long Nirvana period enjoyed by all beings between Manvantaras, this Pralayic time is considered Atyantika or eternal. However, this is only a metaphorical phrase, because no Pralaya or Nirvana lasts forever.

Naimittika means 'occasional,' the opposite of Nitya or 'constant.' The Naimittika-Pralaya is one which takes place at rare intervals of time, and can therefore be applied to a Planetary or Solar or Universal Pralaya.


SD INDEX At-tee'kah D'at-tee'keen [`Attiqa' D`Attiqin] (Aram), Ancient of Ancients II 83-4


SD INDEX Atteekah Kaddosha [`Attiqa' Qaddisha'] (Aram), formed things masculine & feminine II 528


SD INDEX Attica, people of II 352


SD INDEX Attila I 563


SD INDEX Attock II 417, 418n


SD INDEX Attraction

Boehme on I 494
electricity & I 145
gravity & I 490-1, 500-6, 529-30, 604
kundalini-sakti & I 293
Le Couturier on I 492n, 494
planetary motion not explained by I 529
repulsion & I 12n, 102-3, 293, 489, 497, 604
sexual polarization & I 405


SD INDEX Atwater, Caleb, re Aztecs I 322


SD INDEX Atyantika Pralaya (Skt) I 371; II 69n, 309n


SD INDEX Atys (Gk), son, father, husband I 396


SD INDEX Atzilatic World. See Aziluth


TG Atziluth (Heb.). The highest of the Four Worlds of the Kabbalah referred only to the pure Spirit of God. [W. W. W] See "Aziluth" for another interpretation.


SD INDEX Aub, Ob (Heb), serpent in a circle I 364n


SD INDEX Auction II 603. See Lucian


TG Audlang (Scand.). The second Heaven made by Deity above the field of Ida, in the Norse legends.

SD INDEX Audlang [Andlang] (Norse), second heaven II 100


SD INDEX Audubon, John James, "Birds of the South," yellow water lily of, doubted II 440


TG Audumla (Scand.). The symbol of nature in the Norse mythology; the cow who licks the salt rock, whence the divine Buri is born, before man's creation.

TG Audumla (Scand.). The Cow of Creation, the "nourisher", from which poured four streams of milk which fed the giant Ymir or Orgelmir (matter in ebullition) and his sons, the Hrimthurses (Frost-giants), before the appearance of gods or men. Having nothing to graze upon she licked the salt of the ice-rocks and thus produced Buri, "the Producer" in his turn, who had a son Bor (the born) who married a daughter of the Frost Giants, and had three sons, Odin (Spirit), Wili (Will), and We (Holy). The meaning of the allegory is evident. It is the precosmic union of the elements, of Spirit, or the creative Force, with Matter, cooled and still seething, which it forms in accordance with universal Will. Then the Ases, "the pillars and supports of the World" (Cosmocratores), step in and create as All-father wills them.

MO Audhumla [[Norse]] (a-ood-hum-la) [mythic cow] Symbol of fertility

SD INDEX Audhumla (Norse) primeval cow

mother, cosmic soul I 367
nourisher I 427


TG Augiras. One of the Prajapatis. A son of Daksha; a lawyer, etc., etc.


TG Augoeides (Gr.). Bulwer Lytton calls it the "Luminous Self", or our Higher Ego. But Occultism makes of it something distinct from this. It is a mystery. The Augoeides is the luminous divine radiation of the EGO which, when incarnated, is but its shadow -- pure as it is yet. This is explained in the Amshaspends and their Ferouers.

WG Augoeides (Greek, literally meaning the "self -luminous" or "shining one"), a term applied by the Neo-Platonists to the Higher Ego or Individuality of man, as contradistinguished from his lower self or personality. In the Secret Doctrine the hints given in Isis Unveiled are explained by the statement that the Augoeides, the "Father in Heaven," the "Higher Ego," are synonymous terms referring to the Manasa-Dhyani, who incarnated in or overshadowed the mindless men of the third race, and thus conferred on them the potency of divine, conscious immortality.

SD INDEX Augoeides (Gk), in final initiation I 573


SD INDEX Augur(s)

more numerous now II 518
serpent & II 209


SD INDEX Augustine, St

angelic virtues of I 123 &n
called Devil "monkey of God" II 476
cosmogonical essays of I 441
----- The City of God
Church rejected Enoch II 535
Jesus called a fish II 313n
on Venus-Earth relation II 32
----- Sermon 160th
cross & circumcision II 589


TG Aum (Sk.). The sacred syllable; the triple-lettered unit; hence the trinity in one.

VS Aum (I 10) [[p. 5]] Kala Hamsa, the "Bird" or Swan (Vide No. 11). Says the Nada-Bindu Upanishad (Rig Veda) translated by the Kumbakonum Theos. Society "The syllable A is considered to be its (the bird Hamsa's) right wing, U, its left, M, its tail, and the Ardha-matra (half metre) is said to be its head."

FY Aum, the sacred syllable in Sanskrit representing the trinity.

WGa Aum, the same as Om, which see.

SD INDEX Aum, Om (Skt)

fourth world (race) lost II 408
pranava or I 432n

SEE ALSO; OM, AMEN


TG Anupadaka (Sk.). Anupapadaka, also Aupapaduka; means "parentless", "self-existing", born without any parents or progenitors. A term applied to certain self-created gods, and the Dhyani Buddhas.

WG Anupadaka, without progenitors; a name applied to celestial beings generally, and also to the highest Adepts.

OG Aupapaduka -- (Sanskrit) A compound term meaning "self-produced," "spontaneously generated." It is a term applied in Buddhism to a class of celestial beings called dhyani-buddhas; and because these dhyani-buddhas are conceived of as issuing forth from the bosom of Adi-buddhi or the kosmic mahat without intermediary agency, are they mystically said to be, as H. P. Blavatsky puts it, "parentless" or "self-existing," i.e., born without any parents or progenitors. They are therefore the originants or root from which the hierarchy of buddhas of various grades flows forth in mystical procession or emanation or evolution.
There are variants of this word in Sanskrit literature, but they all have the same meaning. The term aupapaduka is actually a key word, opening a doctrine which is extremely difficult to set forth; but the doctrine itself is inexpressibly sublime. Indeed, not only are there aupapaduka divinities of the solar system, but also of every organic entity, because the core of the core of any organic entity is such an aupapaduka divinity. It is, in fact, a very mystical way of stating the doctrine of the "inner god."
[NOTE: Later research shows that anupapadaka, as found in Monier-Williams' Sanskrit-English Dictionary, is a misreading of aupapaduka. Cf. Franklin Edgerton, Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1953, 2:162. -- PUBLISHER]

SKs Anupapadaka One who is self-born; from an -- not, upa -- according to, and the causative form of the verb-root pad -- to proceed; hence Anupapadaka means 'one who does not cause to proceed according to regular succession,' 'parentless.' A Buddha or any other human being who so purifies his intermediate nature that it may become a channel for his inner divinity is called an Anupapadaka Avatara. (See Avatara in [[SKo]]). His divinity is born or becomes manifest because of the man's own efforts, it is self-evolved. Thus all the beings or gods of the Hierarchy of Compassion are known as Anupapadaka.

SP Anupapadaka -- having no progenitor, parentless, name of a class of celestial beings.

IN Anupapadaka (Skt) "Parentless," self-born or -existing; applied in Buddhism to certain self-created gods and dhyani-buddhas.

SD INDEX Aupapaduka (Skt, Anupadaka in tx) parentless

buddhas of compassion are all I 109
chhaya-loka first garment of I 119
dhyani-buddhas are I 52, 571
Great Wheel was I 27, 47
Kala-chakra on I 52n
mulaprakriti is I 62
point in circle I 91
Space the eternal I 11


SD INDEX Aur, Aour [Or] (Heb) light

En Soph [Ain-soph] not I 354
first primeval light I 76 &n

SEE ALSO; AOUR


TG Aura (Gr. and Lat.). A subtle invisible essence or fluid that emanates from human and animal bodies and even things. It is a psychic effluvium, partaking of both the mind and the body, as it is the electro-vital, and at the same time an electro-mental aura; called in Theosophy the akasic or magnetic aura.

KT Aura (Gr. and Lat.) A subtile invisible essence or fluid that emanates from human, animal, and other bodies. It is a psychic effluvium partaking of both the mind and the body, as there is both an electro-vital and at the same time an electro-mental aura; called in Theosophy the Akasic or magnetic aura. In R. C. Martyrology, a Saint.

OG Aura -- An extremely subtle and therefore invisible essence or fluid that emanates from and surrounds not only human beings and beasts, but as a matter of fact plants and minerals also. It is one of the aspects of the auric egg and therefore the human aura partakes of all the qualities that the human constitution contains. It is at once magneto-mental and electrovital, suffused with the energies of mind and spirit -- the quality in each case coming from an organ or center of the human constitution whence it flows. It is the source of the sympathies and antipathies that we are conscious of. Under the control of the human will it can be both life-giving and healing, or death-dealing; and when the human will is passive the aura has an action of its own which is automatic and follows the laws of character and latent impulses of the being from whom it emanates. Sensitives have frequently described it in more or less vague terms as a light flowing from the eyes or the heart or the tips of the fingers or from other parts of the body. Sometimes this fluid, instead of being colorless light, manifests itself by flashing and scintillating changes of color -- the color or colors in each case depending not only upon the varying moods of the human individual, but also possessing a background equivalent to the character or nature of the individual. Animals are extremely sensitive to auras, and some beasts even descry the human being surrounded with the aura as with a cloud or veil. In fact, everything has its aura surrounding it with a light or play of color, and especially is this the case with so-called animated beings.
The essential nature of the aura usually seen is astral and electrovital. The magnificent phenomena of radiation that astronomers can discern at times of eclipse, long streamers with rosy and other colored light flashing forth from the body of the sun, are not flames nor anything of the sort, but are simply the electrovital aura of the solar body -- a manifestation of solar vitality, for the sun in occultism is a living being, as indeed everything else is.

SD INDEX Aura

dhyani-chohans in world's II 233n
disease &, (Paracelsus) I 538
first race reproduction & II 117
Kabbala re spirits in Earth's I 234n
life copies impressions in I 261
sound, color & I 514n

SEE ALSO; AKASA, ASTRAL LIGHT


SD INDEX Aurgelmir. See Orgelmir


OG Auric Egg -- A term which appertains solely to the more recondite teachings of occultism, of the esoteric philosophy. Little can be said here about it except to state that it is the source of the human aura as well as of everything else that the human septenary constitution contains. It is usually of an oviform or egg-shaped appearance, whence its name. It ranges from the divine to the astral-physical, and is the seat of all the monadic, spiritual, intellectual, mental, passional, and vital energies and faculties of the human septiform constitution. In its essence it is eternal, and endures throughout the pralayas as well as during the manvantaras, but necessarily in greatly varying fashion in these two great periods of kosmic life.


SD INDEX Auric Envelope, astral fossils in II 684


TG Aurnavabha (Sk.). An ancient Sanskrit commentator.

SD INDEX Aurnavabha Acharya (Vedic commentator), on Vishnu's three strides I 112


SD INDEX Aurora, The II 634. See Boehme, J.


SD INDEX Aurora Borealis, Australis

interstellar shoals & I 633-4
radiant matter, light & I 621n
safety valves I 205
sons of Fohat, akasa & I 204-5
yellow corn &, (Zunis) II 629


TG Aurva (Sk.). The Sage who is credited with the invention of the "fiery weapon" called Agneyastra.

SD INDEX Aurva (Skt), gave agneyastra weapon II 629


SD INDEXa Au spectacle de tant de grandeur oppose a celui de tant de misere, l'esprit qui se met a observer ce vaste ensemble, se represente je ne sais quelle grande divinite qu'une divinite, plus grande et plus pressante encore, aurait comme brisee et mise en pieces en dispersant les debris dans tout l'Univers II 554-5n (Fr) "At the sight of such immensity on the one hand, and so much misery on the other, the spirit which undertakes to study this great whole envisions who knows what great divinity that a still vaster and more exacting divinity had shattered, broken to pieces, and scattered the fragments throughout the whole universe." -- de Montlosier, Mysteres de la vie humaine 1.2.126, 1829 ed., Paris


SD INDEX Australia II 763

can produce no new forms II 197
Europe &, once one continent II 333, 781
formerly much closer to India II 8n
Gardiner on II 782-3
Lemurian remnant II 7 & 8n, 314, 324, 328, 333, 789
one of oldest lands II 197


SD INDEX "Australia and Europe formerly one Continent."See Seeman, B.


SD INDEX Australian(s) (aborigines) II 168, 318

archaic flora & fauna of II 196
Atlantean offshoots II 721
brain measurement of II 193n, 661, 682n
descend fr late Lemurians II 195-7, 199n, 328, 779
dying out II 162, 195-6, 332, 779-80
last of higher race (Gerland) II 779
lowest race (Broca) II 195-6 &n, 725
not descended fr anthropoids II 193
Paleolithic hatchets II 716
"They were not ready" II 162
Thomas on II 729


SD INDEX Australoids, fr anthropoids (Huxley) II 315n


SD INDEX Austria

negroid skulls found in II 739
old skulls in, of very tall men II 278


SD INDEX Auszuge aus dem Buche Sohar. See Biesenthal


SD INDEX Authority

pretended, & theosophical books I xix
scientific II 316n


SD INDEX Auto-generation, of the gods I 398


SD INDEX Automata, of Leibniz & Aristotle I 632n


SD INDEXa autournein [autourgein] hapanta II 159 (Gk) "To execute everything himself." -- Aristotle, De Mundo 6.398b.5


SD INDEX Autumn, & figure six II 583


SD INDEX Auvergnat Man, cranial capacity of II 168n


TG Ava-bodha (Sk.). "Mother of Knowledge." A title of Aditi.

WG Avabohda, waking, perception, discrimination, knowledge.

SD INDEX Avabodha (Skt), knowledge II 528


TG Avaivartika (Sk.). An epithet of every Buddha: lit., one who turns no more back; who goes straight to Nirvana.


TG Avalokiteswara (Sk.). "The on-looking Lord." In the exoteric interpretation, he is Padmapani (the lotus bearer and the lotus-born) in Tibet, the first divine ancestor of the Tibetans, the complete incarnation or Avatar of Avalokiteswara; but in esoteric philosophy Avaloki, the "on-looker", is the Higher Self, while Padmapani is the Higher Ego or Manas. The mystic formula "Om mani padme hum" is specially used to invoke their joint help. While popular fancy claims for Avalokiteswara many incarnations on earth, and sees in him, not very wrongly, the spiritual guide of every believer, the esoteric interpretation sees in him the LOGOS, both celestial and human. Therefore, when the Yogacharya School has declared Avalokiteswara as Padmapani "to be the Dhyani Bodhisattva of Amitabha Buddha", it is indeed, because the former is the spiritual reflex in the world of forms of the latter, both being one -- one in heaven, the other on earth.

FY Avalokitesvara, manifested wisdom, or the Divine Spirit in man.

WG Avalokitesvara, a Bhodisattva; the manifested Logos, the synthesis of the seven Dhyani-Buddhas or Dhyan-Chohanic hosts. (avalokita, seen; isvara, lord: the lord who is manifest [to the Self]. Rhys Davids renders it, "the lord who looks down from on high.")

OG Avalokitesvara -- (Sanskrit) A compound word: avalokita, "perceived," "seen"; Isvara, "lord"; hence "the Lord who is perceived or cognized," i.e., the spiritual entity, whether in the kosmos or in the human being, whose influence is perceived and felt; the higher self. This is a term commonly employed in Buddhism, and concerning which a number of intricate and not easily understood teachings exist. The esoteric or occult interpretation, however, sees in Avalokitesvara what Occidental philosophy calls the Third Logos, both celestial and human. In the solar system it is the Third Logos thereof; and in the human being it is the higher self, a direct and active ray of the divine monad. Technically Avalokitesvara is the dhyani-bodhisattva of Amitabha-Buddha -- Amitabha-Buddha is the kosmic divine monad of which the dhyani-bodhisattva is the individualized spiritual ray, and of this latter again the manushya-buddha or human buddha is a ray or offspring.

SP Avalokitesvara -- in Mahayana Buddhism, the Bodhisattva who especially embodies compassion: Tibetan Chenrezi, Chinese Kuan-yin, and Japanese Kannon.

SD INDEX Avalokitesvara (Skt) I 471-2. See also Bodhisattva, Chenresi, Padmapani

Adi-buddha manifests as I 110
becomes manifest to us I xix
incarnates in Dalai & Tashi Lamas II 178
Kwan-shi-yin, Kwan-yin I 72, 136, 470-1
Kwan-yin female aspect of I 72
Logos(oi) I 71-2 &n, 74n, 108, 130n, 136, 471; II 178, 637
manifests periodically II 178
mind-born sons of I 213
other names for I 110, 428; II 178-9
seven dhyani-buddhas & I 108
seventh principle of man, cosmos I 74n
unborn, eternal energy center I 130n


SD INDEX Avara (Skt), inferior II 163, 183


WG Avarana-sakti, the power that makes one thing appear as another.

WGa Avarana-sakti, centripetal force or power.


TG Avarasaila Sangharama (Sk.). Lit., the School of the Dwellers on the western mountain. A celebrated Vihara (monastery) in Dhanakstchaka, according to Eitel, "built 600 B.C., and deserted A.D. 600".


TG Avastan (Sk.). An ancient name for Arabia.


TG Avasthas (Sk.). States, conditions, positions.

FY Avasthas, states, conditions, positions.

WG Avastha, state, condition.

SKv Avastha, Jagrat, Svapna, Sushupti, Turiya Avastha is a state or condition of consciousness; derived from the verb-root stha -- to stand, to be, and ava -- down. There are four Avasthas or states of conscious ness: Jagrat is 'the waking state,' that condition of consciousness in which a man normally acts while awake; from the verb-root jagri -- to be awake. Svapna is 'the sleeping-dreaming state,' that condition of sleeping-dreaming consciousness which a man undergoes while passing through the astral realms either in reverie, in sleep, or after death; derived from the verb-root svap -- to sleep, to dream. Sushupti is 'the deep-sleeping state,' a state of self-oblivion and utter unconsciousness for the Human Ego, but a conscious state for the Higher Mind. Dr. de Purucker says: "It is a consciousness so intense, so keen, so spiritual, with reaches so vast, that the poor limited brain . . . cannot hold it or record it." [The Theosophical Forum, April, 1936, p. 252] This state of Sushupti is enjoyed by a man's Higher Ego (often called the Reimbodying Ego or Manasaputric Ego) during deep sleep, and after death in the higher degrees of Devachan, and during spiritual Initiations. Turiya is 'the fourth state of consciousness,' that of pure divine-spiritual consciousness or Samadhi. Turiya is a derived form of chatur meaning 'four.' This state, often called Turiya-Samadhi, is attained by Buddhas and Christs in their moments of enlightened self-realization. When the Spirit within man returns to its parent-source during sleep and after death it enjoys Turiya-Samadhi. It is also the state into which a man enters who has become at one with the Cosmic Divinity, the Hierarch of our Solar Universe.

SP Avastha -- a state of consciousness, of which there are four:

jagrat -- ordinary waking consciousness
svapna [swapna] -- dreaming sleep
susupti [sushupti] -- dreamless sleep
turiya -- literally "the fourth," spiritual consciousness.

SD INDEX Avastha(s) (Skt), divine, or Trinity I 18-19


WG Avastha-traya, the three states of the soul, according to Vedanta philosophy, known to uninitiated humanity, namely: jagrata, waking state; svapna, dreaming state; and sushupti, dreamless sleep. (See also Turiya.)


SD INDEX Avat (Pers), upper Earth globes II 759


TG Avatara (Sk.). Divine incarnation. The descent of a god or some exalted Being, who has progressed beyond the necessity of Rebirths, into the body of a simple mortal. Krishna was an avatar of Vishnu. The Dalai Lama is regarded as an avatar of Avalokiteswara, and the Teschu Lama as one of Tson-kha-pa, or Amitabha. There are two kinds of avatars: those born from woman, and the parentless, the anupapadaka.

KT Avatara (Sans.) Divine incarnation. The descent of a god or some exalted Being who has progressed beyond the necessity for rebirth, into the body of a simple mortal. Krishna was an Avatar of Vishnu. The Dalai-Lama is regarded as an Avatar of Avalokiteswara and the Teschu-Lama as one of Tson-Kha-pa, or Amitabba. These are two kinds of Avatars: one born from woman and the other "parentless" -- Anupadaka.

FY Avatar, the incarnation of an exalted being, so called among the Hindus.

WG Avatara, an avatar, the appearance of any deity upon earth, but more particularly the incarnations of Vishnu in his ten principal forms, namely: the fish, tortoise, boar, man-lion, dwarf, the two Ramas, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki, the last yet to come, and which will take place at the end of the four yugas.

OG Avatara -- (Sanskrit) The noun-form derived from a compound of two words: ava, prepositional prefix meaning "down," and tri, verb-root meaning to "cross over," to "pass"; thus, avatri -- to "pass down," or to "descend." Hence the word signifies the passing down of a celestial energy or of an individualized complex of celestial energies, which is equivalent to saying a celestial being, in order to overshadow and illuminate some human being -- but a human being who, at the time of such connection of "heaven with earth," of divinity with matter, possesses no karmically intermediate or connecting link between the overshadowing entity and the physical body: in other words, no human soul karmically destined to be the inner master of the body thus born.
The intermediate link necessary, so that the human being-to-be may have the human intermediate or psychological apparatus fit to express the invisible splendor of this celestial descent, is supplied by the deliberate and voluntary entrance into the unborn child -- and coincidently with the overshadowing of the celestial power -- of the psychological or intermediate principle of one of the Greater Ones, who thus "completes" what is to be the pure and lofty human channel through which the "descending" divinity may manifest, this divinity finding in this high psychological principle a sufficiently evolved link enabling it to express itself in human form upon earth.
Hence an avatara is one who has a combination of three elements in his being: an inspiring divinity; a highly evolved intermediate nature or soul, which is loaned to him and is the channel of that inspiring divinity; and a pure, clean, physical body.

WW Avatara Now let us examine Avatara. This comes from a Sanskrit verb avatari. Now ava is a particle meaning down, tri means to pass over, to go over, as to pass over a river, to cross. The sense in which it is used in the word avatara, is the passing or crossing down of a divinity from the gods' natural state into the life of man, to incarnate in human body. For instance, Krishno-vatarati, Krishna incarnates, Krishna comes down, crosses down. Avatara, in other words, is the incarnation or passing into human flesh, of a divine being. There are other meanings applied to this, but they are subtle, and they are beyond our present purpose. So for the present we can remember that avatara is practically the same as incarnation; incarnation you will remember meaning in-fleshing. The incarnation, according to the Christian theory, was thus an avatara or the second person of the Trinity; a very, very old conception indeed in its elements. Greek mythological story is full of the incarnations of gods and goddesses, and so are the religions of Hindustan.

SKo Avatara An Avatara is a descent of a Divinity from the divine spheres into our human world. The word is derived from the preposition ava -- down, and the verb-root tri -- to pass. An Avatara is a spiritual event brought about by White Magic in order to effect some spiritual work among men. This Avatara or god in human form is a temporary combination of three elements: an inspiring divinity from the realms of the gods, a highly evolved soul loaned by a Buddha or Bodhisattva, and a physical body which is found to be clean and pure.

SP Avatara -- a descent or incarnation of divine energy, an avatar.

SD INDEX Avatara(s) (Skt). See also Avalokitesvara, Kalki, Maitreya, Sankaracharya

Boar or Varaha I 368-9 &n; II 53, 321
Buddha, of Vishnu II 578
coming, or tenth II 420
divine-human, of India I 349
divine impersonality of II 478
every, a fallen god II 483-4
Hegel accepted periodical I 52n
Hindu, & unseen principle II 555-6
immaculate conception & I 399
Kalki I 87, 268, 378; II 416n, 420
Krishna as II 48, 225n, 359, 550
Kurma, of Vishnu II 549
Kwan-shi-yin last of I 470
Matsya first, of Vishnu I 263-4, 369, 385; II 69n, 139, 307, 578
minor, & Buddhas of Confession II 423 &n
Nara-Simha an II 225n
spiritual Sun sends forth I 638
successive, of first triad I 668
Tsong Kha-pa, of Amitabha I 108n
of Vishnu I 18, 653; II 33, 408n

SEE ALSO; LOGOS, TRINITY


SD INDEX Avayakta. See Avyakta


TG Avebury or Abury. In Wiltshire are the remains of an ancient megalithic Serpent temple: according to the eminent antiquarian Stukeley, 1740, there are traces of two circles of stones and two avenues; the whole has formed the representation of a serpent. [W. W. W]


SD INDEX Aveling, Ed. B., translated Haeckel II 87n, 164n


SD INDEX Aves (Lat) birds II 656


SD INDEX Avesa. See Amilakha


TG Avesta (Zend.). Lit., "the Law". From the old Persian Abasta, "the law". The sacred Scriptures of the Zoroastrians. Zend means in the "Zend-Avesta" -- a "commentary" or "interpretation". It is an error to regard "Zend" as a language, as "it was applied only to explanatory texts, to the translations of the Avesta" (Darmsteter).

FY Avesta, the sacred books of the Zoroastrians.

SD INDEX Avesta. See Zend Avesta


SD INDEX Avicebron. See Ibn Gebirol


TG Avicenna. The latinized name of Abu-Ali al Hoseen ben Abdallah Ibn Sina; a Persian philosopher, born 980 A.D., though generally referred to as an Arabian doctor. On account of his surprising learning he was called "the Famous", and was the author of the best and the first alchemical works known in Europe, All the Spirits of the Elements were subject to him, so says the legend, and it further tells us that owing to his knowledge of the Elixir of Life, he still lives, as an adept who will disclose himself to the profane at the end of a certain cycle.


TG Avitchi (Sk.). A state: not necessarily after death only or between two births, for it can take place on earth as well. Lit., "uninterrupted hell". The last of the eight hells we are told, "where the culprits die and are reborn without interruption -- yet not without hope of final redemption". This is because Avitchi is another name for Myalba (our earth) and also a state to which some soulless men are condemned on this physical plane.

WGa Avitchi, a state of the soul. The place or time for this state is not always after death, for it may be in life and on this very earth. It is called "the last of the eight hells", and is commonly thought of as a state after death of the body.

OG Avichi -- (Sanskrit) A word, the general meaning of which is "waveless," having no waves or movement, suggesting the stagnation of life and being in immobility; it also means "without happiness" or "without repose." A generalized term for places of evil realizations, but not of punishment in the Christian sense; where the will for evil, and the unsatisfied evil longings for pure selfishness, find their chance for expansion -- and final extinction of the entity itself. Avichi has many degrees or grades. Nature has all things in her; if she has heavens where good and true men find rest and peace and bliss, so has she other spheres and states where gravitate those who must find an outlet for the evil passions burning within. They, at the end of their avichi, go to pieces and are ground over and over, and vanish away finally like a shadow before the sunlight in the air -- ground over in nature's laboratory. (See also Eighth Sphere)

SKo Avichi An after-death state of evil realizations of many degrees, experienced by those who have lived lives of wickedness, sensuality, avarice, and deceit, etc. The word Avichi is a compound of a -- not, and vichi -- waves, or pleasure; hence having no movement of life, stagnation, or a place without pleasure. Unless a man can rise from this state, drawn upwards by some flash of the divine nature's having expressed itself during life, he will after long misery and suffering finally enter the Eighth Sphere or Planet of Death, and having there been "ground over in nature's laboratory," will vanish from this sphere.

SP Avici [avichi] -- the lowest hell, literally "the waveless."


TG Avidya (Sk.). Opposed to Vidya, Knowledge. Ignorance which proceeds from, and is produced by the illusion of the Senses or Viparyaya.

WG Avidya, Without knowledge, ignorance, illusion; personified illusion, or Maya, in Buddhism, ignorance together with non-existence. (a, not, without; vidya, knowledge.)

OG Avidya -- (Sanskrit) A compound word: a, "not"; vidya, "knowledge"; hence nonknowledge, ignorance -- perhaps a better translation would be nescience -- ignorance or rather lack of knowledge of reality, produced by illusion or maya.

SP Avidya -- ignorance.

SD INDEX Avidya (Skt) ignorance I 7

SEE ALSO; NIDANA


TG Avikara (Sk.). Free from degeneration; changeless -- used of Deity.

WG Avikara, changeless, undifferentiating.

SD INDEX Avikara (Skt) immutability II 46


AVITCHI -- SEE AVICHI


SD INDEX Avogadro, Count Amedeo

atoms not uniform I 512 &n
produced revolution in chemistry I 622


TG Avyakta (Sk.). The unrevealed cause; indiscrete or undifferentiated; the opposite of Vyakta, the differentiated. The former is used of the unmanifested, and the latter of the manifested Deity, or of Brahma and Brahma.

FY Avyakta, the unrevealed cause.

WG Avyakta, indiscrete or undifferentiated matter, the primordial principle whence the phenomenal world is produced; mulaprakriti; the all-soul. (See Mulaprakriti.)

SD INDEX Avyakta (Skt) unmanifest I 521-2; II 46-7


SD INDEX Avyaktanugrahena (unmanifest-creation), Parabrahman-mulaprakriti I 521-2


SD INDEX Avyaya (Skt) imperishable

eternal life, Vishnu I 370; II 69n
Purusha-pradhana & I 582
undecaying I 420


SD INDEX Awasthan [Arvasthan] (Skt), Arabia II 406


TG Axieros (Gr.). One of the Kabiri.

SD INDEX Axieros, Aschieros (Gk)

Demeter is, in female aspect II 362
derivation (Mackey) II 362n
one of four Kabiri II 362
Sanat-Kumara II 106


TG Axiocersa, (Gr.). One of the Kabiri.

TG Axiocersus (Gr.). One of the Kabiri.

SD INDEX Axiokersa, Achiosersa

derivation (Mackey) II 362n
Persephone II 362
Sananda II 106

SD INDEX Axiokersos, Achiochersus

Pluto, Hades II 362
Sanaka II 106


SD INDEX Axis, Axes. See also Cataclysm

angle of, & seasons II 356
Apollo-Diana, Sun-Moon & II 771
changes of I 369; II 52, 292, 314, 324-5, 771
changes of, in Enoch II 145, 533-4, 726
changes of, in Vendidad II 356
disturbances sank second continent I 369
inclination of Venus's II 32
karmic disturbances of II 274, 329-30
neutral I 148
science & violent changes of II 314, 726
shifting, & deluge II 145, 314, 324-5, 360, 533-4, 771
zodiac & changes in II 431


TG Ayana (Sk.). A period of time; two Ayanas complete a year, one being the period of the Sun's progress northward, and the other southward in the ecliptic.

SD INDEX Ayana (Skt)

Narayana fr Nara-ayana II 591n
spirit moving over waters I 344


SD INDEX Ayanam (Skt) half-year, three roodoo [ritu] make a II 620


TG Ayin (Heb.). Lit., "Nothing", whence the name of Ain-Soph. (See "Ain".)

SD INDEX Ayin (Heb) nothing I 350

negative, female letter I 114n


TG Aymar, Jacques. A famous Frenchman who had great success in the use of the Divining Rod about the end of the 17th century; he was often employed in detecting criminals; two M. D.'s of the University of Paris, Chauvin and Garnier reported on the reality of his powers. See Colquhoun on Magic. [W. W. W]


TG Ayur Veda (Sk.). Lit., "the Veda of Life".


TG Ayuta (Sk.). 100 Koti, or a sum equal to 1,000,000,000.


SD INDEX Aza (Heb), to illuminate II 114

Azael, Uzza &, twitted God II 491


TG Azareksh (Zend.). A place celebrated for a fire-temple of the Zoroastrians and Magi during the time of Alexander the Great.

SD INDEX Azareksh (Zor), fire temple of II 6n


TG Azazel (Heb.). "God of Victory"; the scape-goat for the sins of Israel. He who comprehends the mystery of Azazel, says Aben-Ezra, "will learn the mystery of God's name", and truly. See "Typhon" and the scape-goat made sacred to him in ancient Egypt.

SD INDEX Azazel, Azaziel, Azazyel (Heb)

Hebrew Prometheus II 376
host of, taught fourth race II 376
sacred goat in Bible I 441n; II 389n
scapegoat of Israel II 387, 389n, 409
serpent prototype of II 387
wrongly associated w Satan II 376


SD INDEX Azburj. See Asburj


TG Azhi-Dahaka (Zend.). One of the Serpents or Dragons in the legends of Iran and the Avesta Scriptures, the allegorical destroying Serpent or Satan.

SD INDEX Azhi-Dahaka (Zend), war betw, & Thraetaona II 390


TG Aziluth (Heb.). The name for the world of the Sephiroth, called the world of Emanations Olam Aziluth. It is the great and the highest prototype of the other worlds. "Atzeelooth is the Great Sacred Seal by means of which all the worlds are copied which have impressed on themselves the image on the Seal; and as this Great Seal comprehends three stages, which are three zures (prototypes) of Nephesh (the vital Spirit or Soul), Ruach (the moral and reasoning Spirit), and the Neshamah (the Highest Soul of man), so the Sealed have also received three zures, namely Breeah, Yetzeerah, and Aseeyah, and these three zures are only one in the Seal" (Myer's Qabbalah). The globes A, Z, of our terrestial [[terrestrial?]] chain are in Aziluth. (See Secret Doctrine.)


SD INDEX Aziluth, Atzilatic World [Atsiluth] (Heb), first kabbalistic world II 111, 604


SD INDEX Azoic Age

beginning of life (science) II 711
hostile environment of II 159-60
life in I 258


SD INDEX Azores

remnant of Atlantis II 222-3, 791
undersea elevation & II 792-3


TG Azoth (Alch.). The creative principle in Nature, the grosser portion of which is stored in the Astral Light. It is symbolized by a figure which is a cross (See "Eliphas Levi"), the four limbs of which bear each one letter of the word Taro, which can be read also Rota, Ator, and in many other combinations, each of which has an occult meaning.


SD INDEX Aztalan, country of Aztecs I 322


SD INDEX Aztec(s)

calendar & pyramids I 322
divine bird of II 141
once a mighty race II 445


SD INDEX Azupiran(u). See Sippara


SD INDEX Azure seats II 424-5